Is Open Access reaching the tipping point?

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Open Access Symposium 2013 held at TU Delft Library on 24 October 2013, presentation by Just de Leeuwe

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Is Open Access reaching the tipping point?

  1. 1. Is Open Access reaching the tipping point? Just de Leeuwe-TU Delft Library 31-10-13 Delft University of Technology Challenge the future
  2. 2. Overview • A decade of Open Access • Open Access at TU Delft • Open Access challenges Open Access 2
  3. 3. Early days • • • • • • Explosion prices sc journals Sentiment against publishers Internet opportunities/preprints servers/infrastructure OAI PMH Western hemisphere ‘Research funded with tax money should be in the public domain’ No institutional funding, no mandates Open Access ideology rather than a business model Open Access 3
  4. 4. Current state • • • • • Market share scientific publications OA increases Huge differences in adaption OA different fields of science OA worldwide phenomenon, strong in emerging economies Variety of business models, business opportunities Expansion Open Access to Open Science, data and education The idealistic concept has become an industry Open Access 4
  5. 5. Status •EU Survey OA 2004-2011 •22 fields knowledge •40% peer-reviewed articles OA fields general science and technology, biomedical research, biology, mathematics and statistics Open Access 5
  6. 6. Gold vs green Open Access 6
  7. 7. Gold vs Green 9.900+ OA journals 9.900+ OA journals in DOAJ in DOAJ Open Access 7
  8. 8. Stakeholder-Publishers Open Access 8
  9. 9. Open Access 9
  10. 10. Bottlenecks • Traditional lucrative business model subscriptions alive, paywall=commercial • Exclusive transfer of rights hinders Open Access and reuse of publications=IP • Publishing and citations for scientists is still crucial, not the way of dissemination=structure • stakeholders interests unbalanced Open Access 10
  11. 11. Stakeholder Publishers tradition and commercial consolidation • • • • • Taylor and Francis, 1798, UK John Wiley & Sons, 1807, US Springer, 1842, Germany Nature Publishing Group, 1869, UK Elsevier Science, 1880, The Netherlands Open Access 11
  12. 12. Stakeholder Publishers OA business model • • • • Biomed, 2000, UK PLoS, 2000, US Copernicus, 2001, Germany Hindawi, 1997, Egypt Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, 2008 Open Access 12
  13. 13. Stakeholder publishers-share OA Portfolio Elsevier 2500+*6%, Springer 2400, *6% Wiley 1500,*2% NPG 64, *26% Open Access 13
  14. 14. Publishers lingo Open Access Open Access 14
  15. 15. Elsevier Pure Open Elsevier Pure Open Access 162 Access 162 Elsevier Free access 276 Elsevier Free access 276 titles titles variety definitions variety definitions Open Access 15
  16. 16. Stakeholder Publishers Pure Open Access Open Access 16
  17. 17. Journals support Open Access Stakeholders Publishers Hybrid OA double double dipping dipping Open Access 17
  18. 18. Stakeholder-Publishers trends 20.000+ articles single year Open Access 18
  19. 19. Stakeholder publishers-trends Open Access 19
  20. 20. Stakeholder-Funders Running 2014-2020, budget over 70 billion Running 2014-2020, budget over 70 billion Open Access 20
  21. 21. Stakeholderfunders Open Access 21
  22. 22. Stakeholders scientists Open Access 22
  23. 23. delayed delayed paywall paywall Open Access 23
  24. 24. Delft • Where do we stand as a university in this complex situation? • Observer or Actor? Open Access 24
  25. 25. Open Access 25
  26. 26. Delft Repositories infrastructure Total: 9 TU Delft repositories 1 in progress 87.000+ active records 105.000+ files, 4.5 mill page views Open Access 26
  27. 27. Where are changes & can we deliver added value? • Provide content services • Make stakeholders partners • Become producer and funder scientific output • Advise in copyrights & quality issues • Use channels of communication Open Access 27
  28. 28. Content Services-Enhanced publications 3TU Datacentre 3TU Datacentre Open Access 28
  29. 29. Partnersbuilding repositories •Subject repositories Cranfield, RWS •Hosted repositories IHE, Philips,TNO Open Access 29
  30. 30. PartnersTU Delft Open Access 30
  31. 31. Partners OA fees • • • • • • • • SCOAP3-OA Particle physics Royal Society Chemistry*Gold for Gold PLoS- (in progress) Biomed, Springer15% discount SAGE, 90% discount IEEE OA program (in progress) SURF market-licenses Handling fees for all faculties? Open Access 31
  32. 32. Partners -financial support Open Access 32
  33. 33. Open Access Publishing Open Access 33
  34. 34. Funding books Open Access 34
  35. 35. Open Access-publishing Open Access 35
  36. 36. Open Access-publishing OJS Open Access 36
  37. 37. Copyrights Know your rights! Open Access 37
  38. 38. Quality issues Predatory Predatory publishers publishers Vanity Vanity publishers publishers Academic reputation Open Access 38
  39. 39. Make it Make it personal personal Open Access 39
  40. 40. “Open access is a matter of fairness. Not every scientist “Open access is a matter of fairness. Not every scientist has access to expensive journals due to the financial has access to expensive journals due to the financial situation of his/her institution or country. Hence, many situation of his/her institution or country. Hence, many scientists just have no chance to be up to date with the scientists just have no chance to be up to date with the newest developments and a large pool of creativity is not newest developments and a large pool of creativity is not used efficiently. For us authors, open access helps to used efficiently. For us authors, open access helps to spread our research faster and more broadly. Overall, it is spread our research faster and more broadly. Overall, it is a win-win situation”. a win-win situation”. Frank Hollmann, Assistant professor Biotechnology, Frank Hollmann, Assistant professor Biotechnology, Applied Sciences Applied Sciences Open Access 40
  41. 41. Conclusion • No tipping point yet but promising signs • Better balance rights & business models academia-publishers • Commitment academic community • Be an actor! Open Access 41
  42. 42. Quiz #1 What was the number of OA Journals the DOAJ started with? .. . A) 650 B) 1500 C) 300 Open Access 42
  43. 43. Quiz #2) Which country in Europa holds de highest number of OA titles? . . a)Netherlands b)Germany c)United Kingdom . Open Access 43
  44. 44. Quiz #3 In which city took the Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities place, in 2003 ? . .. a) Berlin b) Paris c) New York Open Access 44
  45. 45. Quiz #4 There is a universal platform for OA-Books, what is the name? . . . a) Directory of Open Access Books b) Inventory of OA monographs c) Open Access books online Open Access 45
  46. 46. Knock out question What is the precise number of published articles in PLoS One, the largest single journal on earth, in 2012? Open Access 46

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