Ch 3 sec 4 Students Notes

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Ch 3 sec 4 Students Notes

  1. 1. Chapter Three: Colonial Ways of Life Section Four: A Diverse Society A. Family Life in Colonial America a. The population of the colonies _________________ greatly in the 1700s. b. Partly due to a rising __________ rate. c. Also due to large numbers of ________________ arriving in the colonies. i. Colonial Women 1. Women in the colonies, especially married women, had no legal ____________________. 2. Married women could not own ____________________. 3. Their status began to improve later on; some women were able to run business, ____________________. B. Africans in Colonial America a. Many Africans who came to America attempted to keep their African _______________, traditions, etc. Thus creating a new African- American culture. b. Examples: Aspects of African _______________ became mixed with the beliefs of Christianity. c. African-American ___________ began to develop using African rhythms. d. White planters often used harsh means to establish their _______________________ over African laborers. e. Some Africans resisted in a _________________ way. f. EXAMPLE: (_________________ tools, working slowly etc.) g. Others were more daring, running away or _________________. h. Some even ____________________ their freedom or were freed by their owners. i. This created a sizeable free African-American ____________________ by the 1700s. C. The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening a. 1. The Enlightenment i. European _____________________ and cultural movement. ii. Challenged the _________________ of the church in science and philosophy. iii. Emphasis on ______________ and reason over religion. iv. John Locke - one of the most ___________________ Enlightenment thinkers.
  2. 2. CHUNK #4 Pg. 108. Under The Enlightenment read the 4th paragraph and fill out the chart below. v. Montesquieu – said there were 3 types of _________________ power. 1. ______________ : Congress writes the law 2. ______________: President enforces the law 3. ______________: Supreme Court interprets the law vi. He believed a government’s power should be divided among these _________________ branches. vii. This way a government would be ____________________ and no one branch would become too powerful. viii. This is called ____________________ of power. b. The Great Awakening i. ___________________ revival. ii. Emphasis on religion, ___________, and devout belief in God. iii. Increase in _____________ attendance, especially Protestants. iv. Ministers _________________ that we are all equal before God. c. Both of these movements were huge ____________________ on the American Revolution!!! Montesquieu’s political powers

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