Chapter Two: Colonizing America
Section Three: New England
A. The Pilgrims
a. A group of Puritans broke away from the __________________
Church to form new churches.
b. These people were known as _____________________.
c. When King James I tried to _______________ these people, they
first fled to Holland.
d. These Separatists that left England were the _________________.
e. Life in Holland was also ________________ for the Pilgrims; they
decided to leave for America.
f. 1620 – The Pilgrims left for America aboard the
g. They planned to go to __________________ but a storm blew them
h. They arrived at ____________________, in present day
i. The Pilgrims had a difficult first year at Plymouth, but were helped by
a Native American man, ______________________.
j. 1621 – The Pilgrims celebrated the ________________ with the
k. This became the basis for the ________________________
B. The Puritans found Massachusetts
a. Puritans found it increasingly ______________ to live in England.
b. An economic ___________________ had caused many Puritans to lose
jobs and money.
c. John Winthrop and several other Puritans owned _______________ in the
Massachusetts Bay Company, and had a charter to begin a new
__________________ in America.
d. 1629 – To help the Puritans in England, Winthrop transformed
Massachusetts into a _______________ for Puritans in America.
e. A huge number of ___________________ began arriving in America.
f. By 1643, there were ___________________ people in New England.
g. In the colony of Massachusetts, there was little __________________
between the church and the state.
h. There were also _____________ laws and moral codes.
i. Other religions were not _____________________.
C. Rhode Island
a. 1. Roger Williams
i. Left Massachusetts because he __________________ with some
beliefs of the Puritan Church.
ii. He traveled south and founded the town of __________________.
b. 2. Anne Hutchison
i. Puritan woman who __________________ some Puritan ministers.
ii. She gained many followers and was ________________
iii. She and others who had been thrown out began new
iv. 1644 – these new settlements (including Providence), combined and
formed the colony of _______________ Island.
v. Here, church and state would be _______________.
vi. Other religions would be _________________.
a. 1636 – founded by Puritan Minister, Thomas ___________________.
b. He and his congregation mainly wanted more ______________.
c. They also had disagreements with the Puritan ______________ in
d. 1637 – adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut – first
________________ constitution in America.