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07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
07 Fractures
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07 Fractures

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  • 1. Fractures Pages 192-193
  • 2. Types of Fractures <ul><li>First classified as either closed or compound (open) </li></ul><ul><li>Open- bone is exposed to the outside by opening in skin </li></ul><ul><li>Closed- protected by uninjured skin </li></ul>Comminuted Spiral Oblique Transverse Greenstick Avulsion Compression Osteoporotic Fractures
  • 3. Osteoporotic fracture <ul><li>Occurs because bones have weakened </li></ul><ul><li>Usually in older people (esp. women) </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in hips, wrists, pelvis </li></ul>
  • 4. Compression Fracture <ul><li>Bones compress upon themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Especially in the spine </li></ul><ul><li>Often from high impact </li></ul><ul><li>Usually in the elderly </li></ul>
  • 5. Avulsion fracture <ul><li>Small fragment of bone detaches </li></ul><ul><li>Ligaments/tendons pull the bone off </li></ul><ul><li>Usually in ankles, knees, and hands </li></ul>
  • 6. Greenstick Fracture <ul><li>Children only </li></ul><ul><li>Partial break and bend in the bone </li></ul><ul><li>How a fresh twig would bend and splinter </li></ul>
  • 7. Transverse Fracture <ul><li>Simple break cleanly across </li></ul>
  • 8. Oblique Fracture <ul><li>Break is at an angle across the bone </li></ul><ul><li>If bones stay in place no setting is required </li></ul><ul><li>It hurts if they have to set it  </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes misdiagnosed as a spiral fracture </li></ul>
  • 9. Spiral Fracture <ul><li>Occurs when people fall on a limb in a twisting motion </li></ul><ul><li>Produces sharp triangular bone ends </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes misdiagnosed as an oblique fracture </li></ul>
  • 10. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>Bones break into many pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Usually from a high energy trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Can shorten the length of the bone because of the crushing effect </li></ul>
  • 11. Name that fracture!
  • 12. &nbsp;
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  • 15. &nbsp;
  • 16. Happened in a twisting motion
  • 17. &nbsp;
  • 18. &nbsp;

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