Chapter Three: Colonial Ways of Life
Section One: Southern Colonies
A. The Southern Economy
a. Mainly based on _______________________.
b. Cash crop – a crop mainly grown to be sold for _____________.
c. In Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina, the main cash crop was
d. The growth of cash crops led to the rise of ___________________.
e. Plantation – a large ______________ usually growing only one crop.
f. Plantations required many ____________________.
g. In the early years, most laborers were _________________
servants - people who signed a _________________ saying they
would pay their way to America by working for 5 to 7 years.
h. Their needs would be provided by the land __________________.
i. In South Carolina, rice and ____________ (used to make blue dye)
were the main crops.
j. Many planters who came to South Carolina were from the
____________________, where slavery was common.
k. Many Africans already had experience ____________________
l. Therefore, most of these planters chose Africans as their source of
labor and slavery began to ____________________.
CHUNK #1 Turn to page 86 and 87. Read Southern Society then complete the graphic
a. 1. The Planter Elite a.k.a. (gentry)
i. The smallest group was made up of ________________ land
ii. They had a great deal of social and
b. Backcountry Farmers (yeomen)
i. Many were former indentured servants who had
ii. Small farms practicing _________________ farming (farming
only enough crops to feed their own families).
c. African Americans and poor whites
i. These groups made up the _______________ portion of
C. Bacon’s Rebellion
a. Governor William Berkeley thought ____________ privileges should
be reserved for those who owned property.
b. Backcountry farmers were _______________ by this.
c. Nathanial Bacon, a wealthy land owner, sided with the
d. He organized a militia and after attacking Native Americans who had
attacked his plantation, he ______________ power and charged
Berkeley with corruption.
e. After months of battling, Bacon died while in hiding. His army fell
________________ without him.
f. Bacon’s Rebellion convinced many wealthy planters that the best way
to keep Virginian society ______________ was to allow backcountry
farmers to own land.
D. Slavery in the Colonies
a. Indentured servants began to ______________ and slavery began
1. Slaves did not have to be _________________.
2. Land became __________________ and most English settlers
were not willing to be indentured servants.
3. The _______________ African Company was established.
i. This was an English company dealing with the _________ trade.
ii. English settlers could ________________ slaves more
E. The Slave Trade
a. Most slaves were taken from ____________ Africa.
b. About 1/3 died on the journey across the Atlantic called “The ___________
c. Disease and ________________ were huge problems aboard slave
d. Slaves were sent from Africa to North America, South America and
F. Growth of Slavery
a. Slavery grew very ______________.
b. The first Africans came to _______________ in 1619 and were
actually indentured servants.
c. As slavery began to grow it became more ________________.
d. It was recognized by _________________ in Maryland in 1638.
e. By 1660, laws were passed to lower the ______________ of
Africans and deny them the same rights as whites.
f. Slavery also became ____________________.
g. Eventually these laws were grouped together into __________ codes.
h. Slave Codes - sets of laws to govern slavery and ______________
the rights of African Americans.
i. Examples: could not hold property, could not ___________ in
court, could not have guns.