Students take in and process informationin different ways. Instructors presentinformation in different ways.
Active Learners: Reflective Learners:• Learn best by doing • Learn best by thinking something active with it about it quietly first• “Let’s try it out and see • “Let’s think it through how it works.” first.”• Like group work • Prefer working alone
Sensing Learners: Intuitive Learners:• Like learning facts • Like to discover• Dislike complications possibilities and surprises • Tend to work faster• Patient with details and • Better at grasping new good at memorization concepts• Practical • Innovative
Visual Learners: Verbal Learners:• Best remember what • Best remember words they see • Written and spoken• Like explanations pictures, diagrams, films and demonstrations
Sequential Learners: Global Learners:• Gain understanding in • Absorb information steps randomly, then• Follow steps to find suddenly “get it” solutions • Can solve complex• Logical problems quickly but not able to explain how they did it
What happens when styles clashbetween the student and theinstructor?
Mismatches in learning and teaching styles can result inlimitation of materials learned and frustration for both the student and instructor.
Study in an interactive group • Take turns explaining concepts. • Work with others to guess what you think will be asked on the next test and figure out how you will answer.
• Don’t just read or memorize the material; stop to review what you have read and to think about possible questions or applications.• Write short summaries of readings or class notes in your own words.
• Ask your instructors for specific examples of abstract concepts and procedures, and find out how the concepts apply in practice.• If the instructor does not provide enough specifics, try to find some in your course text or other references or by brainstorming with friends or classmates.
• Ask your instructor for interpretations or theories that link the facts, or try to find the connections yourself.• On tests, take time to read the entire question before you start answering and check your results.
• Try to find diagrams, sketches, photos, flow charts etc.• Ask your instructor, consult reference books, and see if any videotapes or CD-rom displays of the course materials are available.• Prepare a concept map by listing key points, enclosing them in boxes or circles, and drawing lines with arrows to show connections.• Color code your notes
• Write summaries or outlines of course materials in your own words.• Whisper words aloud to self while reviewing notes.• Record class lecture and play back while reviewing notes.• Work in groups.
• Ask the instructor to fill in the skipped steps, or fill them in yourself by consulting references.• Take time to outline the lecture material for yourself in a logical order.• Relate each new topic you study to things you already know.
• Look over the entire chapter before you start to study the first section.• Instead of studying every course subject each night , study individual courses for longer periods.• Try to relate the subject to things you already know.
Review Click here to answer“What’s My Style” review questions.