Civil Engineering Skills - Introduction

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Introduction to the Civil Engineering Skills module at the University of Sheffield, UK.

Introduction to the Civil Engineering Skills module at the University of Sheffield, UK.

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  • Channel 41
  • This was a landmark Millennium project, which comprised building the world’s largest biomes, built in a disused quarry in Cornwall in a quiet rural setting in south-west England.
  • In addition to the technical challenges associated with building a lightweight structure spanning over 100m, the designers had to:
    ensure that light levels, temperature, humidity and air quality was suitable for plants from all over the world
    develop a design which was aesthetically stunning to act as a landmark structure for the area
  • satisfy tight financial and time constraints
    produce a design which was flexible enough to cope with uncertain ground conditions as the design was finalized before the clay extraction finished in the quarry
    minimize the amount of material brought onto the site to reduce the amount of construction traffic through the local area
    satisfy clients and financiers that the design was viable before construction could commence
    develop a design which would be safe to build despite the need for workers to operate many tens of metres in the air

Transcript

  • 1. Module overview • CIV1900/1901 - 20 credits – Semester 1 & 2 (200hrs) Drawing skills • Hand drawing • Computer aided drawing – (AutoCAD) Semester 1 Weeks 1-6 Computer programming • Automating calculations • Plotting data (not using Excel) Semester 1 Weeks 8-12 Group project • Field project – (End of spring semester) Surveying • Levelling • Measurement precision • Setting out etc. • CIV1901 - Manufacturing
  • 2. Module overview Module sheet  CIV1900 - 20 credits – Semester 1 & 2 (200hrs)  Learning outcomes (What you are expected to know)  Weeks 1-6 design & drawing 1. Produce design solutions to simple engineering problems 2. Communication – Visual & Oral 3. Precision - Hand Drawing & Sketches (2D – 3D) 4. Computer Aided Drawing – AutoCAD • Section structure • Lectures (Context, Theory, Examples) • Skill sessions (Hand drawing & AutoCAD) • Design Project (coursework) • Private Study (including MOLE quizzes)
  • 3. Module overview Weeks 1-6  Monday 09:00 – 09:50  Lecture Week 1 (Hicks LT1)  Hand-drawing exercises Weeks 2-5 (Hicks LT1)  Question & answer sessions Week 6 (Hicks LT1)  Monday 14:00 – 17:00 (CIVU12 see below)  AutoCAD intro Week 1 (ME03 / ME04)  AutoCAD exercises Weeks 1- 4 (ME03 / ME04)  AutoCAD coursework Weeks 4 - 6 (ME03 / ME04)  Dual students: CIVU12 – Tuesday 12-2pm PC-C28, Portobello
  • 4. Monday 09:00-09:50 Week Date Description / activity Location Person 1 29-Sep Lecture 1 – Introduction to design & drawing Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke 2 06-Oct Hand drawing sheet 1 – Orthogonal projection Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke 3 13-Oct Hand drawing sheet 2 – Isometric projection Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke 4 20-Oct Hand drawing sheet 3 – Sections Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke 5 27-Oct Sketching Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke 6 03-Nov Question & answer session Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke 7 10-Nov Reading week No Lecture - 8 17-Nov Peer marking and assessment of design Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke 9 24-Nov Guest lecture – design in industry Hicks LT1 TBC 10-12 Question & answer sessions Hicks LT1 Dr Clarke
  • 5. Monday afternoons (Tuesday for CIVU12) Week Description Location 1 Introduction to AutoCAD & MOLE (14:00 – 15:00) CAD exercises ME 03 / 04 - Mech Eng 2 CAD exercises ME 03 / 04 - Mech Eng 3 CAD exercises ME 03 / 04 - Mech Eng 4 Coursework brief handout ME 03 / 04 - Mech Eng 5 AutoCAD coursework session ME 03 / 04 - Mech Eng 6 AutoCAD coursework session ME 03 / 04 - Mech Eng 7 Reading week 8-12 Computer programming ME 03 / 04 - Mech Eng
  • 6. Module overview Assessment 1 There will be six items of assessment, contributing towards the design section of the module. Description Marks Date Hand drawing exercise 1 2.5 % Week 2 - 10/10/14 Hand drawing exercise 2 2.5 % Week 4 - 24/10/14 AutoCAD peer assessment 5 % Week 8 - 23/11/14
  • 7. Module overview Assessment 2 There will be six items of assessment, contributing towards the design section of the module. Description Marks Date Welcome to MOLE quiz - Week 1 - 29/09/14 Introduction to AutoCAD 2.5 % Week 3 - 19/10/14 AutoCAD tutorial sheet 3 submission 2.5 % Week 4 - 26/10/14 All the online assessments are run through MOLE. You must do the ‘Welcome to MOLE Quiz’ before you are allowed access to the AutoCAD resources
  • 8. What can you expect from us? Give you all the answers to help you pass the course Help you find the answers for yourself Give feedback on your work • Written • Spoken • Informal / Guidance in tutorials etc.
  • 9. Can you work the clicker? A.Yes B.No 0% 0% Yes No
  • 10. E_G_N_E_I_G A.Q R O Q A B.M I N R E C.E N N R I D.E V K O C 25% 25% 25% 25% Q R O Q A M I N R E E N N R I E V K O C
  • 11. Sam is here to: A.Give me the answers B.Tell me where to find the answers C.Help me find the answers for myself 19% Give me the answers Help me find the answers... Tell me where to find th... 50% 31%
  • 12. What is Feedback? A.Written comments on my work B.Advice in tutorials C.One-to-one support D.All of the above Advice in tutorials Written comments on m... All of the above One-to-one support 17% 33% 30% 20%
  • 13. In my degree I expect to get a... A.1st B.2:1 C.2:2 D.Bare Pass 25% 25% 25% 25% 1st 02:01 02:02 Bare Pass
  • 14. An excellent mark is? A.90-100 B.80-90 C.70-80 D.60-70 E.50-60 F.40-50 90-100 80-90 70-80 60-70 50-60 40-50 17% 30% 17% 3% 27% 7%
  • 15. Definitions Civil engineering • “The art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and convenience of Man” Thomas Telford in the Charter of Incorporation of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 1828 • “The science of constructing docks railways, canals etc.” Concise English Dictionary
  • 16. Definitions ◦ Verb: “to contrive, formulate, project, draw, plan, sketch out... To generate an application to a particular purpose; to specify” ◦ Noun: “a plan, scheme, purpose, intention as revealed in the adaption of means to an end; an arrangement of forms.” ◦ Concise English Dictionary Remember! “Design” comes from the same root as the French word “dessin”, meaning “to draw” Design
  • 17. Civil engineering design “The determination of what is to be built, and the preparation of the instructions necessary for building it” Sir Alan Harris, Professor of Civil Engineering, Imperial College London, “Can Design be Taught?”, Proc. ICE, Vol.68 Part 1 August 1980, pp 409 - 416. Definitions
  • 18. Civil engineering design In practice  In practice, civil engineering design is a creative process that is underpinned by scientific concepts and principles but requires the inclusion of wide-ranging non-scientific factors for a successful conclusion.  The very best designers are able to embrace very diverse and often conflicting issues and produce a technically feasible, safe, economically viable, environmentally acceptable and aesthetically pleasing solution.
  • 19. Why teach design? What Civil Engineering graduates sometimes are: • Highly numerate • Able to tackle complex mathematical problems
  • 20. Why teach design? What Civil Engineering graduates should be: •Able to realise that design is about far more than just abstract mathematical analysis, and that other factors are important too: • Creative thought • Economics • Practicalities of construction • Environmental issues • Able to work in multi-disciplinary teams – with other professionals (Architect, Services, Project Manager, IT Engineers)
  • 21. Why teach design? What Civil Engineering graduates should be:  Able to communicate their design ideas  Communication is a vital part of the design process  from initial meetings with clients…  ...through discussions within the design team…  ...and clarification with legal, financial, statutory bodies...  …to formal instruction to site workers about how, where and when to build…  …and finally (in prestige cases) communication to the general public about our wonderful creations.
  • 22. Engineering drawing • Engineering drawing used to communicate precise design information • Use projections as a means of representing 3D object in 2D • Orthographic projection •3 views (projections/elevations) of an object Plan Front Side
  • 23. Engineering drawing •Orthographic projection • Two common types – •1st & 3rd angle projection • How? •Infinite distance away •Eye – object – image •Three projections •Hidden detail – dashed lines
  • 24. Engineering drawing • Sections a ‘slice’ through the object to reveal additional detail • Example - Wall • Section B-B & A-A •Hatching on objects that have been cut
  • 25. Engineering drawing • Perspective projections • Orthographic projections can be difficult to interpret • Perspective drawings provide a 3D impression of an object • 3 common types of perspective drawing •Oblique, Isometric and free form with a Vanishing point • Oblique • Starts with two axes, one horizontal, one vertical • Front face sketched as a true shape • The third axis is usually drawn at 45 degrees and 50% of true lengths.
  • 26. Engineering drawing • Isometric • Object inclined • Receding lines drawn at 30 degrees and are usually kept at true measured lengths. • Isometric paper is a big help! • Free form with a vanishing point • Lines appear to converge and meet at what is referred to as the vanishing point. • Provide depth to a drawing (i.e. a room) • Railway line (1VP) but can have many VP’s
  • 27. Engineering drawing Line types & dimensioning • Line Types & Dimensioning
  • 28. ME03/04 14:00 Remember (CIVU12 PC-C28 Tuesday 12:00-14:00)