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Ch. 01 Intro to A & P
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Ch. 01 Intro to A & P

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Anatomical terms, Organ systems, Body Regions

Anatomical terms, Organ systems, Body Regions

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  • 1. Chapter 1 Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • 2. Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – study of structure/ location Physiology – study of function Structure is always related to function
  • 3. Levels of Organization
  • 4. Levels of Organization Organelle – mitochondrion, nucleus Cell – bone building cell (osteoblast) Tissue – bone (connective tissue) Organ – thigh bone (femur) Organ System – skeletal system Organism - human
  • 5. Homeostasis Body’s maintenance of a stable internal environment
    • Homeostatic Mechanisms – monitor aspects of the internal environment and corrects any changes
      • Receptors - provide information
      • Control center - tells what a particular value should be
      • Effectors - causes responses to change internal environment
  • 6. Organ Systems
  • 7. Organ Systems
  • 8. Organ Systems
  • 9. Anatomical Terminology Anatomical Position – body standing erect, facing forward, upper limbs at the sides, palms facing forward
    • Terms of Relative Position
      • Superior versus Inferior
      • Anterior versus Posterior
      • Medial versus Lateral
      • Ipsilateral versus Contralateral
      • Proximal versus Distal
      • Superficial versus Deep
  • 10. Body Sections
  • 11. Body Cavities
  • 12. Body Cavities Right and left are always reversed in anatomical drawings! Middle of sternum (heart, trachea, esophagus)
  • 13. Serous Membranes
    • Thoracic Membranes
      • Visceral pleura
      • Parietal pleura
      • Visceral pericardium
      • Parietal pericardium
    Visceral layer – covers (touches) an organ Parietal layer – lines a cavity or body wall
    • Abdominopelvic Membranes
      • Visceral peritoneum
      • Parietal peritoneum
  • 14. Serous Membranes
  • 15. Serous Membranes
  • 16. Body Regions These are the words we play Taber says with 

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