Alabama High School Graduation Exam                             (Social Studies).     What European movement resulted in e...
8.   What was the name of the trading of molasses, rum and slaves between the     Southern Colonies, the Caribbean and Wes...
9.   Who made the famous ride warning colonists that the "Redcoats were     coming"? Paul Revere0.   Volunteer soldiers re...
0.   What term was used to describe the British navy forcing Americans into service     and was one of the main reasons fo...
2.    The Constitution allows for power to be shared between the national      government and the states. What kind of sys...
17.   Which ordinance allowed for the creation of 3 to 5 states in the Northwest      Territory and prohibited slavery in ...
43.   During the reform period of the 1830s and 1840s much of the public called for      abstinence from what? Alcohol con...
66.   What was one of the reasons southern states began to secede in 1860? The      election of Abraham Lincoln as preside...
91.   What was the program called that returned southern states to the Union, rebuilt      the Souths infrastructure, and ...
12.   How as the plow improved during the late 1800s? Plowed several furrows at      once.13.   Why did the open ranges us...
37.   What did Theodore Roosevelt call journalists who were intent on exposing      corruption at the turn of the century?...
61.   What was the name of the policy that United States Secretary of State John Hay      promoted that would keep China o...
82.   What were the consequences of WWI? Germany gave up parts of its’ land,      Austria-Hungarian Empire broken up, Unit...
1209.   Court Case over the teaching the theory of evolution in the classroom. Scopes      Trial10.   What lead to the gro...
31.   What were loans made to the government with the promise the government      would pay back the interest called (ex. ...
59.           What was the name of one of the more brutal concentration camps in Poland              during the Holocaust?...
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Alabama high school graduation exam entire Study Guide

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  1. 1. Alabama High School Graduation Exam (Social Studies). What European movement resulted in exposure to Middle Eastern and Asian goods (after a failed attempt to take away the Holy Lands from Muslims)? Crusades. What was discovered as a result of the Crusades? Spices and silks from Asia. What did the Europeans want to do in order to get these spices and silks? Discover a new sea route for trade to Asia. Who was the man who established a school for navigation and is also known as Henry the Navigator? Prince Henry of Portugal. What is the name of the instrument that uses the stars to determine location? Astrolabe. A magnetized needle that points north is called what? Compass. What European movement resulted in new art, technology, and a return to classical thought? Renaissance. Where did the Renaissance begin? Italy. What was the movement to reform the Catholic Church called? The Protestant Reformation0. Who was the leader of the Protestant Reformation? Martin Luther1. What terms are used to describe the exchange of goods between Europe and the Americas after Columbuss discovery? Columbian Exchange2. What killed almost 80% of the Native Americans because of the Columbian Exchange? Communicable diseases3. What were the Spanish explorers called who searched for "God, gold, and glory"? Conquistadors4. Who conquered the Aztec Empire? Cortez5. Who conquered the Inca Empire? Pizarro6. Who explored the area of present-day New Mexico in 1540 in search of the Seven Cities of Gold? Coronado7. Who explored the areas of present-day Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi? de Soto8. Who explored Florida looking for The Fountain of Youth? Ponce de Leon9. Who discovered the Pacific Ocean? De Balboa0. What was the name of the first American settlement in 1565 by the Europeans? St. Augustine1. The first English attempt at colonizing the present-day United States was sponsored by whom? Sir Walter Raleigh2. Where was this settlement at? Roanoke3. What is the failed settlement at Roanoke known as? The Lost Colony4. What was the first successful English settlement in the New World (1607)? Jamestown5. What crop insured the economic survival of the Jamestown colony? Tobacco6. What was the first representative government in the New World? House of Burgesses7. What did the House of Burgesses influenced the establishment of? Congress
  2. 2. 8. What was the name of the trading of molasses, rum and slaves between the Southern Colonies, the Caribbean and West Africa known as? The Triangular Trade Route9. What was the main economic system of the colonies? Mercantilism - When a nations power is measured by its gold reserves0. The economic system where colonies were supposed to supply England with raw materials , England make them into finished products and sell them back to the colonies is known as… colonialism. 21. What acts were enforced by the English that were already in place and stated that only English ships carry goods to and from the colonies? (1760s) Navigation Acts2. Search warrants that gave customs officials the right to look anywhere for what they considered illegal goods were called… writs of assistance.3. What war put the English into debt and forced them to tax and closely monitor the troops in Boston? It was fought between Britain and France over disputed lands. French and Indian War4. What was the name of the peace treaty that ended the French and Indian War? The Treaty of Paris 17635. What was the document that the British Government issued that said no colonist could settle west of the Appalachian Mountains called? The Proclamation of 17636. What was the main reason the American colonies protested against British rule? Taxation7. What is a tariff? A tax on imported goods8. What was the tax on molasses called? The Sugar Act9. What was the tax on all printed material and paper items called? The Stamp Act0. What was the name of the secret group of colonists who came together to organize a boycott of British goods? The Sons of Liberty1. What was the name of the women colonists who weaved their own cloth called homespun so they would not have to purchase British cloth? The Daughters of Liberty2. What was the tax on all imported glass, paper lead and tea sold in the colonies? The Townshend Acts3. What occurred in 1770 that resulted in 5 colonists being shot and killed by British troops in Boston? Boston Massacre4. What was the name of the African-American killed at the Boston Massacre? Crispus Attucks5. Who was the leader of the Sons of Liberty? Samuel Adams6. In 1773 Bostonians protested the Tea Act by staging what famous event? Boston Tea Party7. What act of colonial protestation resulted in the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts being passed by the British parliament? Boston Tea Party8. What American colonist gave the famous speech stating, "Give me liberty or give me death?" Patrick Henry
  3. 3. 9. Who made the famous ride warning colonists that the "Redcoats were coming"? Paul Revere0. Volunteer soldiers ready to fight at a moments notice were called… Minutemen1. Colonists who wanted independence from Britain were known as… Patriots2. As a way to punish the people of Boston for the Boston Tea Party Parliament passed several measures including forcing citizens to house British soldiers in their homes, shutting down the port of Boston, restricting town meetings to once per year and ordering that British high officers charged with major crimes should be tried in the courts of Great Britain. Theses acts were known as … The Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts in Britain)3. What was the first meeting called when 12 colonies sent delegates to Philadelphia to discuss British tyranny (and take action)? First Continental Congress4. Who warned the colonists the British were coming prior to the Battle of Lexington and Concord? Paul Revere5. The first skirmishes of the Revolutionary War occurred in what two towns? Lexington and Concord6. What is the first shot of the American Revolution known as? The shot heard round the world 37. What battle resulted in a huge moral victory for the colonists? The Battle of Bunker Hill8. Who served as the commander of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War? George Washington9. What group sent the Olive Branch Petition and wrote the Declaration of Independence? Second Continental Congress0. What document did the colonists send to King George III as a final attempt at peace in 1775? Olive Branch Petition1. What document was sent to the British informing them of colonial independence and stated why the 13 colonies should break away from British rule? Declaration of Independence2. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson3. What was adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776? The Declaration of Independence4. In the Declaration of Independence what is meant by “all men are created equal”? All men should be treated the same under the law5. What battle was the turning point in the Revolutionary War (resulting in France becoming our ally)? Saratoga6. Where were George Washingtons troops encamped during the harsh winter of 1777-1778? Valley Forge7. What was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War (Cornwallis surrendered to Washington)? Yorktown8. What was the treaty called that stated the U.S. was an independent nation from Great Britain, ended the Revolutionary War and set the United States’ boundaries from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River? Treaty of Paris 17839. The U.S. fought the British again in what war? War of 1812
  4. 4. 0. What term was used to describe the British navy forcing Americans into service and was one of the main reasons for the War of 1812? Impressment1. What law was passed by Jefferson that disallowed trade with other nations (including Britain) and led to the War of 1812? Embargo Act2. What was the name of the battle where Andrew Jackson with the help of the Cherokee nation defeated the Creek Indians? The Battle of Horseshoe Bend3. At what battle did Francis Scott Key write The Star Spangled Banner? The Battle of Fort McHenry4. What battle in the War of 1812 gave the people in the United States great pride in their country and made Andrew Jackson a hero? The Battle of New Orleans5. What battle in the War of 1812 took place after the peace treaty had been signed? The Battle of New Orleans6. The devotion to one’s country is known as… Nationalism7. What famous English document (signed in 1215 by King John I) was the beginning point for representative government and protection of individual rights and insured the due process of law? Magna Carta8. Who was the English philosopher who believed that the government should derived its power from the people whom it governs and who greatly influenced Jefferson as he wrote the Declaration of Independence? John Locke9. Who believed the right to rule should come from the people and not a king and wrote the Social Contract Theory? Rousseau0. Locke, Montesquieu and Rousseau were what type of writers? Enlightenment1. Jefferson used this idea (Dec. of Ind.), which allows for a people to overthrow its rulers if their natural rights are no longer being protected. Social Contract Theory 42. Why did the Declaration of Independence and the Social Contract Theory exist? To benefit citizens3. What French philosopher came up with the idea of a three-branch government? Montesquieu4. What religious movement occurred in the 1730s and 1740s in the colonies that contributed to a sense of independence before the American Revolution? Great Awakening5. What was the first set of laws governing the U.S.? Articles of Confederation6. What famous convention was held to replace the Articles of Confederation with a more centralized government? Constitutional Convention7. Why did the Articles of Confederation need to be replaced? The were weak, had no way tax and had no judicial or executive branch8. What plan wanted representation in congress to be based on a state’s population? Virginia Plan9. What plan wanted equal representation in Congress? New Jersey Plan0. What was the solution to the problem of representation at the convention called? Great Compromise1. At the Constitutional Convention what was the solution to the problem of how to count slaves for representation purposes? Three-fifths Compromise
  5. 5. 2. The Constitution allows for power to be shared between the national government and the states. What kind of system is this? Federalism3. The opening paragraph of the Constitution ("We the people...") is called what? Preamble4. What part of the Constitution explained the purpose for establishing a government? The preamble5. The Constitution calls for a three-branch government creating a separation of what? Powers6. Which branch of government makes the laws? Legislative - Congress7. Which branch of government is responsible for enforcing the laws? Executive – The President8. Which branch of government is responsible for interpreting the laws? Judicial - The Supreme Court9. What document begins with the phrase “We the People in order to form a more perfect Union”? The Constitution00. What is the clause called which gives Congress broad powers and is considered the “necessary and proper” clause? Elastic Clause01. A word for strict interpretation of the Constitution is called... Strict Construction02. A broad interpretation of the Constitution is called... Loose Construction03. What addition was made to the Constitution giving further protection for individual rights against government abuse? Bill of Rights (1st ten amendments to the Constitution)04. What papers did Jay, Hamilton, and Madison encouraging the passage of the Constitution write? The Federalist Papers05. What two political parties emerged after the debate over ratification of the Constitution? Federalists and Democratic-Republicans06. What amendment abolished slavery? 13th07. What amendment guarantees protection of the laws for all citizens? 14th08. What amendment gave the vote to African American males? 15th09. What amendment gave the vote to women? 19th10. Who warned Americans about competing political parties and obeying the constitution in his farewell address? George Washington 511. Who served as chief justice of the Supreme Court for 34 years and helped shape a powerful national government? John Marshall12. What famous Supreme Court ruling established judicial review? Marbury v. Madison13. Who were the midnight judges? The name given to those judges appointed by President Adams before leaving office; led to the Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison14. Which Supreme Court case (under Marshall) insured that the national government controlled interstate commerce? Gibbons v. Ogden15. Which Supreme Court case (under Marshall) ruled that the national bank was in fact constitutional? McCulloch v. Maryland16. What ordinance was passed in 1785 that divided territory in the old northwest into townships? Land Ordinance of 1785
  6. 6. 17. Which ordinance allowed for the creation of 3 to 5 states in the Northwest Territory and prohibited slavery in the territory? Northwest Ordinance18. What action allowed Jefferson to double the size of the U.S. in 1803? Louisiana Purchase19. Who did Jefferson hire to explore the west? Lewis & Clark ( Sacajawea was their guide)20. What areas of the country did they explore? The Louisiana Purchase territories and the Oregon territory21. The post-War of 1812 years during James Monroe’s presidency were called what (because of prosperity, one political party, etc.)? Era of Good Feelings22. What year did Alabama become a state? 181923. Why did congress put tariffs on imports in the 1800’s? To encourage production of American goods.24. What did Henry Clay’s American System include? A protective tariff on American goods, Internal Improvements for roads and canals, and a national bank25. The policy that declared that the United States would not interfere in the internal affairs of European countries or in independent countries in the Americas and dealt with foreign policies was known as the… Monroe Doctrine26. What was the spoils system? The practice of giving government jobs to friends and supporters27. What president gets credit for establishing the spoils system? Andrew Jackson28. How did democracy grow before the election of Andrew Jackson? Property ownership was dropped as a voting requirement29. What law forced the five civilized tribes of the southeast to evacuate? (Jacksons tenure) Indian Removal Act30. What event resulted in the Cherokees marching over 800 miles from Georgia to Oklahoma (1838)? Trail of Tears31. List four major trails used by settlers in the western part of the U.S. Santa Fe, Oregon, Mormon, California32. What was responsible for the huge migration of people to California? The California Gold Rush of 184933. What western industry was responsible for boomtowns being established in the 1800’s? Mining34. Who founded the Mormon faith? Joseph Smith35. Who led the Mormons to Utah? Brigham Young36. What country did Texas gain its independence from in 1836? Mexico37. Why did the U.S. fight Mexico (Mexican War) in 1846-1848? Land acquisition (California and New Mexico territories) 638. What was the U.S. goal (or fate) named which called for the acquisition of territory in the west (extending the country from sea to sea)? Manifest Destiny39. Whitman, Emerson, and Thoreau were writers of what movement? Transcendentalism40. What were the communities called which tried to make a "perfect society"? Utopian communities41. Who led reform in education in the 1800s? Horace Mann42. What woman led reform in prisons in the U.S.? Dorothea Dix
  7. 7. 43. During the reform period of the 1830s and 1840s much of the public called for abstinence from what? Alcohol consumption44. The movement to moderate the use of alcohol is known as…The Temperance Movement45. What was the movement to end slavery known as? The Abolition Movement46. What black woman used the Underground Railroad to help liberate hundreds of slaves? Harriet Tubman47. What was the purpose of the Underground Railroad? To aid the escaped slaves48. What white abolitionist from Massachusetts produced The Liberator? William Lloyd Garrison49. What black abolitionist from Maryland and former slave produced The North Star? Frederick Douglass50. What famous meeting in 1848 called for women to demand greater equality and opportunity in the U.S.? Seneca Falls Convention51. Who hosted this convention were suffragists (people who supported the right for women to vote? Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton52. Describe the southern economy before the Civil War. Agriculture: mainly cotton53. Describe the northern economy before the Civil War. Balanced: industrial and agricultural54. What religious movement in the early 1800s influenced people to help others (leading to all of these reform movements)? Second Great Awakening55. South Carolinas attempt to void the Tariff of 1832 was called the... Nullification Crisis56. What congressional agreement allowed Missouri to become a slave state and Maine to become a free state? Missouri Compromise57. What act supported by Stephen Douglas gave popular sovereignty to two territories just west of Missouri? Kansas-Nebraska Act58. What congressional solution made California a free state, banned slave trade in Washington D.C., created the Fugitive Slave Law and gave popular sovereignty to the New Mexico and Utah territories? Compromise of 185059. What was the main issue of the Compromise of 1850? slavery60. What is popular sovereignty? Before the Civil War, the idea that people living in a territory had the right to decide by voting if slavery would be allowed there.61. What was the main issue of the Compromise of 1850? Slavery62. What part of the solution in the Compromise of 1850 upset many northerners (there were five parts of this solution)? Fugitive Slave Law63. What political party was formed in the 1850s that was opposed to slavery expanding into new states (also, it is known as the party of Lincoln)? Republican64. What famous court case upheld the right of slave owners as property holders and disallowed slaves to file court cases? Scott v. Sanford (Dred Scott decision)65. Who led the massacre at Pottawatomie Creek, NE and led the raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry? John Brown
  8. 8. 66. What was one of the reasons southern states began to secede in 1860? The election of Abraham Lincoln as president. 767. What state was the first to secede from the Union in 1860? South Carolina68. The first shots of the Civil War were fired at…Fort Sumter69. Who was commander and general of the Confederate States (the south)? Robert E. Lee70. Who was commander and general of the Union States (the north) at the end of the war? Ulysses S. Grant71. What county in Alabama never seceded from the Union? Winston County72. What was the first capital of the Confederacy? Montgomery73. Why was Montgomery known as the “Cradle of the Confederacy”? It was where the Confederate States of America were organized74. Where was the capitol of the Confederacy moved to? Richmond, Virginia75. What state was actually split over the decision to secede and eventually became two states? Virginia (West Virginia)76. What was the first major battle of the Civil War? First Bull Run77. What battle resulted in the single bloodiest day of the Civil War? Antietam78. What major three-day battle did the Confederates (under Lee) lose in Pennsylvania? Gettysburg79. What famous speech did Lincoln give at a consecration ceremony where he reminded Americans of the basic ideal, "All men are created equal?" Gettysburg Address80. What battle in Mississippi resulted in a complete blockade of the south by the Union? Vicksburg81. What was Lincoln’s main purpose during the war? To save the union82. What did the Southern States (Confederacy) want during the war? State’s rights83. What Union general captured Atlanta and continued southeast to Savannah destroying everything in his path? General Tecumseh Sherman84. Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Grant in 1865? Appomattox Courthouse85. What did Lincoln suspend during the Civil War, which deprived citizens of the guarantee that they could not be imprisoned without appearing in court? Writ of Habeas Corpus86. What was the most famous of the Black military units to fight in the Civil War? 54th Massachusetts87. What act passed during the civil War stated that anyone who would agree to cultivate 160 acres of land for 5 years would receive the title to that land? Homestead Act farm = home88. What act gave each state thousands of acres of land based on the number of senators and representatives? Each state was required to build one public university Morill Land Grant Act grant = college89. What did Lincoln pass on Jan. 1, 1863 granting freedom to slaves in the Confederate states in rebellion? Emancipation Proclamation90. What type of farming existed in the south after the war where farmers were forced to share crops with landowners? Sharecropping
  9. 9. 91. What was the program called that returned southern states to the Union, rebuilt the Souths infrastructure, and attempted to protect the rights of free blacks? Reconstruction92. What was the name of the Bureau that was intended to aid both blacks and whites after the Civil War by providing clothing, food and money to organize schools for black children and adults? The Freedman’s Bureau93. What were the laws called passed by southern states attempting to control freedmen and keeping them in a subservient position literally making them 2nd class citizens? Black Codes94. What were northerners called who moved to the South, voted Republican, and were scorned by southerners after the Civil War? Carpetbaggers95. What were southerners called who voted Republican after the Civil War? Scalawags 896. What southern secret society emerged during the Reconstruction that harassed, tormented, and killed blacks demanding equality? Ku Klux Klan97. What man served as president during Reconstruction and whose legacy (as president) is remembered as being very corrupt? President Grant98. What congressional solution resulted in Hayes winning the presidential election in 1876 and Reconstruction ending? Compromise of 187799. What were the laws called passed in southern states after Reconstruction that stripped African Americans of basic rights like voting? Jim Crow Laws (separate facilities, poll taxes, literacy tests)00. What type of farming existed in the south after the war where farmers rented and to grow crops? Tenant farming01. What 19th century technological innovation led to the rapid settlement of the western territories? Railroads02. Where did the Union Pacific and Central pacific railroad tracks meet? Promontory, Utah03. The Homestead Act, the discovery of gold in the west and the transcontinental led to war with what people? The Native Americans04. What animal was hunted and heavily relied upon by the Native Americans of the Great Plains? Buffalo05. Many Native Americans were forced to live on... reservations06. What was the name of the act where the United States government attempted to settle Indians on plots of land to farm? Dawes Act07. What was the name of the religious ritual that the Sioux nation believed would bring back the buffalo and return the Native American tribes to their land? The Ghost Dance.08. What event resulted in over 200 unarmed Sioux being massacred by U.S. troops in 1890? Massacre at Wounded Knee09. That was the name of the process that developed a faster and more efficient way of making steel? The Bessemer Process10. What types of industry was Alabama involved in during the late 1800s especially around Birmingham? Steel11. What Alabama city became an important shipping center for industry? Mobile
  10. 10. 12. How as the plow improved during the late 1800s? Plowed several furrows at once.13. Why did the open ranges used by cattle disappear? Barbwire14. How did cattle ranchers move their beef back to eastern markets? long drives, train15. What types of new equipment was developed for farming in the late 1800s? Cornhuskers, corn binders, steam powered threshers16. List three complaints of farmers in the late 1800s. Decline in crop prices, tariffs, deflation17. How did the farmers organize themselves to fight big business? Farmers Alliance18. What was the name given to the farmers who organized themselves politically during this period? The Grange19. What party formed to address the concerns of farmers and other reformers? The Populist Party or Populist Movement20. What did the boll weevil cause to happen to farmers in the South? It caused them to begin planting other crops21. Who invented the light bulb and electric generators? Thomas Edison22. Who invented the telephone? Alexander Graham Bell23. The only supplier for a particular industry is known as a… Monopoly24. What were the captains of industry referred to during the late 1800s? Robber Barons 925. List three important captains of industry during this time period. Carnegie, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt26. Which of the robber barons owned the Standard Oil Company and created a monopoly in the oil industry? John D. Rockefeller27. Which of the robber barons owned the New York Central railroad? Cornelius Vanderbilt28. Who was the captain of the steel industry, owned railroads, and known for his contributions to education and colleges? Andrew Carnegie29. What theory was used to promote competition in the marketplace by stating that only the strongest businesses will survive? Social Darwinism30. What was the idea Andrew Carnegie that stated the wealthy promoted should give back riches to the community? Gospel of Wealth31. What novelist wrote many fictional stories promoting the "rags to riches" theme? Horatio Alger32. What types of labor problems did early unions try and correct? Unsafe working conditions, low wages, shorter working hours33. A number limit set up by laws to limit annual immigration. Quota34. What type of immigration was banned altogether in the 1920s leading to the Emergency Quota Act? Asian immigration35. Why did the American public support immigration restrictions? There was a fear of foreign influences.36. What was the movement called which promoted change in government, business, and social welfare in order to fight corruption in big businesses and government? Progressive Movement
  11. 11. 37. What did Theodore Roosevelt call journalists who were intent on exposing corruption at the turn of the century? Muckrakers38. What novel, written by Upton Sinclair, was highly acclaimed for exposing problems in the meatpacking industry? The Jungle39. What journalist wrote an expose on Standard Oil? Ida Tarbell40. What amendment to the Constitution introduced an income tax? 16th41. What amendment made the election of senators by popular vote? 17th42. What amendment introduced prohibition as a national law? 18th43. The stoppage of making selling and transporting of alcohol is known as… Prohibition44. What amendment gave women the right to vote and made the U.S. more democratic? 19th45. What president introduced important conservation methods to preserve millions of acres of western lands called the National arks System, established the Food and Drug Act and had the Square Deal policy? Theodore Roosevelt46. What act was passed during Wilsons tenure that was intended to break up monopolies? Clayton Anti-Trust Act47. How did Wilson change the banking system in the United States in 1913? Established the Federal Reserve System48. What commission was set up by Wilson to monitor the practices of businesses? Federal Trade Commission49. Who was the African-American who encouraged blacks to seek social justice and equality and was an early leader of the NAACP? W.E.B. DuBois50. What was the movement called that DuBois lead? Niagara Movement51. Who was the African American who encouraged blacks to learn a trade and also founded the Tuskegee Institute in 1881? Booker T. Washington 1052. What African American man was famous for his work as an agricultural scientist? George Washington Carver53. What famous Supreme Court decision upheld segregation in 1896? Plessy v. Ferguson (separate but equal)54. The United States joined European nations in a race to conquest smaller, "uncivilized" nations and to gain access to their resources and markets. This was known as ____________________. Imperialism55. What was the purpose of imperialism? To expand your country and economic gain56. What territory did the U.S. in the Pacific Ocean annex in 1898? Hawaii57. What name was given to the sensationalistic journalism that served as a major cause of the Spanish-American War? Yellow journalism58. What war did the U.S. become involved in 1898 partly as a result of yellow journalism? Spanish-American War59. What group of volunteers did Theodore Roosevelt lead in the famous charge at the Battle of San Juan Hill in the Spanish American War? Rough Riders60. What group of islands in the south Pacific did the U.S. gain control over as a result of the defeat of the Spanish? Philippines
  12. 12. 61. What was the name of the policy that United States Secretary of State John Hay promoted that would keep China open to trade for all nations? Open Door Policy62. President Roosevelt led the movement to build what canal in Central America? Panama Canal63. What was the name of the man who virtually eradicated mosquito carried diseases in the Panama Canal area by sanitizing and draining areas of standing water? William C. Gorgas64. What addendum to the Monroe Doctrine did Theodore Roosevelt justify American intervention in the South American nations in trouble make? Roosevelt Corollary65. Why did Woodrow Wilson pursue antitrust legislation? To keep businesses from controlling prices and competition66. What is the term that describes the foreign policy of the United States between World War I and World War II? Isolationism67. What were the long term causes of the First World War? Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism, Alliances68. Who were the Central Powers or Triple Alliance? Germany, Austria- Hungary, Ottoman Empire69. Who were the Allied Powers or Triple Entente? France, Britain, U.S., Russia, Italy70. What was the immediate cause of WWI? The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand71. What was the Lusitania? A ship that was sunk by a German U-boat that killed 128 American’s and led to anti-German feelings in the United States72. Why did the U.S. enter the war? Sinking of the Lusitania, the Zimmerman Note, German aggression at sea and the Russian Revolution73. What types of technological innovations were used in WWI? Tank, submarine, poison gas and the use of the airplane for fighting74. What type of fighting took place in World War I? Trench warfare75. What was the area of land that lay between the opposing trenches called? No man’s land76. What were some of the new weapons used during WWI? Submarine, tank, machine gun an poisonous gas77. Who came up with the idea of the tank? British78. What type of technological innovation did the Germans bring to WWI? Submarine79. How did the United States raise money to fund World War I? By selling government bonds 1180. What treaty ended WWI? Treaty of Versailles81. What were some of the demands of the Treaty of Versailles? Germany had to admit the war was their fault, they had to pay war reparations and they had to decrease the size of its military. Germany also lost overseas colonies and part of its’ land
  13. 13. 82. What were the consequences of WWI? Germany gave up parts of its’ land, Austria-Hungarian Empire broken up, United States establishes the draft83. What acts contributed to the Nativist hatred of immigrants especially during and after WWI? Espionage and sedition84. Name several groups of people who benefited from the diminished workforce during WWI. Women, African-Americans, Mexican Americans85. Which country refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles because the League of Nations was included in it? United States86. Name the organization in which the nations of the world would join together to ensure security and peace for all members (14 points). League of Nations87. Which president supported the League of Nations? Woodrow Wilson88. Which political party rejected the League of Nations? Republicans89. What period in American History do flappers, prohibition, the Jazz Age and bootleggers characterize? The Roaring 20’s90. African American literary awakening of the 1920s. Harlem Renaissance91. This type of music grew out of African American music in the south, especially ragtime and blues. Jazz92. What type of age is the 1920s referred to as? Jazz Age93. What period of time is characterized by the jazz age, Model T and flappers? The Roaring 20’s94. African American author of "Their Eyes were Watching God", Zora Neale Hurston95. List three leading poets/writers of the Harlem Renaissance. Claude McKay, Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes96. Who was the extremely talented black jazz trumpet player during the jazz age? Louis Armstrong97. Who is the Alabama born man who composed and popularized many blues songs? W. C. Handy98. Who utilized the assembly line in his production of automobiles? Henry Ford99. What was the development of suburbs during the 1920’s is associated with? The availability of automobiles.00. Migration of blacks from the South to the North for jobs. Great Migration01. By 1922, this organizations membership had grown to about 100,000 and by 1924 to 4 million. Ku Klux Klan02. An intense fear of communism and other extreme ideas that gripped the U.S. during the 1920s. Red Scare03. Trial in which two immigrants were given an unfair trial due to their ethnic background and were eventually put to death. Sacco and Vanzetti04. Name of the summer in 1919 in which race riots erupted in about 25 cities nationwide. Red Summer05. List several technological innovations in the 1920s. Cars, planes, home appliances06. People who made and smuggled alcohol illegally during prohibition were known as…Bootleggers07. Illegal bars that flourished during prohibition. Speakeasies08. What amendment repealed the 18th amendment making alcohol legal again? 21st Amendment
  14. 14. 1209. Court Case over the teaching the theory of evolution in the classroom. Scopes Trial10. What lead to the growth of the electrical industry in the 1920’s? electrical appliances11. What lead to the growth of the suburbs in the 1920s? the automobile12. What brought an end to the Roaring 20’s and began The Great Depression? The crash of the stock market13. During the Great Depression, this made farmers unable to repay their debts for land and machinery. Falling farm prices14. Allowed investors to purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price (10-15%) and borrow the rest. Buying on margin15. The severe economic decline that lasted from 1929 until the U.S.s entry into WWII in 1941. Great Depression16. A region in the Great Plains where drought and dust storms took place for much of the 1930s. Dust Bowl17. What was the main cause of the Dust bowl? Severe Drought18. Who was president during the Great Depression and believed the economy would adjust naturally without interference form the government? Herbert Hoover19. Houses made out of cardboard paper or scrap metal. Hoovervilles20. What was the name of the president who originated the idea of the New Deal in order to help the U.S. get out of the Great Depression and was president during WWII? Franklin D. Roosevelt21. During his first 100 days Franklin D. Roosevelt pushed this program. The New Deal22. This public works project was created in 1933 to help farmers and create jobs and hydroelectric power. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)23. What act raised the minimum wage to 40 cents per hour, set maximum work hours at 44 per week and ended child labor under the age of 16? Fair Labor Standards Act24. This program provided old-age pensions, disability payments and unemployment insurance. Social Security25. What program provided jobs for unskilled workers, mainly artists and musicians, and constructed government buildings and improved the national parks? Works Progress (WPA) Administration26. This program provided employment in the national parks for unmarried men to work. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)27. This New Deal program insured bank deposits up to $5,000 and gave the public confidence in the banks? Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)28. This program gave jobs building or improving roads, parks, airports, and other facilities to the unemployed. Civil Works Administration29. FDR created this in response to critics who said he was not doing enough for ordinary Americans. The Second New Deal30. What was the name of the radio broadcasts where Roosevelt spoke directly to the nation? Fireside Chats
  15. 15. 31. What were loans made to the government with the promise the government would pay back the interest called (ex. Savings bonds)? War Bonds32. Name the Axis Powers in WWII. Germany, Italy, Japan33. Name the Allies. U.S., Britain, France, USSR34. Leader of the U.S. during the war. F. Roosevelt35. Leader of the USSR during the war. Stalin36. Leader of Germany during the war. Hitler37. Leader of Great Britain during the war. Churchill 1338. Leader of Italy during the war. Mussolini39. Giving in to someones demands in order to keep peace. Appeasement40. Conference in which Britain and France agreed to let Hitler have the Sudetenland. Munich Conference41. On Sept. 1, 1939, Hitler invaded this country creating WWII. Poland42. A German tactic in which tanks, soldiers, and moving trucks rapidly attack and are there before the foe has time to react. Blitzkrieg43. The buying of munitions with payment up front and requiring the nations to provide their own transport from the United States was known as… Cash and Carry44. The lending, selling or leasing of war supplies to countries whose survival was vital to the United States defense was known as the …Lend-Lease Act45. This country began to expand in the Pacific, controlling most of China by 1940. Japan46. On Dec. 7, 1941 the Japanese attacked.... Pearl Harbor47. Women participated in the military during the war by belonging to which organizations? WASPS, WAVES, and WACs48. Under what order was the moving of all Japanese Americans away from military facilities? Executive Order 906649. What was the name of the black combat unit in the Army Air Corps that flew more than 500 missions during World War II? The Tuskegee Airmen50. After this battle, Japan was unable to launch any more offensive operations in the Pacific. Midway51. This battle was the turning point of the war in the east. Stalingrad52. U.S. military leader in Europe. Eisenhower53. What was the name of the operation in November 1942, when troops from Britain and the United States landed on the beaches of North Africa and began fighting the German army? Operation Torch54. What was the name of the largest amphibious (water) assault ever undertaken? Operation Overlord55. The great invasion of the beaches of Normandy by the allied troops was called… D-Day56. What did the Allied countries call Victory in Europe Day? V-E Day57. What was the systematic extermination (killing) of 6 million Jews by Nazi Germany? The Holocaust58. Places where prisoners of war and political prisoners are confined, usually under harsh conditions. Concentration camps
  16. 16. 59. What was the name of one of the more brutal concentration camps in Poland during the Holocaust? Auschwitz60. What was the name of the trials where Nazi War criminals were put on trial for war crimes during the Holocaust? Nuremberg Trials.61. U.S. military leader in the Pacific. McArthur62. Japanese suicide planes. Kamikazes63. Top-secret project to create the atomic bomb. Manhattan Project64. Where did the U.S. drop the atomic bomb? Hiroshima and Nagasaki Read over this 10 times and you will have a great chance to pass the exam!!!

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