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Css class 5   css and environmental analysis 111809
 

Css class 5 css and environmental analysis 111809

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  • Direct – resulting from proposed actionIndirect – resulting from reaction to effects of proposed action (e.g., shift in development patterns due to changes in access elsewhere)Cumulative – resulting from other effects or accumulating over time
  • NO!Because every EIS must respond to specific issues, impacts, and local values related to the proposed action and the alternatives being considered.
  • (Extremely rare)Congress includes exemption in legislationExample: Hurricane cleanup and repair(Extremely rare) Another agency kills project by ordinance for a non-transportation reason

Css class 5   css and environmental analysis 111809 Css class 5 css and environmental analysis 111809 Presentation Transcript

  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationClass 5 Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design CSS and Environmental Analysis 1
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationWhat is NEPA? Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignNational Environmental Policy Act• Enacted 1969• Purpose: – Prevent further endangerment to environment – Protect environment for future generations – Make agencies accountable to consider environment • Federal agencies • Federally funded projects • Others that choose to do so 2
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironments? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Includes • Natural • Social • Built Also • Safety • Health • Historical, archeological resources • Consumable resources 3
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationNEPA requirements Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Environmental analyses • Categorical exclusion • Environmental assessment  FONSI  EIS • Environmental impact statement 4
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCE examples Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• Research programs• Safety improvements• Landscaping• Noise barriers• Planning and technical studies• Utility installations across ROW• Fencing, signing, pavement markings• Construction of bike and pedestrian facilities• Elderly/handicapped accessibility improvements 5
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCE examples: I-35 Minn. Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 6
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCE examples: I-40 Okla. Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 7
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationNEPA requirements Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 8
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationNEPA requirements Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 9
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationWhat is analyzed? Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignInclude, but not limited to• Possible impacts (positive or adverse)• Impacts that can’t be avoided• Controversial aspects• Attainment of objectives• Possible alternatives to the proposed action• Impacts of “no action”• Preferred action 1 0
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationTypes of impacts Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignImpact areas• Land use • Coastal barriers• Farmland • Coastal zones• Social • Threatened and endangered• Relocation species• Economic • Historic and archeological• Joint development preservation• Pedestrians and bicyclists • Hazardous waste sites• Air quality • Visual• Noise • Energy• Water quality • Construction• Wetlands • Productivity• Water bodies and wildlife • Irreversible, irretrievable• Floodplains commitment of resources• Wild and scenic rivers • Others identified in scoping 1 1
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAnalysis steps Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• Purpose and need• Scoping• Analysis methodologies• Existing conditions (context)• Alternatives*• Impacts of alternatives• Evaluation• (Recycle) Public involvement• Documentation (DEIS)• Review• Additional analysis• Identify preferred alternative• Documentation (FEIS)• Review• Agency action (ROD) 1 2
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationRelationships Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Project development Environmental Public CSS involvement analysis Agency coordination 1 3
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAlternatives Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Required minimum • Build (multiple) • Transportation system management (TSM) • Other modes • No build 1 4
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationImpacts needing analysis Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Per scoping – Needs – Issues – Obvious and perceived (see list of types) – Controversial aspects – uncertainties • Types – Direct – Indirect – Cumulative 1 5
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAnalysis methodologies Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• Develop right after scoping• Per issues and intensities• Use accepted methods• Respond to local values• May differ from project to project – Detail – Extent Historic site along Kentucky corridor 1 6
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEssentials Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• Public involvement• Agency coordination• Environmental justice – Full participation for all – Proportional impacts and benefits• Documentation – Document everything – Needed for potential challenges 1 7
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAre all EISs the same? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Your expectations? Discussion: why? 1 8
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEIS outline Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignTypical minimum contents (FEIS)• Purpose and need for action• Alternatives• Affected environment• Environmental consequences• Evaluation• Comments and responses (FEIS)• Preferred alternative (FEIS)• Mitigation (FEIS)• Next steps 1 9
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in Transportation3 exemptions Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• No EIS needed when:• Exempted by Congress• Emergency situation• Rejection of proposed action from external source 2 0
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationExercise Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignFor possible grade separation at Wellborn and George Bush:• Prepare: – List of potential stakeholders – List of potential environmental impacts 2 1
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationResource Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignGood resource starting point:• Center for Environmental Excellence by AASHTO www.environment.transportation.org• FHWA Environmental Guidebook (online) http://www.environment.fhwa.dot.gov/guidebook/ index.asp• Read NCHRP Report 480, Section E 2 2