Css class 9   physical context 120309
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Css class 9 physical context 120309

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Lesson 9 for Grad Course on CSS (from UTCM Report #08-14-03 "Making Mobility Improvements a Community Asset: Transportation Improvements Using Context-Sensitive Solutions")

Lesson 9 for Grad Course on CSS (from UTCM Report #08-14-03 "Making Mobility Improvements a Community Asset: Transportation Improvements Using Context-Sensitive Solutions")

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Css class 9   physical context 120309 Css class 9 physical context 120309 Presentation Transcript

  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationClass 9 Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design CSS within the Physical Context 1
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMerging Environments Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Natural environment +Human environment Physical Context 2
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationThe Perspectives Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design CSS Creativity Integrated Decision-Making Stakeholder Involvement Communications 3
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationKey Points Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Transportation professionals should: – Understand transportation effects on the natural & the human environments – Understand environmental statues & regulations – Act as stewards of the natural & human environments 4
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationVisual Impacts Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignRoad infrastructure can be beautiful too. NEPAs emphasis on theoverall environment has expanded the context of projectaesthetics. The examination of the aesthetic resource elementrequires consideration of each of the following:• Internal Aesthetics - Follows traditional visual design theory to look at a project as a self-contained object, apart from its surroundings.• Relational Aesthetics - Considers the visual relationships between a project and specific elements of its surroundings; can be very important in community acceptance of a project.• Environmental Aesthetics - Examines aesthetics of the total affected environment; closely related to Scenic. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), 5 Visual Impact Assessment for Highway Projects
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPhysical Context Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • What comprises physical context? – Adjacent properties – Surrounding neighborhoods or area – Land use patterns – existing and future – Type of street – local,collector, arterial – Multimodal – Urban vs rural 6
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPhysical Context Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 7
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationOther Roadside Issues Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Prime farmlands • Wetlands • Wildlife & fisheries • Water quality • Threatened and • Hazardous materials endangered species • Landfill involvement • Natural habitat • Soil & mineral resources preservation and cohesion • Erosion & sediment control • Creek & stream crossings • Tree protection outside • Stream modifications construction area • Floodplains encroachment • Bottomland hardwoods 8
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Assessment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design What are some of the questions that need to be asked regarding the physical location? 9
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Assessment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • What are the physical characteristics of the corridor? Is it in an urban, suburban, or rural setting? • How is the corridor being used (other than for vehicular traffic)? Are there destination spots along the traveled way that require safe access for pedestrians to cross? Do bicycles and other non-motorized vehicles or pedestrians travel along the road? • What is the vegetation along the corridor? Is it sparse or dense; are there many trees or special plants? • Are there important viewsheds from the road? 10
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Assessment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • What is the size of the existing roadway and how does it fit into its surroundings? • Are there historic or especially sensitive environmental features (such as wetlands or endangered species habitats) along the roadway? • How does the road compare to other roads in the area? • Are there particular features or characteristics of the area that the community wants to preserve (e.g., a rural character, a neighborhood atmosphere, or a main street) or change (e.g., busy electrical wires)? 11
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Assessment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Is there more than one community or social group in the area? Are different groups interested in different features/characteristics? Are different groups affected differently by possible solutions? • Are there concentrations of children, the elderly, or disabled individuals with special design and access needs (e.g.,pedestrian crosswalks, curb cuts, audible traffic signals, median refuge areas)? 12
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPhysical Context Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Context Zones from ITE 13
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPhysical Context Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Context Zone Characteristics from ITE – Distinguishing Characteristics – General Character – Building Placement – Frontage Types – Typical Building Height – Type of Public Open Space 14
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPhysical Context Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • C-3 Suburban – Primarily single family residential with walkable development pattern and pedestrian facilities, dominant landscape character – Detached buildings with landscaped yards – Varying front and side yard setbacks – Lawns, porches, fences, naturalistic tree planting – 1 to 2 story with some 3 story – Parks, greenbelts 15
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationTransportation Issues Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Human Context • Community • Land use planning – Neighborhoods – Existing development • Economic conditions – Fast paced new development – Mobility – Zoning – Navigable waterways • Cultural resources – Industries – Archaeological sites • Public facilities & services – Historical structures or sites • Air quality • Noise • Railroads 16
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationFederal Statues Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Federal Statues that Affect Transportation Projects – NEPA – Civil Rights Act – Clean Water Act – USDOT Act of 1966 – Endangered Species Act – Coastal Area Management Act – River and Harbors Act of 1899 – National Historic Preservation Act – Farmland Protection Policy Act of 1981 – Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965 CTE June 2006 17
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationWorking Together Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design NEPA CSS SAFETEA-LU COLLABORATIVE DECISION-MAKING 18
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationTxDOT LAMP Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignLandscape and Aesthetic Master Plans (LAMP)• Identify and prioritize landscape and aesthetic goals for the city or region• Develop a philosophy toward landscape and aesthetic development that is sensitive to the environment• Establish a mechanism for short term establishment and long term maintenance of landscape and aesthetic components• Develop District Policies, Standards/Guidelines• Gather public input• Develop an implementation plan• Develop a realistic and viable master plan 19
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationSan Antonio LAMP Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design  IH-35 NORTH FROM LOOP 410  IH-35 SOUTH FROM LOOP 410  IH-10 EAST FROM LOOP 410  IH-10 WEST FROM LOOP 410  IH-10 INSIDE LOOP 410  LOOP 410 FROM IH-35N TO IH-10W  LOOP 410 FROM IH-10W TO SH-151  LOOP 410W FROM SH-151 TO IH-37  LOOP 410E FROM IH-35N TO IH-37S  IH-35 INSIDE LOOP 410  US-281N FROM DWNTWN TO LOOP 1604  LOOP 1604 FROM IH-35N TO SH-16  LOOP 1604S FROM SH-16 TO IH-35N
  • Regional Icons
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationSan Antonio LAMP Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Military Region Base color will be light sand or cream color. Accent colors will be selected on a project by project basis depending on individual design concepts.Mission RegionBase color on all concrete Downtown Regionstructures will be light sand Base color will be the same lightor cream. Primary accent sand or cream color used in thecolor will be terracotta with Mission and Hill Country Regions.jade as a secondary accent Hill Country Region Accent colors will be teal blue andcolor such as that used on the Base color will be the same light sand the current light ochre being usedexisting Loop 410 and Airport or cream color used in the Mission around the “Y” interchange.project. Region. Accent color willbe pale green.
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAmarillo LAMP Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAmarillo LAMP Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationReading Assignment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Part 3 - Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban Thoroughfares in Walkable Communities, March 2006 http://www.ite.org/bookstore/RP036.pdf • Chapter 2 MassHighways, Project Development and Design Guide, 2006 http://www.mhd.state.ma.us/default.asp?pgid=cont ent/designGuide&sid=about 25