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MobiDics: Cooperative Mobile e-Learning for Teachers

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We report on MobiDics, a mobile learning platform for professors, lecturers and tutors. In a survey with 100+ participants, we revealed that young, inexperienced teaching personnel at universities …

We report on MobiDics, a mobile learning platform for professors, lecturers and tutors. In a survey with 100+ participants, we revealed that young, inexperienced teaching personnel at universities rarely use specific didactic methods to plan and structure courses. Such methods play an important role in learning processes since they, for example, activate students and contribute to more profound and sustainable learning experiences. Based on learning phases and social forms, MobiDics is able to suggest didactic methods that are adequate to a specific teaching situation. Parameters such as class size, teaching tool support, room constraints, etc. can additionally be incorporated. Learning settings can thereby be formalized and reconstructed based on the building blocks in form of didactic methods.
MobiDics encourages and supports the targeted use of didactic concepts with the long-term goal of increasing the quality of university education. A particular focus lies on cooperative learning through community-based features. Users report on their experiences how well certain methods worked by a commenting function, and exchange tips and feedback with peers and experts. While user-generated content can comfortably be added through the web frontend, a mobile application allows dynamic adaption of didactic planning to contextual conditions such as the current lecture hall.
In a two-step evaluation, MobiDics was adopted positively in the target group and its features highly appreciated. Our results motivate a further long-term study where we will evaluate MobiDics in the field.

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  • 1. Technische Universität München MobiDics:Cooperative Mobile e-Learning for Teachers Andreas Möller, Stefan Diewald, Luis Roalter Technische Universität München, Germany Barbara Beege Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany Matthias Kranz Luleå University of Technology, Sweden mLearn 2012, Helsinki, 17.10.2012
  • 2. Agenda1.  Introduction & Motivation2.  Survey of demand3.  MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolbox4.  Discussion & Future work17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 2
  • 3. 1. Introduction & MotivationProblem§  University courses held by associates or PhD students§  Little teaching experience§  Limited didactic knowledgeà  Awareness for didactically profound course preparationà  Tool that provides docents the necessary didactic knowledgeà  Learning on mobile devices is explored more intensivelyà  Facilitating time and location-independent learning17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 3
  • 4. 1. Introduction & MotivationMobiDics – “Mobile Didactics”§  “A didactic toolbox for the pocket”§  Mobile e-learning platform§  For university teaching personnelFeatures§  Knowledge acquisition§  Encouragement of using didactic methods§  Improvement of lessons§  Improvement of learning in classic classroom settings§  Dynamic and context-based adaption to individual needs17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 4
  • 5. 2. Survey of demand for m-learning supportOnline Questionnaire: “Using new technologies”à  Assessment of demand for tools supporting course preparationà  Potential of application of a mobile applicationà  Problems of lecturers of current course preparationParticipants:§  103 involved people§  43% PhD candidates – 15% Post Docs – 15% Assistant Profs – 27% Other§  Recruited from Centre for Higher Education§  53 female, 50 male§  Average age: 32.9 (standard deviation = 8.8)17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 5
  • 6. 2. Survey of demand for m-learning supportResults and Implicationsà  Technical basis is available: §  92% regularly use smartphones §  92% check email §  79% search for informationà  Smartphone usage for information research (potentially on didactics) is adequateà  Main reasons for spare usage of didactic methods: §  Missing substantiated knowledge about didactic methods §  Too little experience in teaching §  Limited preparation time for courses and lectures §  Lack of feedback on the success of didactic methods17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 6
  • 7. 2. Survey of demand for m-learning supportResults and Implicationsà  MobiDics addresses the problems identified in the surveyà  Provides the educational background of didactic methodsà  Suggestions tailored to personal teaching needsà  Feedback about specific method usage from other lecturers and professionalsà  Long-lasting impact of the system: especially young users17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 7
  • 8. Agenda1.  Introduction & Motivation2.  Survey of demand3.  MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolbox4.  Discussion & Future work17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 8
  • 9. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxà  Supports the preparation, structuring and execution of university coursesà  It is an e-learning/m-learning systemDesign of MobiDics§  Didactic Methods§  Functionality§  Implementation17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 9
  • 10. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxLearning Content: Didactic Methods§  Classic link between didactic background concepts and formulated educational goals in class§  Support individual learning phases: e.g. knowledge transfer, repetition, assurance of understandingArrangement of the Method Toolbox§  Two-dimensional matrix for method classification§  Organized based on ARIPA and social forms (German translation: ARIVA; developed at TU Zurich; Kiel, 2008)17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 10
  • 11. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxArrangement: ARIPA & social forms for didactic methods Social forms -> Work alone Group work Interactive with Frontal talk ARIPE entire class (class is listening) A-lignment R-eactivation I-nformation P-rocessing A-nalysisà  Each method incorporates an individual goalà  Teachers can use it to create learning situations that are appropriate for their need17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 11
  • 12. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxFunctionality: Four paradigms guiding our research and development1.  Everywhere Use2.  Better Understanding3.  Context Sensitivity4.  Pervasive Cooperation(Möller et al, 2011a)17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 12
  • 13. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxFunctionality: Method Management§  Browse by name, ratings, actuality, or frequency§  Methods can be rated and marked§  Creation of own collection of personally methods for courses§  Available without internet connection after synchronization§  Methods comprise: extensive description, examples and ideas for practical implementation§  Methods contain e.g. ideal group size, expected time, necessary material17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 13
  • 14. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxFunctionality: Explanation of Methods§  “Gallery mode”§  Multimedia elements are available§  Methods can link to external resourcesFunctionality: Multilingualism§  Multiple languages seamlessly within one system§  Wordings and concepts are translated17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 14
  • 15. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxFunctionality: Collaborative Learning and Exchange§  Learning from the experience or with the exchange with others is central factor of learning success§  Collaborative features are included: community or peer exchange§  Rating system allows users to evaluate quality of content§  Quality control determines the adequacy of methods for specific subjects§  Filter function allows limiting method choices§  Function for commenting methods17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 15
  • 16. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxFunctionality: Context Integration§  User can react on context-specific conditions: e.g. room size, equipment§  Support of the integration in existing teaching and learning environments: room management, reservation systemFunctionality: User Management§  Every user creates an account: provide additional information on a voluntary basis§  User-generated content17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 16
  • 17. ight be especially valuable. Users can choose which fields are publicly visible to others to keep theirvacy. This shall encourage e.g. newly appointed faculty members to use the app without the cols and thereby lower the border to use didactic methods in their lectures.ation 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolboxics infrastructure consists of a server, a web interface and a mobile client application, which are illust Implementationschematic overview of the MobiDics infrastructure. MobiDics consists of a mobile Android application and mobile client applications and web interface (left) – server and database (right)erface, which both synchronize with the web server and database of didactic methods in the background. 17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 17
  • 18. 3. MobiDics – A mobile didactics toolbox ImplementationFigure 2: Screenshots of the mobile application. Left: The main menu of didactic methods, sorted by “recently viewed”. Screenshots of the mobile applicationMiddle: The method description view with jump list to different sections. Right: The commenting function for methods. 17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 18
  • 19. 3. MobiDics – A2: Screenshots of the mobile application. Left: The main menu of didactic m Figure mobile didactics toolbox Middle: The method description view with jump list to different sections. Right: ThImplementationScreenshots of the web interface Figure 3: Screenshots of the web interface. Left: The main menu of didactic methods17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. description page of a method with multimedia content, such detailed Kranz 19
  • 20. plication. MobiDics menu of didactic methods, sorted bytoolbox 3. Left: The main – A mobile didactics “recently viewed”.with jump list to different sections. Right: The commenting function for methods. Implementation Screenshots of the web interfacece. Left: The main menu of didactic methods (with language indicators). Right: thee of a method with Möller, S. Diewald, content, such as Kranz 17.10.2012 A. multimedia L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. images or sketches.. 20
  • 21. 4. Discussion & Future workEvaluation – two-step process1.  Evaluation of initial prototype (103 participants) §  51% declared they would use MobiDics “likely” or “very likely” §  Asked for most appealing features: Expert knowledge 63% Illustrative multimedia examples 80% Criteria-based research 92%2. Informal evaluation of subsequent iteration of the system Highly appreciated §  Rating function §  Ability to comment methods and contributions17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 21
  • 22. 4. Discussion & Future workà  Long-term evaluationà  Observations and user feedbackà  Adjust the system to users’ needsà  Evaluate the learning process of synergies and collaborationà  Improvement of teachers’ satisfactionà  Theoretical formalization of classification of the methodsà  Deduce models for methods that better match with the user’s profile and interests17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 22
  • 23. Technische Universität MünchenResearch Team Prof. Dr. Matthias Kranz Andreas Möller Luis Roalter Stefan Diewald LTU Luleå, Sweden TUM, Germany TUM, Germany TUM, Germany Angelika Thielsch Barbara Beege Dr. Andreas Hendrich Dr. Barbara Meyer Univ. Göttingen, Germany LMU, Germany LMU, Germany LMU, Germany17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 23
  • 24. Contactandreas.moeller@tum.de | roalter@tum.de | stefan.diewald@tum.deTechnische Universität München, Germanybeege@sprachraum.lmu.deLudwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germanymatthias.kranz@ltu.seLuleå University of Technology, Sweden17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz
  • 25. Questions ? ?17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz
  • 26. Thank you very much for your kind attention!17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz
  • 27. Literature§  E. Kiel: Strukturierung. In E. Kiel (Ed.) Unterricht sehen, analysieren, gestalten, Utb. (2008)§  A. Möller, A. Thielsch, B. Dallmeier, L. Roalter, S. Diewald, A. Hendrich, B. Meyer, M. Kranz: MobiDics - Improving University Education With A Mobile Didactics Toolbox, In: Video Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Pervasive Computing (Pervasive2011), San Francisco, CA, USA, June 2011§  B. Meyer, B. Beege, A. Möller, A. Thielsch, A. Hendrich, M. Kranz: Förderung der Methodenkompetenz von Lehrenden an Hochschulen -- Design--Based Research rund um "MobiDics”, In: 77. Tagung der AEPF (Arbeitsgruppe für Empirische Pädagogische Forschung), Bielefeld, Germany, September 2012§  A. Möller, A. Thielsch, B. Dallmeier, A. Hendrich, B. Meyer, L. Roalter, S. Diewald, M. Kranz: MobiDics - Eine mobile Didaktik-Toolbox für die universitäre Lehre, In: 9. e-Learning Fachtagung Informatik der Gesellschaft f. Informatik e.V. (DeLFI2011), pp. 139-150, Dresden, Germany, September 201117.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 27
  • 28. Paper Reference•  Please cite this work as follows: A. Möller, B. Beege, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, M. Kranz MobiDics: Collaborative Mobile E-Learning for Teachers In: 11th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2012), p. 109-116, Helsinki, Finland, October 2012BibTex entry:@inproceedings{mlearn2012, title={{MobiDics - Cooperative Mobile E-Learning for Teachers}}, author={Andreas M"{o}ller and Barbara Beege and Stefan Diewald and Luis Roalter and Matthias Kranz}, booktitle={{Proceedings of the 11th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn)}}, editor={Marcus Specht and Jari Multisilta and Mike Sharples}, pages={109--116}, year={2012}, month=oct, address={Helsinki, Finland}, isbn={978-952-10-8351-8},}17.10.2012 A. Möller, S. Diewald, L. Roalter, B. Beege, M. Kranz 28