Chapter Two: Colonizing America
Section One: The Spanish and the French Build Empires
A. The Conquest of Mexico
a. The Spanish began taking over parts of _______________ America.
b. Set up farms and plantations and used Native Americans for _____________.
c. Hernan ________________ was sent to Mexico to conquer the
d. He rallied _______________ of the Aztec to help him fight.
e. The Spanish were well _____________ with guns, cannons, horses
f. Cortez marched to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan and took their
______________ Montezuma hostage.
g. After months of fighting, the Aztec forces were weakened by
h. In May of 1521, Cortez _______________ the Aztec and destroyed
B. New Spain Expands
a. Cortez ordered a new city to be ______________ on the ruins of
the Aztec capitol. (modern day Mexico City)
b. This would be the _______________ of New Spain.
c. More Spaniards were sent out to ____________ the rest of the area.
d. These men were called conquistadors (Spanish ________________).
1. Example: Francisco Pizarro conquered the ___________
Empire in South America
e. The Spanish later began settling the present day Southwestern
United States. (New Mexico, and ___________________)
f. Goal: To set up Catholic missions and ____________ Native
Americans to Christianity.
CHUNK #1 C. Spanish-American Society
Turn to pgs. 54-55 under A Society Based on Class. Use the
information to fill out the Spanish-American Society chart.
*Fill in Chart*
D. The French Empire in America
a. The ______________ became interested in America in the early
b. Mainly to get involved in the __________ trade.
c. Founded _______________ (Canada)
E. New France Expands
a. In the later 1600’s, France began promoting more ______________
in North America.
b. Also began more __________________
c. They found the __________________ River and claimed the entire
d. They named the area after King __________ XVI.