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07 Fractures
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07 Fractures



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  • 1. Fractures Pages 192-193
  • 2. Types of Fractures
    • First classified as either closed or compound (open)
    • Open- bone is exposed to the outside by opening in skin
    • Closed- protected by uninjured skin
    Comminuted Spiral Oblique Transverse Greenstick Avulsion Compression Osteoporotic Fractures
  • 3. Osteoporotic fracture
    • Occurs because bones have weakened
    • Usually in older people (esp. women)
    • Most common in hips, wrists, pelvis
  • 4. Compression Fracture
    • Bones compress upon themselves
    • Especially in the spine
    • Often from high impact
    • Usually in the elderly
  • 5. Avulsion fracture
    • Small fragment of bone detaches
    • Ligaments/tendons pull the bone off
    • Usually in ankles, knees, and hands
  • 6. Greenstick Fracture
    • Children only
    • Partial break and bend in the bone
    • How a fresh twig would bend and splinter
  • 7. Transverse Fracture
    • Simple break cleanly across
  • 8. Oblique Fracture
    • Break is at an angle across the bone
    • If bones stay in place no setting is required
    • It hurts if they have to set it 
    • Sometimes misdiagnosed as a spiral fracture
  • 9. Spiral Fracture
    • Occurs when people fall on a limb in a twisting motion
    • Produces sharp triangular bone ends
    • Sometimes misdiagnosed as an oblique fracture
  • 10. Comminuted Fracture
    • Bones break into many pieces
    • Usually from a high energy trauma
    • Can shorten the length of the bone because of the crushing effect
  • 11. Name that fracture!
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  • 16. Happened in a twisting motion
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