Css class 18   placemaking 120309
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Css class 18 placemaking 120309

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Lesson 18 for Grad Course on CSS (from UTCM Report #08-14-03 "Making Mobility Improvements a Community Asset: Transportation Improvements Using Context-Sensitive Solutions")

Lesson 18 for Grad Course on CSS (from UTCM Report #08-14-03 "Making Mobility Improvements a Community Asset: Transportation Improvements Using Context-Sensitive Solutions")

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  • Located in North Dallas, Legacy Park is a large, master-planned corporate campus from the late 1980s. DPZ collaborated with RTKL Architects and Post Properties, a firm known for its high-density apartment developments, to design a mixed-use town center on a 180-acre parcel on the site. Consisting primarily of multi-acre parcels of office land use, Legacy Park houses the world headquarters of such corporations as EDS, JC Penney, Dr Pepper, and Frito-Lay. Upon completion, the proposed town center will include a 400-room convention hotel; 500,000 square feet of retail and entertainment space; 2,400 units of multi-family housing; and a minimum of 3.5 million square feet of additional office space.
  • With many master planned developments, you may well ask, "Planned for what?" At Legacy, it's obvious we've planned to create an atmosphere conducive to productivity, to congeniality and to comfort. With richly landscaped grounds, plenty of open space, wide streets that prevent traffic jams (and even traffic signal sensors disguised within the natural environment), the outstanding amenities and creative atmosphere of Legacy combine to create a true spirit of community.Established, solid infrastructure Positive business environment Easy access to airports and nearby business districts Adjacent to prime residential areas Luxury apartments and hotels Excellent zoning State-of-the-art fiber-optic telecommunications Electrical service redundancy available for added reliability Fire and police station onsite Child care centers Drive-through banking Retail and restaurants Children’s Medical Center Legacy SMU-in-Legacy, a satellite campus of prestigious Southern Methodist University
  • The 16th Street Mall is Denver’s hub of shopping, dining and entertainment that stretches for 16 blocks in the heart of downtown. An environmentally friendly free shuttle service stops at every intersection to transport shoppers to more than a mile of Denver’s best restaurants and shops. The 16th Street Mall recently became a wireless internet hot spot—visitors can log on for free anywhere along the Mall or Skyline Park.
  • The 16th Street Mall is conveniently located near many of Denver’s top attractions. The Denver Performing Arts Complex and Colorado Convention Center are just two blocks from the Mall. Coors Field, The Pepsi Center and City Lights Pavilion are only four blocks away, making 16th Street Mall an excellent place to stop before or after a game or show.Locals and visitors alike enjoy strolling down the Mall’s wide, pedestrian friendly sidewalks to people watch and visit with friends. Since no cars are allowed to drive through the Mall, navigating on foot or with the free shuttles is easy. Street vendors and performers add to the exciting atmosphere found here.

Css class 18   placemaking 120309 Css class 18 placemaking 120309 Presentation Transcript

  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationClass 18 Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Placemaking with CSS 1
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design “We will never bring disgrace on this, our city, by any act of dishonesty or cowardice. We will fight for the ideals and sacred things of the city, both alone and with our companions. We will revere and obey the city’s laws. We will try unceasingly to quicken the sense of civic duty in others. In every way we will strive to pass the city on to our children greater and better than it was when our parents passed it on to us.” — Oath taken by the young men of Athens upon reaching adulthood during the Golden Age (500-400 B.C.) 2
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationSo..What Makes It a Place? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Northgate 3 View slide
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationWhy Make Places? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 6th Street Austin 4 View slide
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • What is a great street? • What is great public space? • The role of managing street vs. building it? • Negotiating diverse interests adds value: best structure for managing context sensitive design? • Judging economic/ social return: appropriate time frame? • Applicability to other settings? 5
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Placemaking •Began in the 1970s by architects and planners •Describes the process of creating squares, plazas, parks, streets and waterfronts •Designed to attract people •Usually pleasurable or interesting •Landscape important in the design process 6
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design The philosophy of "placemaking" centers on the belief that a public-participation process defining and responding to community conditions and needs from the outset is one of the most critical factors in achieving transportation design that is truly sensitive to its context. Placemaking begins with a thorough understanding of the dynamics, desires, and conditions within a community. 7
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCommunity Defined Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Sense of place: Geographic setting or natural/physical boundaries, standards of living, political jurisdictions • Sense of community: Social interaction, common ties, mutual satisfaction of needs, and often a shared space U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), from Community Culture and the Environment: A Guide to Understanding a Sense of Place 8
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationTransportation Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design How can Placemaking be applied to transportation projects? 9
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationSense of Place Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Yoakum
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationSense of Place Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationSense of Place Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Las Colinas
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationSense of Place Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Uvalde
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Principles Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Philosophical Underpinnings 1. The community is the expert 2. Highways create place 3. Teamwork is fundamental 4. Obstacles create opportunity From the Wisconsin Department of Transportation (adapted from Project for Public Spaces) http://www.contextsensitivesolutions.org/content/topics/what_is_css/core-principles/principles/ 14
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Principles Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Planning with the Community 5. Learn by observing 6. Develop a joint vision 15
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Principles Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Designing with the Community 7. Form supports function 8. Synergistic solutions 16
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Principles Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Implementation 9. Start with quick, small, visible success 10. Money will follow vision and action 11. The project is never complete 17
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design “Placemaking strives to balance all the users of a street - pedestrians, transit riders, motorists, and bicyclists, rather than on just designing roads to accommodate motor vehicles. The focus is on how these streets and roads connect to the surrounding districts and public spaces and make these areas more economically stable, safe, and productive. The input of those who use and experience a place on a regular basis is essential to the Place-making process." How Transportation and Community Partnerships are Shaping America: Part I: Transit Stops and Stations http://www.contextsensitivesolutions.org/content/readin g/how-transportation/resources/how-transportation/ 18
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Legacy Town Center Main Street, Plano 19
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignMaster PlannedBusiness, Retailand ResidentialCommunity
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 16th Street Mall in Denver Pedestrian and Transit • Original 13-block Mall opened in October 1982 • 2 years to build • LoDo portion from Blake Street to Denver Union Station constructed in 1992 • 1.25 miles long
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• The idea for the Mall was initiated in 1976 • City of Denver • Downtown Denver Partnership (DDP) • Downtown Denver Business Improvement District (BID) • Regional Transportation District (RTD)• Average 55,000 people use RTD’s Free MallRide shuttles every weekday• More than 15 million riders annually• 36 ultra-low emission hybrid-electric vehicles• Each shuttle can carry approximately 115 passengers
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 16th Street Mall Denver
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 16th Street Mall Denver
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Main Street Houston "The emphasis (of the plan) is on public spaces - the streets and squares that will link various uses together. High-coverage buildings are encouraged to promote street- oriented architecture and active sidewalks. Although there is less open space, it will be of a much higher quality." Main Street Corridor Master Plan
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Most historic street in Houston • Was lined by Houston’s finest architecture and retailers • De facto bus mall by the 1980’s
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 1990’s planned as Transit Street- 130 buses/ hour
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Corridor Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • 1998- Mayor Brown wanted light rail • Main was the logical choice • Main Street Coalition formed and sponsored a master plan for corridor • Ehrenkrantz, Eckstut & Kuhn Architects (EEK) won competition
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Coalition Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Central Houston, Inc. (a business association) • The Midtown Redevelopment Authority • The South Main Center Association • Institutions such as the Texas Medical Center and the Museum of Fine Arts • The City of Houston • Harris County • The Metropolitan Transit Authority • The Houston-Galveston Area Council, the metropolitan planning organization (MPO) for the region • The Texas Department of Transportation • Other civic groups and nonprofit and businesses
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Coalition Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Coalition Goals • Revitalize and transform the Main Street Corridor through the strategic integration of land use and transportation/transit; • Stimulate and intensify development, including inner-city residential housing, new businesses, and urban beautification; • Offer an alternative to the continuation of the fragmented, haphazard development patterns of the last few decades; • Coordinate and leverage public and private investment; and • Institute innovative techniques to evaluate activites’ success.
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Corridor Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Metro determines that it can build $324 million light rail with local funds • 7 mile corridor with 250,000 employees • 50,000 residents • Major museums, schools, parks, hospitals, sports
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street in Downtown Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • METRO limited funds- $33.1 million downtown • Vision for great street • Economic development worries • Diverse, long standing stakeholders • Concerns about follow through
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street LRT Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Stakeholders debated optimum configuration for Main Street with light rail
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street in Downtown Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design EEK’s vision for great green street: “oasis”
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street in Downtown Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design TIRZ/District funded sidewalk enhancements & other upgrades- $16.8 million
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street in Downtown Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Streetscape Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationTransit to Tunnel Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Superstop- 1993
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationVision for Core Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Stakeholder group effort with EEK • Major public square • LRT Central Station • Safety concerns of METRO • High quality finishes • Funding sources?
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationDesign Concepts Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Square Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Central Houston funding of $6.4 million of three blocks public space
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Square Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Implementation • Fulfills 1992 concept for public place in the core • Extremely difficult deadline: New Year’s Day 2004 • Funding risk • Multiple construction contracts • Agreement of City to close street-conflicting views • Operating responsibility: Downtown District
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Square Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Square Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Square Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Square Today Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Highest pedestrian concentration in City • Retail sales have increased • Attracting new development • But…remaining needs to upgrade adjacent properties • Street management challenges • Central station vs. central square?
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMain Street Lessons Learned Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Communication and coordination are critical. • Build trust through small-group and one-to- one meetings. • Keep people continuously engaged. • Private-sector involvement is critical to success. • Urban arterials can be reinvented with a transit and pedestrian focus.
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Key Attributes of a Great Place • Access and Linkages • Comfort and Image • Uses and Activities • Sociability http://www.pps.org/info/gps/60places?referrer=gps_home 48
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Project for Public Spaces • Building Community through Transportation • Streets as Places • Thinking Beyond the Station http://www.pps.org/info/gps/60places?referrer=gps_home 49
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Getting Ready – Step 1: Assess public space challenges – Step 2: Select a site – Step 3: Identify key stakeholders • Evaluating your neighborhood – Step 4: Collect data 50
  • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationPlacemaking with CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• Making a place plan – Step 5: Conduct place evaluation workshop – Step 6: Translate the ideas into action with a working group – Step 7: Develop a visual concept plan – Step 8: Create a summary report and presentation• Implementing your place plan – Step 9: Implement short-term actions – Step 10: Develop long-term design and management plans – Step 11: Assess results and replicate 51