1 AHSGE Chapter 4 Growth of a New Nation Land Acquisitions and ExplorationsCHUNK #1 Turn to page 47. Read Land Acquisitions and Explorations. Using the map provided under your desk, and a dry erase marker, circle and label each area of land acquisition mentioned in your book. • Treaty of Paris 1783 – Gave the United States all the land __________to the Mississippi River, to ____________in the North and to the northern border of ____________Florida. • Land Ordinance of 1785 – Land area from ___________River to the Mississippi River would be made into new states. When required population reached, the territory could apply for______________. • Northwest Ordinance – Creation of 3 to 5 __________in the Northwest Territory. Prohibited in ____________the territory and guaranteed freedom of religion, trial by jury and access to free _____________education. • Louisiana Purchase – bought from_____________. More than _____________the size of the United States. • Reservations – tiny ____________of land where Native American’s were forced to live because of westward________________. • Lewis and Clark Expedition – Expedition to find a ___________route to the _____________Ocean. • Sacajawea – Shoshone woman who was ____________and guide for _____________and Clark. • 1819 – Year ___________became a state. President James Monroe • ___________experienced political ___________during his presidency. • Era of Good Feelings – name for ___________presidency because of national unity and _____________mood of the country. • Monroe Doctrine – policy that stated the ______________ ________________ would not interfere in the ___________affairs of European countries and would ____________any European intervention in the countries in ___________and South America.
2 Important Inventions • Eli Whitney (cotton gin) – inventor of a machine that _____________the seeds from the cotton. • Interchangeable parts – in___________, each part was produced with such precision that it could _______with all the other parts. Became the basis for ______________development in the U.S. Henry Clay’s American System • Henry Clay was a prominent _____________from Kentucky. • American System – plan to propose a (1) ______________tariff (a tax on ___________to keep American manufacturing growing). • Protective Tariff of 1816 – raised ___________on imports by 20%. • (2) Internal Improvements – better __________and roadways funded by the federal government’s _____________revenue. • (3) A Strong National Bank - 1st Bank of U.S. ___________not renewed. States started issuing their own bank notes (__________money). Many different bank notes made ____________difficult. Clay encouraged Congress to ___________2nd Bank of the United States to stabilize _____________and hold government funds.Chunk #2 Turn to page 50 . Read the three bullets and the paragraph at the top of the page. Turn and Talk with your neighbor and answer the following question. What did Clay wish to accomplish with his vision? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ The tariff would ______________the growing industries in the _____________. The money from the tariff would pay for _____________in roads and canals. A strong national bank would _______________this flow of commerce. Roads and Canals • National Road – Congress approved and ____________road which stretched westward from Maryland to________________.
3 President Andrew Jackson • First man to rise from childhood ___________to the presidency. Represented the “_______________Man”. • Jacksonian Democracy –during his term ______________qualifications for voting were_____________.CHUNK #3 Turn to page 52. Read the first paragraph under President Andrew Jackson. On the lines provided below List below a fictitious example of the Spoils System. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ • Spoils System – The policy of allowing friends and supporters to have high _________________in government. • Doctrine of Nullification – came about when ______________ ______________protested the high tariffs ______________on British goods. Stated that if Congress passed a ____________that was harmful to a state, that state was not obligated to __________it. The Indian Removal Act • Indian Removal Act – Jackson’s order for the forced __________of five Native American Nations to _____________in order to make room for white_____________. • Trail of Tears – The forced __________of the _____________Nation to reservations in Oklahoma (_________miles). Many died from_____________, starvation and exposure. The Trails to the West • Oregon Trail – Trail to ____________Coast. • Mormon Trail – Trail to _____________that Mormons took to escape persecution for their __________beliefs (polygamy – more than one__________). • California Trail – Trail taken by miners in search of _____________in California due to the California Gold Rush of 1849 ( __________________of people to California).
4 Texas Independence • Stephen Austin – brought a group of settlers to settle ___________. • General Antonio Santa Anna – _______________general who became dictator and did away with Mexican ______________and tightened his control of U.S. _______________in Texas. • Sam Houston – Leader of __________to gain back _______________over Santa Anna. • The Alamo – Spanish ___________where Santa Anna’s troops fought Sam Houston’s men ____________all of them. • Battle of San Jacinto – Battle where Texans ____________Santa Anna and took him___________. In exchange for his freedom he would recognize the ____________of Texas. • Texans applied to be ____________(added) to the United States. The Mexican –American War •Manifest Destiny – The belief that it was __________will for the United States to expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. • New Mexico – the area between Texas and ___________that President Polk wanted to________.CHUNK # 4 Turn to page 54. Read the first paragraph under The Mexican- American War and answer the following questions. What event caused Polk to ask Congress to declare war on Mexico. Do you think the event was premeditated? If so, why? _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ • Mexican-American War – Mexican president refused to meet to talk about _________New Mexico. Polk __________General Zachary Taylor to move his troops into the ___________territory. Mexican troops crossed Rio __________River and attacked Taylor’s forces. Congress __________war. U.S. marched into __________City and the Mexicans___________. • Mexico gave up ½ its land and sold the territories of ___________and New Mexico to the U.S. This fulfilled the country’s ____________Destiny.
5Literature in the United States • Noah Webster – produced the first American___________. • Ralph Waldo Emerson – essayist and poet known for his eloquent speech and ___________language and a leader in the _______________movement. This movement believed • ________could be found beyond the physical world and that all humans share in the spiritual ________of creation. • Henry David Thoreau – writer and __________who wrote Walden and “Civil Disobedience”. • Walt Whitman – poet who emphasized the great worth of each____________. • Nathaniel Hawthorne – novelist who wrote about sin, __________and atonement. The __________Letter and The House of Seven________. • Washington Irving – First American writer to gain international__________. Wrote short stories “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of ___________Hollow” • Edgar Allen Poe – master of the _________story. Famous for his mysterious and __________tales such as “The Tell-Tale Heart and the poem “The__________”. • James Fenimore Cooper – novelist who became known as the first great _________writer. Wrote The Last of the__________. • Emily Dickinson – one of the most influential poets of the U.S. Wrote about________, death and____________. • Herman Melville – based his novels on his experiences in the U.S.__________. Wrote ________Dick. • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow – used __________styles and themes in his writings. Wrote “Paul ____________Ride”.Social Reform Movements • Horace Mann – advocated the ___________of both men and women through ___________funding. • Dorothea Dix – improvement of _________institutions and_______. • Temperance Movement – movement to _______the use of________. • Abolition Movement – movement to abolish (put an end to)_______. • Harriet Tubman – hero of the ________movement who helped hundreds of slaves to escape through the __________Railroad (a
network of _________who helped slaves escape to the north and___________). 6• Frederick Douglas – former ________who was very well spoken. Became the most prominent African American ________for abolition.• Harriet Beecher Stowe – helped the ________cause with the publishing of her book ________Tom’s Cabin ( a fictional account of the _________of slavery.).• Sojourner Truth –_________former slave who was very eloquent and charismatic ________for abolition.• William Lloyd Garrison - _________abolitionist who was the founder of the anti-slavery newspaper The_________.• Women’s Rights Movement – movement to give __________the same rights as men. Started by Elizabeth Cady Stanton (organized the first womens ________convention) and Susan B. Anthony (supported the_________, abolition and women’s rights movements).• Seneca Falls Convention – meeting for women’s rights where “__________of Sentiments and ____________” was written. Believed men and _________were created equal.• Suffragettes – women who ___________the right to vote.• 19th amendment – gave women the right to__________.