TDLR Well Driller/Pump Installer Program, W.L. Stribling, Project Manager, Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation
Well Drillers/Pump Installers/Abandoned Well Notification and Referral Program
The Primary Goals of the Program Groundwater protection License qualified drillers and pump installers Establish and enforce minimum well construction, well plugging, and pump installation standards Administration of the Abandoned Well Notification and Enforcement Program Regulation through cooperation with state and federal agencies and local governments.
WELL DRILLER/PUMP INSTALLER CONTACT INFORMATIONDepartment website: www.license.state.tx.usProgram main line: 512/463-7880Program fax: 512/463-8616Program email: firstname.lastname@example.orgCustomer Service: 512/463-6599Customer Service email: email@example.com
Available on the Department’s website: Report Violations/File Complaints on-line Well Construction and Plugging Specifications Texas Well Report Submission and Retrieval System link TCEQ Well Report Viewer (for wells drilled before 2003) Water Well Driller Advisory Council information Well Reports Plugging Reports Undesirable Water and Constituent Reports License Applications Apprentice Registration Applications Tex. Admin. Code Chapter 76 (Rules) Tex. Occupations Code Chapters 1901 (Drillers) & 1902 (Pump Installers) Variance Request Forms Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Upcoming continuing education courses Examination References Report Abandoned Wells
Texas Well Report Submission and Retrieval System You can enter your well reports online, you will use your license number (without the letters) for you User ID and a passcode issued by the department. After entering the well report you will be given a tracking number and the option to print the well report. We recommend that you write the tracking number on your customer’s invoice, this way if you ever need to find the well report you can pull the customers file and enter the tracking number into the search well report by tracking number field and you have the well report, no need to maintain a copy of the well report in your records. If you drill multiple wells (i.e. soil boring, geothermal wells or monitoring wells) at the same location and all the wells are the same depth and completed the same, then you only need to fill out one well report and write the number of wells drilled in the comment area.
Driller License Designations 76.600 (d)A – Master Well DrillerW – Water Well DrillerM – Monitor Well DrillerC – Closed Loop Geothermal Well DrillerD – Dewatering Well DrillerN – Injection Well Driller
Pump Installer License Designations 76.600 (d)I – Master Pump InstallerL – Windmills, Hand Pumps, and Pump JacksP – Single Phase Pump InstallerK – Three Phase Pump InstallerT – Line-shaft Turbine Pump Installer
Pump Column 76.1000 (m) Pump column material that has been used in the production of oil or gas or has been exposed to contamination may not be placed in a well regulated by this department.
Apprenticeship Requirements 76.206 Supervisor must be within 1 hour travel time; Supervisor must visit the site once per day (drillers); Apprentice may not perform or offer outside of apprenticeship; Apprentice may be supervised by other licensees with same company as supervisor; With each renewal, supervisor must provide written progress report evaluating performance compared to established training program; To renew a registration as an apprentice, a registrant must complete a 1 hour department approved continuing education course dedicated to the WD/PI statutes and rules. A licensee may not supervise more than (3) apprentices at any
Local Authority76.1000. (a) Wells shall be completed in accordance with the following specifications and in compliance with the local groundwater conservation district rules or incorporated city ordinances:
Groundwater Districts As you will notice on the following map, there has been the addition of many Groundwater Districts. Be sure to find out before drilling if the well is located in a district. If so, please contact the district prior to drilling.
76.708. Responsibilities of the Licensee - Adherence toManufacturers Recommended Well Construction Materialsand Equipment(a) It shall be the responsibility of the licensee to select the correct slot size for manufacturer well screen in a domestic (household use) water well to prevent sand/sediments from entering the well unless waived by the landowner or person having the well drilled in writing.(b) It shall be the responsibility of the licensee to adhere to manufacturers recommended pump sizing and wiring specifications.(c) It shall be the responsibility of the licensee to select the proper hydraulic collapse pressure for casing to be installed.
76.703 Responsibilities of the Licensee – Standards ofCompletion for Public Water System Wells 76.703(1) The licensed driller shall, to the best of his or her abilities, ascertain whether a well which is to be drilled, deepened, or altered is intended for use as part of a public water system and shall comply with all applicable rules of the TCEQ under 30 TAC Chapter 290 and any other local codes or regional regulations. Questions should be directed to the TCEQ’s Water Utilities and Districts Section at 512/239-4691
Water Wells Located Within Public Water Supply Sanitary Easements76.1000(k)Water wells located within public water supply sanitaryeasements (150 feet) must be constructed to public water wellstandards pursuant to 30 TAC Chapter 290.
Drilling Fluids and Cuttings76.1000(f)Each licensed well driller drilling, deepening, or altering a well shall keep anydrilling fluids, tailings, cuttings, or spoils contained in such a manner so as toprevent spillage onto adjacent property not under the jurisdiction or controlof the well owner without the adjacent property owners’ written consent.76.1000(g)Each licensed well driller drilling, deepening, or altering a well shall preventthe spillage of any drilling fluids, tailings, cuttings, or spoils into any bodyof surface water.
Variance (a) If the party having the well drilled, deepened or altered, the licensed well driller, or the party, landowner or person drilling or plugging the well, finds any of the procedures prescribed by §§76.1000, 76.1001, 76.1002, 76.1003, 76.1004 and 76.1005 inapplicable, unworkable, or inadequate, combinations of the prescribed procedures or alternative procedures may be employed, provided that the proposed alternative procedures will prevent injury and pollution. (b) Written proposals to use combinations of prescribed procedures or alternative procedures shall be considered application for a variance and must be submitted to the Department for review prior to their implementation, and also provide a copy of the variance to the local groundwater conservation district.
76.1000(h) Chlorination/Disinfection of WellsUnless waived by written request from the landowner, a new, repaired, orreconditioned well or pump installation or repair on a well used for humanconsumption shall be properly disinfected. The well shall be properlydisinfected with chlorine or other appropriate disinfecting agent under thecircumstances.A disinfecting solution with a minimum concentration of fifty(50) Milligrams per liter (mg/L) (ppm), shall be placed in the well as requiredby the American Water Works Association (AWWA), pursuant toANST/AWWA C654-87 and the United States Environmental ProtectionAgency (EPA).
76.702 Responsibilities of the Licensee and Landowner (Access Denied)76.702(a)(1) If well is not completed to established specifications.Where a landowner, or person having the well drilled, deepened, or altered, denies a licensed welldriller access to the well to complete the well to established standards and thereby precludes thedriller from performing his or her duties under the Texas Occupations Code, Chapters 1901 and1902 and this title, the well driller shall file with the Department a statement to that effect withinfive days of the denial. The landowner or person authorizing the well work must complete thewell to established standards within ten days of notification by the Department.76.702(e)(1) If undesirable water is encountered.Where a person or landowner having the well drilled, deepened, or altered denies a licenseddriller access to a well which requires plugging or completion or otherwise precludes the drillerfrom plugging or completing a well which has encountered undesirable water or constituents, thedriller shall, within 48 hours, file a signed statement to that effect with the Department andprovide a copy of the statement to the local groundwater conservation district.
Well construction In the following slide you will notice the proper completion of a well. It shows: The 10 feet of annular cement The sloping slab that extends 2 feet in all directions The casing extending 12 inches above land surface.
Setbacks The following slides show the proper distances for setback on septic tanks, drain fields and potential sources of contamination and; The proper well completion for reducing the setbacks.
76.1000(a)(6)(A)(B)(C) Exceptions To Property Line Distance Requirements(6) The following are exceptions to the property line distance requirement where: (A) groundwater conservation district rules are in place regulating the spacing of wells; (B) platted or deed restriction subdivision spacing of wells and on-site sewage systems are part of the planning; or (C) public wastewater treatment is provided and utilized by the landowner.
If A Well Driller Knowingly Encounters UndesirableWater or Constituents Overlying Or Underlying Fresh Water Or Is Producing Undesirable Water76.1001(3)(4) & 76.1002(b) & 76.1004 (a)(4)Bentonite grout may not be used if a water zone contains chlorides above onethousand five hundred (1500) parts per million (mg/L) or if hydrocarbons arepresent.The use of bentonite in well plugging operations also falls under the chlorideand hydrocarbon criteria.
Proper completion method to prevent commingling of aquifers andzones
Proper completion method to prevent commingling of aquifers and zones
Proper completion method for the production of undesirablewater
Abandoned and Deteriorated Water Wells (TAC Chapter 1901.255)
A view of the inside of an old abandoned hand dug well
Is this well abandoned? Can it be brought into compliance?The answer is yes and yes, see the next slide to find out why.
Abandoned well means…(§ 1901.255) …a well that is not in use. A well is considered tobe in use in the following cases: the well is not a deteriorated well and contains the casing, pump, and pump column in good condition; the well is not a deteriorated well and has been capped; the well is used in the normal course and scope and with the intensity and frequency of other similar users in the general community; or the owner is participating in the Conservation Reserve Program or similar governmental program.
Are 5 gallon buckets proper caps for wells?.....look at thebucket e r p rop Im Cap
Deteriorated Wells TAC 1901.255 (a) (2)"Deteriorated well" means a well that because of its condition, will cause or is likely to cause pollution of any water in this state, including groundwater.
Is the well properly completed? Let’s take a closer look on the nextslide.
Apparently not, no slab or sleeve and no annular cement! By the way, that would be 3 violations!!!
Well Plugging Specifications (Chapter 76.1004)
Large Hand Dug and Bored Wells……36-inches or greater in diameter to one hundred (100) feet: May be plugged by backfilling with compacted clay or caliche to surface. All removable debris shall be removed from the well. If the well contains standing water, it shall be chlorinated by adding chlorine bleach at a rate of one (1) gallon of bleach for every five hundred (500) gallons of standing water. Leave fill mounded to compensate for settling (recommend cement plug below ground level).
This is what can happen if these large diameter wells are left unplugged.Oh and by the way, the horse survived, with the help of the fire department And two winch trucks.
Chapter 76.1005Wells drilled prior to June 1, 1983, will be grandfathered withoutfurther modification unless the well is found to be a threat topublic health and safety or to groundwater quality.The following will be considered a threat to public health andsafety or to groundwater quality:
1. the annular space around the well casing is open at the land surface;2. an unprotected opening in the well casing that is above ground level;3. top of well casing is below known flood level and not appropriately sealed;4. deteriorated well casing allowing commingling of aquifers or zones of water of different quality;5. water wells with the well head below ground level unless the Department grants a variance.6. water wells located within fifty (50) feet of a source of contamination which affects the quality of water produced by the well. (Amended December 1. 2006) The following slide shows the proper well completion method for wells drilled before June 1, 1983.
Dry Holes Chapter 76.1004 (c)Wells which do not encounter groundwater (dry holes) may beplugged by backfilling with drill cuttings from total depth towithin two (2) feet of the surface (or plow depth); where a two(2) feet cement plug shall be poured.
Driller and/or Pump Installer ResponsibilitiesTexas Occupations Code Chapters 1901 and 1902 requires:Each licensed driller or pump installer who knows of anabandoned or deteriorated well shall notify the landowner orperson possessing the well that well must be plugged or capped inorder to avoid injury or pollution.The 16 TEX. ADMIN. CODE Ch. 76 Rules specify wellre-completion standards if the landowner intends on keepingand using a well in this category.
Plugging, Capping Or Re-completion Operations (Chapter 76.702)The abandoned and/or deteriorated well(s) must be plugged,capped or re-completed by a licensed driller, licensed pumpinstaller or the landowner themselves.
Groundwater Conservation District (GCD) Enforcement Action Authority Abandoned and/or Deteriorated Wells (effective September 1, 2003)The 78th Legislature authorized GCDs to enforce compliancewith Tex. Occupations Code Chapter 1901.255 related toabandoned and deteriorated wells within the boundaries of theDistrict.GCDs can conduct abandoned/deteriorated well investigations,bring enforcement actions against well owners, or refercomplaints and investigations to the Department.
And that concludes the required waterwell driller and pump installer 1 hour statutesand rules continuing education course.