AHSGE Social Studies ch. 5 Secession and Resistance 1850-1861
Friday, January 29, 2010Agree Disagree 1. The Missouri Agree Disagree____ ____ Compromise ____ ____ allowed Maine to enter the union as a slave state and Missouri to enter as a free state.____ ____ 2. Free soilers believed ____ _____ no slavery should be allowed in the new territories.
Monday, February 1, 2010 Agree Disagree 1. The first Agree Disagree____ ____ shots of the ____ ____ Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter ____ ____ 2. Houston County, ____ _____ Alabama stayed neutral throughout the Civil War.
AHSGE Chapter 5 Secession and Resistance Seceding – Leaving the Union.Economic, Social, and Political DifferencesSouth• Agrarian (farming) economy.• Plantation system relied on slaves.• Manufactured little, imported much, so opposed to high tariffs.
North• Industrial economy based on manufacturing.• Did not use slave labor.• Wanted high tariffs to protect own products.
Countdown to SecessionNorthern as well as Southern states wereconcerned about territories in the Westeither becoming slave states or freestates (Balance of power in Congress)Missouri Compromise – Missouri admitted as slavestate, Maine admitted as free state to keep balancein Congress equal. No slaves north of 36° 30 ° Nparallel line.Compromise of 1850 – California and unorganizedwestern territory admitted as free. Utah and NewMexico Territories would be open to slavery bypopular sovereignty ( people living in the area wouldvote for slavery or not.) It had to do with theslavery issue.
Fugitive Slave Law – part ofCompromise of 1850. Northern stateshad to forcibly return escaped slavesto their owners in the South.
Kansas-Nebraska Act – Territories of Kansas and Nebraska could decide on slavery through popular sovereignty. Basically repealed the Missouri Compromise. Conflicts erupted between pro-slavery and abolitionists who had moved into Kansas to sway the voting. Known as Bleeding Kansas.
Free–soilers – political party thatbelieved no slavery should beallowed in new territory.Chunk # 1 Dred Scott. Turn to page 64. Read aloud 1857 – The Dred Scott Decision and complete the following.
Free–soilers – political party that believed noslavery should be allowed in new territory.Dred Scott Decision – Dred Scott was a slavein Missouri taken to Wisconsin (free territory).Sued for freedom when owner returned toMissouri. Supreme court said: 1.) Slaves were not citizens.2.) Dred Scott had no right to bring case to federal court.3.) Just because he spent time on free soil did not make him free.
Abraham Lincoln – Republican (and futurepresident) who ran for Senate seat inIllinois against Stephen Douglas.Freeport Doctrine – idea of StephenDouglas’ that stated if a territoryhad no slave laws, it could not have slaves.John Brown – fiery abolitionist who led a raid on Harper’s Ferry arsenal in Virginia to arm theslaves for a rebellion.
Efforts to restore the UnionAbraham Lincoln - wins the presidencywhich angers many southerners. Lincolnbelieves there should be no slavery in thenew territories. He also stated that nostate can lawfully get out of the Union. Hismain goal of the upcoming war would be tosave the Union
December 20, 1860-South Carolina secedesfrom the Union.Jefferson Davis – elected president of the ConfederateStates of America at aconvention held inMontgomery, Alabama(first capitol of theConfederacy.) The Confederacy wasestablished to protect state’s rights.
Review1. Explain the Kansas-Nebraska Act.2. What event caused South Carolina to secede from the Union? Why do you think the state felt they needed to do this?
Fort SumterFort Sumter – Fort in South Carolinawhere the first shots that began the CivilWar were fired. Battle Lines are DrawnLincoln calls for 75,000 troops to protectthe Union. Border states were Kentucky, Missouri andMaryland. Capital of the Confederacy was movedfrom Montgomery, Alabama to RichmondVirginia.
Pockets of Resistance to Secession in the SouthWinston County, Alabama – County in NorthAlabama that stayed neutral (taking neither oneside nor the other) throughout the war.Western Counties of Virginia – Counties inWestern Virginia felt more tied to the Unionthan those counties in Eastern Virginia. WhenVirginia seceded from the Union, the westerncounties formed a separate government.In 1863, this group of counties becamethe state of West Virginia.
The Union’s Military StrategyCHUNK #2 Pg 69. Graphic Organizer – Read the Union’s Military Strategy and name the three strategies of the Union army.
The Union’s Military StrategyNorth:Goal: Compel the Southern statesto rejoin the Union.Invade the South.Destroy the South’s ability towage war.Lower morale of the South so theSouth would no longer fight.
Anaconda Plan – Strategy to circle theSouth in tighter and tighter circles untilthe Confederate supply lines were cut andthe fighting spirit of the South wascrushed.
The Confederacys Military StrategyCHUNK # 3 Pg 69 Graphic Organizer – Read the Confederacy’s Military Strategy and name the three strategies of the Confederate army.
The Confederacys Military StrategySouth:Goal: Force the Union to recognizethe rights of southern states to secede.Prolong the War until the North tired offighting.Convince European nations to support theSouth in its goals.
The Confederacy had two distinct advantages over the Union.1. The South would fight a defensive war over terrain and in a climate they were familiar with.2. The South had better educated and more competent generals than the North. Bull Run – The first battle of the Civil War. Both sides realized the war would be long and hard.
Review1. Which states were considered the border states and why?2. Explain the Anaconda Plan?