AHSGE Chapter 5 1 Secession and Resistance Seceding – Leaving the_______________. Economic, Social, and Political Differences South a. Agrarian (______________) economy. b. Plantation system relied on_______________. c. ______________little, imported much, so opposed to high____________. North a. ________________economy based on manufacturing. b. Did not use ______________labor. c. Wanted high tariffs to protect own____________. Countdown to Secession • Missouri Compromise – Missouri admitted as ____________state, Maine admitted as _____________state to keep balance in Congress equal. No _______north of 36° 30 ° N parallel line. • Compromise of 1850 –_______________and unorganized western territory admitted as____________. Utah and New Mexico Territories would be open to slavery by _______________sovereignty (people living in the area would vote for _______________or not.) • Fugitive Slave Law – part of Compromise of 1850. _____________states had to _____________return escaped slaves to their __________in the South. • Kansas-Nebraska Act – Territories of Kansas and Nebraska could decide on _____________through popular sovereignty. Basically _____________the _______________Compromise. Conflicts erupted between pro-slavery and abolitionists who had moved into Kansas to sway the voting. Known as ______________Kansas. • Free–soilers – political party that ______________no slavery should be allowed in new_______________.Chunk # 1 Dred Scott (Turn to page 64. Read aloud 1857 – The Dred Scott Decision and complete the following. a. Dred Scott was a slave in . His owner took him onto Northern soil.
2 b. Scott lived in the Wisconsin Territory for years with his owner. c. Scott sued for his freedom, and his case reached the Court. d. The Supreme Court ruled: 1) Slaves were not according to the Constitution. 2) Dred Scott was not a citizen, so he had no right to bring a case to federal . 3) Just because Scott spent time on soil, it did not make him free.• Dred Scott Decision – Dred Scott was a _____________in Missouri taken to _______________(free territory). Sued for freedom when owner ________________to Missouri. Supreme Court said: 1.) Slaves were not_____________. 2.) Dred Scott had no right to bring case to _______________court. 3.) Just because he spent time on ______________soil did not make him free.• Abraham Lincoln – _______________(and future president) who ran for Senate seat in ______________against Stephen Douglas.• Freeport Doctrine – idea of Stephen ________________that stated if a _____________had no slave___________, it could not have slaves.• John Brown – fiery _____________who led a raid on ______________Ferry arsenal to arm the slaves for a_____________. Efforts to restore the Union• Abraham Lincoln - wins the presidency which ____________many southerners. Lincoln believes there should be no _______________in the new territories. He also stated that no state can ______________get out of the________________.• December 20, 1860- South Carolina _____________from the Union.
• Jefferson Davis – elected ______________of the 3 ________________States of America at a _____________held in Montgomery, Alabama (first _____________of the Confederacy.) Fort Sumter • Fort Sumter – Fort in South Carolina where the first ___________of the Civil War were____________. Battle Lines are Drawn • Lincoln calls for _______________troops to _____________the Union. • _____________states were Kentucky, Missouri and Maryland. • ______________of the Confederacy was moved from Montgomery, Alabama to _______________,Virginia. Pockets of Resistance to Secession in the South • Winston County, Alabama – County in North Alabama that stayed _______________(taking neither one side nor the other) throughout the war. • Western Counties of Virginia – Counties in Western Virginia felt more ____________to the ____________than those counties in Eastern Virginia. When Virginia __________from the Union, the western counties formed a separate____________. In 1863, this group of counties became the state of____________ _____________. The Union’s Military Strategy North Goal: ____________the Southern states to _________the Union. ____________the South.CHUNK #2 Pg 69. Graphic Organizer – Read the Union’s Military Strategy and name the three strategies of the Union army. Union Military Strategy
4 • Invade the _______________. • Destroy the South’s ability to __________war. • Lower ___________of the South so the South would no longer_________. • Anaconda Plan – Strategy to ___________the South in tighter and tighter circles until the Confederate ___________lines were cut and the fighting spirit of the South was____________. The Confederacys Military Strategy South Goal: Force the Union to recognize the __________of southern states to_______________.CHUNK # 3 Pg 69 Graphic Organizer – Read the Confederacy’s Military Strategy and name the three strategies of the Confederate army Confederate Military Strategies • ____________the War until the North ____________of fighting. • Convince _______________ nations to support the South in its goals. • Convince _________________nations to support the South in its goals. The Confederacy had two distinct advantages over the Union. 1. The South would fight a _____________war over terrain and in a _____________they were familiar with. 2. The South had better _______________and more _________________generals than the North. • Bull Run – The ____________battle of the Civil War. Both sides realized the war would be ______________and______________.