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How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza
How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza
How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza
How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza
How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza
How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza
How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza
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How Many Civilians Have Been Killed in Gaza

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How many civilians were killed in Gaza? Getting the numbers right is important -- not only for retrospective judgment, but also for future reference, particularly with regard to further minimizing …

How many civilians were killed in Gaza? Getting the numbers right is important -- not only for retrospective judgment, but also for future reference, particularly with regard to further minimizing civilian casualties. Read the article for context and analysis by Middle East expert Dr. David Pollock: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/how-many-civilians-have-been-killed-in-gaza

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  • 1. No other number is as contentious as the ratio of civilians to combatants killed. –Jodi Rudoren in the New York Times “ ” HOW MANY CIVILIANS HAVE BEEN KILLED GAZA? read the article on WashingtonInstitute.org
  • 2. HOW MANY CIVILIANS HAVE BEEN KILLED GAZA? read the article on WashingtonInstitute.org The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights reports that Source: OCHA Gaza Emergency Situation Report, http://bit.ly/1oXc5i1, as of Aug. 19 72% of Palestinian fatalities are civilians 16.7% (329) Unidentified/No Status 71.7% (1,417) Civilians 11.6% (230) Armed Group Members The official report cautions that “Data on fatalities...[is] based on preliminary information, and is subject to change based on further verifications.”
  • 3. HOW MANY CIVILIANS GAZA? read the article on WashingtonInstitute.org The Israel Defense Forces claim that 1,068 terrorists were killed in targeted attacks. That would mean 1 in 2 deaths was a combatant. TERRORISTS “TARGETED” BY IDF Hamas, 253 Palestinian Islamic Jihad, 147 Other Organizations, 65 Unknown Affiliation, 603 Source: IDF Blog, http://bit.ly/VjWXo2, Aug. 5 HAVE BEEN KILLED
  • 4. HOW MANY CIVILIANS GAZA? read the article on WashingtonInstitute.org DEFINITIONS MATTER 83% civilian deaths Palestinian Centre for Human Rights 40% civilian deaths B’Tselem The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories “Israeli group B’Tselem has adopted the most conserva-tive approach, saying it is only putting women, children and men over 60...in the civilian category for now.”-AP “The PCHR says anyone who is not effectively participating in a military operation is a civilian, including a Hamas fighter who is killed at home while taking a break.”-AP Sources: PCHR, http://bit.ly/UcfwtE, updated Aug. 9; B’Tselem, http://bit.ly/1upbyO8, through Aug. 10; AP, http://bit.ly/1ysTXCB, Aug. 8 HAVE BEEN KILLED
  • 5. HOW MANY CIVILIANS GAZA? read the article on WashingtonInstitute.org Al-Jazeera’s “Naming the Dead” List Source: Al-Jazeera, http://aje.me/1qnqjvJ, as of Aug. 13 specifies age and sex for 1,650 Palestinian names: Female Male 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-70 70-74 75-79 80+ MEN aged 20-29 account for 28% of them. This is the demographic most likely to be militants. HAVE BEEN KILLED
  • 6. HOW MANY CIVILIANS GAZA? read the article on WashingtonInstitute.org The New York Times earlier assessed that the population most likely to be militants... is also the most overrepresented in the death toll. Men Aged 20-29 Men Aged 20-29 9% 34% Source: New York Times, http://nyti.ms/1obpUPC, Aug. 5 “ ” GAZA POPULATION GAZA FATALITIES HAVE BEEN KILLED
  • 7. In the end, the number or proportion of civilian casualties on either side cannot alone determine right or wrong—or even degree of responsibility for this dimension of carnage. –David Pollock The Washington Institute “ ” Read more “Six Ways Hamas Could Limit Civilian Casualties” HOW MANY CIVILIANS HAVE BEEN KILLED GAZA? read the article on WashingtonInstitute.org

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