Dealing the Cards                                                           Marjorie Hlava, President                     ...
Overview of the Presentation   The basics       30 minutes   “Taxonomatch”       15 minutes       Dealing the cards ...
The Basics – 30 minutes   What is a taxonomy?   What are the parts of a taxonomy?   How do you build one?   Guidelines...
What is a Taxonomy?        ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005                                     controlled“A collection of controlled...
The Semantic Roadmap:Knowledge Organization Systems•Complex                Semantic network                              •...
Basic features - The term record   Main Term (MT)             = subject term, heading, node,                             ...
Taxonomy? Thesaurus?   Often used interchangeably   Thesaurus is a taxonomy with extras       Related Terms       Non-...
Taxonomy                                                   Thesaurus  view                                                ...
How do you build a taxonomy ?•   Define subject field•   Collect terms•   Organize terms•   Fill in gaps•   Flesh out and ...
Define subject field    Review representative collection of content    Determine:        Core areas        Peripheral ...
Build, buy, augment?   Survey existing thesaurus/taxonomy resources for your    domain   Test for    •  Scope    •  Dept...
Foundations   Start with what is known   Build from there   Use the literature, your data   Use the lists you already ...
Collect terms   Your documents and databases   Departmental terminology   Text books and their indexes   Book tables o...
Gather terms from search logs   Top ~100 search terms from search logs   Terms used more than 50 times   Match to web s...
How do you choose terms?   Importance in the subject area   Use in the literature, by the organization    or community ...
One term / one concept   Terms represent simple or unitary    concept   A unit of thought   May be a single-word term ...
Concrete entities as terms•   Things and their physical parts    –   Birds        •   Feathers    •   Buildings        •  ...
Abstract concepts as terms•   Actions and events    –   evolution, skating, management, ceremonies•   Abstract entities   ...
Proper nouns as terms   Individual entities – “classes of one” –    expressed as proper nouns       San Francisco, Lake ...
Organize terms – roughly   Sort terms into several major categories –    logical groups of similar concepts as Top    Ter...
How do terms relate?   Hierarchical relationships                                                                 TAXONOM...
Hierarchical relationships   Broader Term represents the    class, whole, or genus   Narrower Term is a member, part, or...
Broader to Narrower TermsPolitics                   Elections                                                     Presiden...
Hierarchy –            Whole-part relationship   Four general types    –   Body systems and organs        •   Ear  Middl...
Hierarchy – Instance relationship   General category (common noun) as BT,    with individual example (proper noun) as    ...
Polyhierarchical relationship•    Term can logically fit under more than one     Broader Term – can have Multiple Broader ...
Generic relationship test – 1•    Both terms in same fundamental category•    “All-and-some” test                         ...
Generic relationship test – 2     Rodents                             Squirrels                       Pests         ALL s...
Equivalence relationship•   Preferred Term    –   Thesaurus term and valid for indexing    –   Thesaurus notation: USE•   ...
Equivalence – when to use     Synonyms, slang, quasi-synonyms     Scientific and trade names         Ibubrofen         ...
Associative relationship   Related Terms (RTs) – cousins   “…terms related conceptually but not    hierarchically, and a...
Scope Notes (SN)   Indicate meaning of the term in the context of    this thesaurus, for this audience     Stress – Meta...
Stating the terms•   Term format•   Grammatical issues•   Singular and plural forms•   Spelling•   Abbreviations and acron...
Term format   KISS – Keep it short and simple    •   1-2-3 words    •   Effect on search    •   Pre and Post Coordination...
Compound Terms – Nope!   “Terms in a thesaurus should represent    simple or unitary concepts…” (ISO standard)   “Compou...
Pre and Post Coordinate Terms   Pre coordinates – two concepts       Subject headings – Library of Congress           A...
So far you’ve got   Hierarchy    –   Broader and Narrower Terms    •   Polyhierarchies when needed–   Preferred/Non-Prefe...
Review, edit, test, edit,use, edit, and maintain, i.e. edit    Review                                                    ...
Subject Matter Experts   Work first from the literature   Establish literary warrant for terms   Some one else do the c...
   Designed to enhance understanding and retention of the    vocabulary concepts necessary for creating a taxonomy,    on...
1.    Play moves to the left of the dealer         7.                       Discussion among the players to arrive at2.   ...
Implementation and applications   Adding the terms to the information    objects   Search and other applications   Taxo...
Parts of the puzzle   The taxonomy       The words to use       In the order you want the users to browse   Applicatio...
The Workflow MOSS              Fully integrated with                                                                      ...
Adding terms to information objects    Part of the record        XML        MARC    A relational table pointing the te...
Part of the record - XML   Added as an element in the XML record   Need an element to put the data in       <Taxonomy T...
Editorial Workflow Integration                 Author Submission ModuleThe author fills in the data to the document templa...
Editorial Workflow Integration         Author Submission ModuleAuthors review theindexing and maychange it.Content is stor...
In the HTML record   Makes it crawl able for the internet   Used in CMS applications       Content Management Systems ...
META NAME “KEYWORDS”   © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
In Relational Database Table   Primary Key – the record   Secondary key all the metadata       Like taxonomy terms    ...
Relational database diagram     © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Using taxonomies in applications•   Improve search            •                                   In “indexing” or•   Subj...
Why does search fail?   Most large organizations have 5 different    search softwares       All disappointing and on the...
Parts of Search   Search software       Inverted Index       Search algorithms   Presentation layer       Search box ...
Sample DOCUMENT                         Outline of Presentation                            1        Define key terminology...
Simple inverted file index   The terms from the “outline”    &                                                         key...
Complex inverted file index            Placement location                                                         key - L2...
Improve Search                                                     www.mediasleuth.com  Auto-completion using the  taxonom...
Subject Browsing© 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Targeted resources based onsubject or user role                                                               CONFIDENTIAL...
Linked Data                                  CME Activity                                   on Topic A                    ...
Link to Society ResourcesCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention                                   Related Press Relea...
Authors at a Place     © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Member Profile Tagging User pastes or  uploads CV Button to auto- extract taxonomy attributes             © 2011. Access I...
User uploads a document                        to SharePoint space                                                        ...
SharePoint 2010 only shows 10 lines ofthe taxonomy                                                           This add on m...
Taxonomies added in        search exampleCore Architectural Components                                                    ...
Autosuggestion of taxonomy terms                                                                    Allow for manual      ...
More Innovations!   Link topic to article to author to event   Make visual links within domain   Enable authors to subm...
Taxonomy standards at 5:00   Z39.19 (2005) Controlled Vocabularies   BS 8723 Parts 1 – 5   ISO25964 Parts 1 - 4   TAG ...
IT is often Fire, Ready, Aim!   Choose the hardware   Choose the software   Decide on the format   Convert the data  ...
Change to Ready, Aim, Fire!   Follow the data   Look at the data, format and content   Design taxonomy for data   Leve...
   The New Board Game   Applications   Implementation   The taxonomy       © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights...
Summary   We covered the basics   We talked about the implementation   Application of the terms to your content   We r...
Okay Now deal the cards!                                                                         Marjorie M.K. HlavaAlice ...
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Dealing the Cards

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Presentation given at the 2011 Taxonomy Boot Camp by Marjorie M.K. Hlava of Access Innovations, Inc.

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  • Thanks to Helen Atkins of AACR for this illustration.The real power of this is that the links can all go in all directions, so we take advantage of having the user’s attention regardless of how they step into our “web”
  • Transcript of "Dealing the Cards"

    1. 1. Dealing the Cards Marjorie Hlava, President Access Innovations, Inc. www.accessinn.com Monday October 31, 2011 © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    2. 2. Overview of the Presentation The basics  30 minutes “Taxonomatch”  15 minutes  Dealing the cards Implementation and applications  30 minutes “A Taxing Situation”  The new board game!  15 minutes © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    3. 3. The Basics – 30 minutes What is a taxonomy? What are the parts of a taxonomy? How do you build one? Guidelines for the terms Subject Matter Experts (SME’s) 40 slides © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    4. 4. What is a Taxonomy? ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 controlled“A collection of controlled vocabulary terms organized into a Yes! hierarchical structure.”Missing:equivalence, associative relationships, and notes © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    5. 5. The Semantic Roadmap:Knowledge Organization Systems•Complex Semantic network •Linked Entities•High value •Contextual Specificity Ontology Thesaurus Taxonomy Controlled vocabulary Synonym set/ring Name authority file Uncontrolled list list  Uncontrolled •Simple •Unrelated Entities •Low Value •Ambiguity Highest Cost over Time! © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    6. 6. Basic features - The term record Main Term (MT) = subject term, heading, node, category, descriptor, class Top Term (TT) Broader Terms (BT) TAXONOMY Narrower Terms (NT) ONTOLOGY Related Terms (RT)  See also (SA) THESAURUS Non-Preferred Term (NP)  Used for (UF), See (S)  Synonyms Scope Note (SN) History (H) © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    7. 7. Taxonomy? Thesaurus? Often used interchangeably Thesaurus is a taxonomy with extras  Related Terms  Non-preferred Terms (USE/Used for)  Scope Notes  More Taxonomies often have the actual information object at the final node. CMS and SharePoint tend to the hierarchical view only, definition, and USE © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    8. 8. Taxonomy Thesaurus view Term Record view Copyright © 2005 - Access© 2011. Innovations, Inc. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    9. 9. How do you build a taxonomy ?• Define subject field• Collect terms• Organize terms• Fill in gaps• Flesh out and interrelate terms• Apply to your data You’re done! © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    10. 10. Define subject field  Review representative collection of content  Determine:  Core areas  Peripheral topics Sociology Psychology Education Law  Scope can be modified later © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    11. 11. Build, buy, augment? Survey existing thesaurus/taxonomy resources for your domain Test for • Scope • Depth • Make-or-break terms • Cost Adoption of existing taxonomies  Term registries  Taxobank  Taxonomy Warehouse  Other resources Don’t reinvent the wheel! © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    12. 12. Foundations Start with what is known Build from there Use the literature, your data Use the lists you already have internally Built-in continuous review throughout the process, and beyond Who is involved?  Taxonomists  Subject matter experts  Project management  Users © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    13. 13. Collect terms Your documents and databases Departmental terminology Text books and their indexes Book tables of contents and indexes Journal quarterly indexes Encyclopedias Lexicons, glossaries on the topic Web resources Users and experts Search logs © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    14. 14. Gather terms from search logs Top ~100 search terms from search logs Terms used more than 50 times Match to web site with appropriate answer Basis for favorites or best bets, presented at the top of results list. Behavior-based taxonomy © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    15. 15. How do you choose terms? Importance in the subject area Use in the literature, by the organization or community Necessary degree of specificity or detail Relationship with other controlled vocabularies Single concept = single term © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    16. 16. One term / one concept Terms represent simple or unitary concept A unit of thought May be a single-word term May be a multiword term is required to represent the concept “A unit of thought, formed by Three main categories mentally combining some or all – Concrete entities of the characteristics of a concrete or abstract, real or – Abstract concepts imaginary object. Concepts – Proper nouns exist in the mind as abstract entities independent of terms used to express them.” © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    17. 17. Concrete entities as terms• Things and their physical parts – Birds • Feathers • Buildings • Floors• Materials – Cement – Wood – Lead– Cards and Chips © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    18. 18. Abstract concepts as terms• Actions and events – evolution, skating, management, ceremonies• Abstract entities – law, theory• Properties of things, materials, and actions – strength, efficiency• Disciplines and sciences – physics, meteorology, mathematics• Units of measurement – pounds, kilograms, miles, meters, nanoseco nds © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    19. 19. Proper nouns as terms Individual entities – “classes of one” – expressed as proper nouns  San Francisco, Lake Michigan Thesaurus standards exclude proper names, persons, and trade names  authority files. Taxonomies include them as final nodes. © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    20. 20. Organize terms – roughly Sort terms into several major categories – logical groups of similar concepts as Top Terms  Identify core areas and peripheral topics  10 – 20 to start  Consider moving proper names to authority files Result: loose collection of terms under several main headings  Rough and tentative – see how it fits as you go  Initial gap analysis  Add / modify / delete as needed © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    21. 21. How do terms relate? Hierarchical relationships TAXONOMY -- Parents and their children Equivalence relationships -- Aliases THESAURUS Associative relationships -- Cousins -- See Also’s © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    22. 22. Hierarchical relationships Broader Term represents the class, whole, or genus Narrower Term is a member, part, or species  Generic relationship  Whole-part relationship  Instance relationship NT inherit all the BT characteristics BTs/NTs have a reciprocal relationship © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    23. 23. Broader to Narrower TermsPolitics Elections Presidential elections Gubernatorial elections Mayoral elections © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    24. 24. Hierarchy – Whole-part relationship Four general types – Body systems and organs • Ear  Middle ear – Geographical locations • Bernalillo County  Albuquerque – Fields of study • Geology  Physical geology – Hierarchical social structures • Ontario  Manitoulin District © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    25. 25. Hierarchy – Instance relationship General category (common noun) as BT, with individual example (proper noun) as NTI (Narrower Term Instance)Seas French cathedrals Baltic Sea Chartres Cathedral Caspian Sea Rheims Cathedral Mediterranean Sea Rouen CathedralEssentially identical to “final node” in taxonomies © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    26. 26. Polyhierarchical relationship• Term can logically fit under more than one Broader Term – can have Multiple Broader Terms (MBT)• Part of ISO standards, new to ANSI/NISO Nurses Health administrators Nurse administrators Nurse administrators Finance Careers Accounting Accounting Copyright © 2009 - Access © 2011. Innovations, Inc. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    27. 27. Generic relationship test – 1• Both terms in same fundamental category• “All-and-some” test Rodents SOME ALL Squirrels Pests SOME NOT ALL Squirrels Inheritance or inclusion – what’s true of the parent (BT) is true for all children (NTs) © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    28. 28. Generic relationship test – 2 Rodents Squirrels Pests  ALL squirrels are rodents x NOT ALL squirrels are pests x NOT ALL pests are rodents © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    29. 29. Equivalence relationship• Preferred Term – Thesaurus term and valid for indexing – Thesaurus notation: USE• Non-Preferred Term – Not valid for indexing – An alias or imposter – Entry point, directs user to Preferred Term – Thesaurus notation: UF or NPT Spiders Plant pathology UF Arachnids USE Phytopathology © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    30. 30. Equivalence – when to use  Synonyms, slang, quasi-synonyms  Scientific and trade names  Ibubrofen UF Motrin™  Lexical variants  Fiber optics UF Fibre optics  Mouse UF Mice  Upward posting of narrow concepts not specified in taxonomy or thesaurus  Social class UF Elite, Middle class, Working classGet equivalent terms from search logs, brainstorming… © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    31. 31. Associative relationship Related Terms (RTs) – cousins “…terms related conceptually but not hierarchically, and are not part of an equivalence set” (i.e. not synonyms) Both valid for indexing Reciprocal relationship with each other Expands user’s awareness, reflects thesaurus coverage of unanticipated areas Main basis for the ontology 14 main options offered in Z39.19 © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    32. 32. Scope Notes (SN) Indicate meaning of the term in the context of this thesaurus, for this audience  Stress – Metal, Psychological, Physiological Could be the definition or glossary Indicate any restriction in meaning Indicate range of topics covered Provide direction for indexers; for terms often confused, may suggest an alternative term Use as needed – may not be for every term Use a style guide Be concise © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    33. 33. Stating the terms• Term format• Grammatical issues• Singular and plural forms• Spelling• Abbreviations and acronyms• Capitalization• Other punctuation• Consistency © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    34. 34. Term format KISS – Keep it short and simple • 1-2-3 words • Effect on search • Pre and Post Coordination Establish a policy • follow Chicago Manual of Style Grammatical issues • Nouns and noun phrases • Verbs  Gerunds • Adjectives - no • Adverbs - no • Initial articles – no © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    35. 35. Compound Terms – Nope! “Terms in a thesaurus should represent simple or unitary concepts…” (ISO standard) “Compound terms should be factored (split) into simple elements…” (ANSI/NISO standard) Term phrases are okay (bigrams)  Adjective Noun  American history Two concepts combined are not  Aromatherapy for bloating © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    36. 36. Pre and Post Coordinate Terms Pre coordinates – two concepts  Subject headings – Library of Congress  American history – Civil War  Back of the book  Put together in advance by the publisher Post Coordinate  Taxonomy terms  Single concept  Put together by the user / searcher © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    37. 37. So far you’ve got Hierarchy – Broader and Narrower Terms • Polyhierarchies when needed– Preferred/Non-Preferred Terms – Equivalence relationships– Related Terms – Associative relationships– Scope Notes– Complete term records – Correct term format © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    38. 38. Review, edit, test, edit,use, edit, and maintain, i.e. edit  Review  Edit and maintain Users Add term Expert reviewers Change existing term  Test Change term status Index 500+ documents (more Delete term for variable writing style; Add term relationship fewer for strict style) Delete term relationship Monitor search log Add/modify Scope Note Change overall structureConsider automated / assisted indexing software © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    39. 39. Subject Matter Experts Work first from the literature Establish literary warrant for terms Some one else do the clerical work Differentiate the lexicography work  From the Subject Matter expert work Let SMEs do the review and tailoring Expert review ensures the proper term use and application Advisory Board…advisable! © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    40. 40.  Designed to enhance understanding and retention of the vocabulary concepts necessary for creating a taxonomy, ontology, thesaurus, or controlled vocabulary. Game supplies:  1 Deck of Orange Question and Challenge Cards  1 Deck of Green Answer Cards Game setup:  Shuffle the deck of Green Answer cards,  Deal the entire deck to the players.  Shuffle the deck of Orange Question and Challenge cards  Place them facedown in a pile in the middle of the table so that all players can reach the pile. Reinforce what you just heard! Have fun! © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    41. 41. 1. Play moves to the left of the dealer 7. Discussion among the players to arrive at2. Draw a card from the top of the Orange the correct answer is permissible and cards. Read it aloud to all of the players. encouraged!3. The player who read the card says out loud 8. If players do not arrive at a consensus what they think the answer is. regarding the correct answer, the Orange4. Each player looks at the Green Answer Question and Challenge card may be cards in their hand. returned to the bottom of the pile, and play passes to the person to the left of the player 1. If they have the correct answer to the who drew the previous card. Question or Challenge, they show their card to everyone at the table. 9. When all of the Orange Question and Challenge cards have been drawn, read 2. If everyone agrees that the answer is aloud, and matched with their Green correct, the player holding the correct Answer cards, the game ends. answer card gives it to the player who read the Question or Challenge card. 10. If there are any Orange Question and Challenge cards remaining to which players5. The player places their associated pair of cannot agree on an answer, players may cards – one Orange Question and consult their notes or ask the session Challenge card and one Green Answer card speaker. – face up on the table in front of them.6. Play passes to the person who held the correct Green Answer card in their hand. Play continues as in step 2 above. © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    42. 42. Implementation and applications Adding the terms to the information objects Search and other applications Taxonomy use cases – implementation Opportunities and Obstacles – 30 minutes © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    43. 43. Parts of the puzzle The taxonomy  The words to use  In the order you want the users to browse Applications  Search, CMS, SharePoint etc Implementation / actions  Making the links  Adding terms to information objects Most people confuse the parts and they act very differently © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    44. 44. The Workflow MOSS Fully integrated with Build Create Gather Tag and Put in Search user source Create data base inverted interface data metadata with tags indexClient Data Automatic SummarizationFull Text SearchHTML, PDF, Machine Aided PresentationData Indexer LayerFeeds, etc. (M.A.I.™) Search Database Software Increases Inline Tagging Repository accuracy Client Browse by SubjectClient Taxonomy taxonomy Metadata and Auto-completion Entity Extractor Broader Terms Narrower Terms Thesaurus Related Terms Master 44 © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    45. 45. Adding terms to information objects  Part of the record  XML  MARC  A relational table pointing the terms to a record ID number (Secondary key)  Adding data to the HTML  META NAME KEYWORD Element  Many other options © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    46. 46. Part of the record - XML Added as an element in the XML record Need an element to put the data in  <Taxonomy Term> Capture the terms when creating the records © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    47. 47. Editorial Workflow Integration Author Submission ModuleThe author fills in the data to the document template, attaching imagesand graphs as necessary.An API calls Data Harmony and generates a list of indexing termsbased on the content. © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    48. 48. Editorial Workflow Integration Author Submission ModuleAuthors review theindexing and maychange it.Content is storedinto a datarepository asHTML, XML, etc. © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    49. 49. In the HTML record Makes it crawl able for the internet Used in CMS applications  Content Management Systems Add to the HTML  Manually  In Dreamweaver  In your CMS like Extron Author Submissions Example Do the same with SharePoint © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    50. 50. META NAME “KEYWORDS” © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    51. 51. In Relational Database Table Primary Key – the record Secondary key all the metadata  Like taxonomy terms  Like author  Like publication date Used in Oracle, SQL, etc  Need filed to put the taxonomy data in Supports “Faceted Search”  each item in a separate field or element or table © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    52. 52. Relational database diagram © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    53. 53. Using taxonomies in applications• Improve search • In “indexing” or• Subject browsing categorizing, as subject• Mobile intelligence metadata• Targeted resources based • In content management on subject or user role systems• Link to society resources • In SharePoint• Author submission module • In mashups• Author authority database • In social networking sites• Expert reviewer • In author tagging identification • In filtering data –• Member profiles e.g., spam filters and RSS• Data visualization feeds• More like this • In web crawlers  Social media - community © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    54. 54. Why does search fail? Most large organizations have 5 different search softwares  All disappointing and on the shelf Inconsistent results Unclear path to results Lack of single unified clear consistent vocabulary Not tied to data governance  Taxonomy  Other metadata © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    55. 55. Parts of Search Search software  Inverted Index  Search algorithms Presentation layer  Search box  Autocompletion  Related and narrower terms  Hierarchical display © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    56. 56. Sample DOCUMENT Outline of Presentation 1 Define key terminology 2 Thesaurus toolsCreating  Featuresan  FunctionsInverted 3 CostsFile Index  Thesaurus construction  Thesaurus tools 4 Why & when? © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    57. 57. Simple inverted file index The terms from the “outline” & key 1 of 2 outline 3 presentation 4 terminology construction thesaurus costs tools define when features why functions © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    58. 58. Complex inverted file index Placement location key - L2, P2, H& - Stop of - Stop1 - Stop outline - L1, P1, T2 - Stop presentation - L1, P3, T3 - Stop terminology - L2, P3, H4 - Stop thesaurus - (1) - L3, P1, Hconstruction - L7, P2, SH (2) - L7, P1, SHcosts - L6, P1, H (3) - L8, P1, SHdefine - L2, P1, H tools - (1) - L3, P2, Hfeatures - L4, P1, SH (2) - L8, P2, SHfunctions - L5, P1, SH when - L9, P3, H why - L9, P1, H © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    59. 59. Improve Search www.mediasleuth.com Auto-completion using the taxonomy Guide the userNavigatethe fulltaxonomy“tree”BROWSE © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    60. 60. Subject Browsing© 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    61. 61. Targeted resources based onsubject or user role CONFIDENTIAL © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    62. 62. Linked Data CME Activity on Topic A Upcoming Other Journal Conference Articles on on Topic A Topic A Job Posting Journal for Expert Article on on Topic A Topic AGrant Available for Podcast Interview Researchers with ResearcherWorking on Topic A Working on Topic A Author Networks Social Networking © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    63. 63. Link to Society ResourcesCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention Related Press Releases •How What and How Much We Eat (And Drink) Affects OurVol. 12, 161-164, Risk of CancerFebruary 2003 •Novel COX-2 Combination Treatment May Reduce Colon© 2003 American Association for Cancer Research Cancer Risk Combination Regimen of COX-2 Inhibitor and Fish Oil Causes Cell DeathShort Communications •COX-2 Levels Are Elevated in SmokersAlcohol, Folate, Methionine, and Risk of Incident BreastCancer in the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Related AACR Workshops and Conferences •Frontiers in Cancer Prevention ResearchStudy II Nutrition Cohort •Continuing Medical Education (CME)Heather Spencer Feigelson1, Carolyn R. Jonas, Andreas S. •Molecular Targets and Cancer TherapeuticsRobertson, Marjorie L. McCullough, Michael J. Thun and Related Meeting AbstractsEugenia E. Calle Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance •Association between dietary folate intake, alcohol intake, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T and A1298CResearch, American Cancer Society, National Home polymorphisms and subsequent breastOffice, Atlanta, Georgia 30329-4251 •Folate, folate cofactor, and alcohol intakes and risk for colorectal adenoma •Dietary folate intake and risk of prostate cancer in a largeRecent studies suggest that the increased risk of breast cancer prospective cohort studyassociated with alcohol consumption may be reduced byadequate folate intake. We examined this question among Related Education Book Content66,561 postmenopausal women in the American Cancer SocietyRelated Working Groups Think Tank Report Oral Contraceptives, Postmenopausal•FinancePrevention Study II NutritionRelated Think Tank ReportCancer Cohort. Hormones, and Breast Cancer•Charter Content Physical Activity and Cancer•Molecular Epidemiology Webcasts Hormonal Interventions: From Adjuvant Therapy toRelated Awards Related Webcasts Breast Cancer Prevention•AACR-GlaxoSmithKline Clinical Cancer ResearchScholar Awards•ACS Award•Weinstein Distinguished Lecture © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    64. 64. Authors at a Place © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    65. 65. Member Profile Tagging User pastes or uploads CV Button to auto- extract taxonomy attributes © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    66. 66. User uploads a document to SharePoint space Adding terms to SharePointBefore uploading to Data HarmonySharePoint server, the automatically attachesEventHandler sends the indexing terms beforedocument to Data uploading to MOSSHarmony. TaxoTerm Server Microsoft Data Harmony Returns subject SharePoint (M.A.I.) metadata Server 2010 66 © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    67. 67. SharePoint 2010 only shows 10 lines ofthe taxonomy This add on makes it all viewable 67 © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    68. 68. Taxonomies added in search exampleCore Architectural Components Administrator’s Dashboard FAST MANAGEMENT API Web WEB SEARCH Content CRAWLER SERVER Vertical Pipeline QUERY API Query Applications FILE Pipeline PROCESSOR Files, TRAVERSER QUERY Documents CONTENT API Portals DATABASE PROCESSOR DOCUMENT Databases CONNECTOR Index DB Results Custom EMAIL FILTER Alerts Front-Ends Email, Groupware CONNECTOR SERVER Mobile Search harmony Custom Content CUSTOM Devices Applications Push CONNECTOR Agent DB MAIstro 68 Use taxonomy terms here Data Harmony Governance API © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    69. 69. Autosuggestion of taxonomy terms Allow for manual review of auto-Populate tagging forKeywords, Des qualitycriptors, Indexi assurance.ng terms, etc. 69 © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    70. 70. More Innovations! Link topic to article to author to event Make visual links within domain Enable authors to submit and categorize conference submissions Create author authority database linking to co- authors, topics, locations, etc. Create expert reviewer database Create member profiles with alternate names, publications, tagged by topic Visualize data and domain distribution Display interest connections in social network Deliver accurate targeted information through mobile applications Etc. © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    71. 71. Taxonomy standards at 5:00 Z39.19 (2005) Controlled Vocabularies BS 8723 Parts 1 – 5 ISO25964 Parts 1 - 4 TAG 37 and 46 standards SKOS - Simple Knowledge Organization System OWL - Web Ontology Language AND more! © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    72. 72. IT is often Fire, Ready, Aim! Choose the hardware Choose the software Decide on the format Convert the data Fix the data Tack on a taxonomy Ignore the standards © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    73. 73. Change to Ready, Aim, Fire! Follow the data Look at the data, format and content Design taxonomy for data Leverage the standards Use taxonomy to tag data Choose search and repository software for data Load the data into the system Keep your eye on the target © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    74. 74.  The New Board Game Applications Implementation The taxonomy © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    75. 75. Summary We covered the basics We talked about the implementation Application of the terms to your content We reinforced the learning with activities No go hear the case studies of the next two days! © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
    76. 76. Okay Now deal the cards! Marjorie M.K. HlavaAlice Redmond Neal President Chief Taxonomist Access Innovations, Inc.Heather M. Kotula mhlava@accessinn.com Game Meister © 2011. Access Innovations, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 505-998-0800

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