Tracing – Research – Education

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Sharing Truth- National Research Centre Forum
"Documenting and Memorializing the Holocaust "
Susanne Urban, Head of Research
International Tracing Service, Germany

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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Tracing – Research – Education

  1. 1. Tracing – Research – Education Dr. Susanne Urban
  2. 2. Mission Statement “ The International Tracing Service serves victims of Nazi persecution and their families by documenting their fate through the archives it manages. The ITS preserves these historic records and makes them available for research.”
  3. 3. History ITS/ Predecessors 1944/45: Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Forces: Registration 1945-47: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration: Repatriation 1947/51: International Refugee Organization: Repatriation/ Care/ Emigration 1951/55: Allied High Commission for Germany: Care/ Emigration
  4. 4. UNRRA ● IRO ● ITS <ul><li>Responsible for Victims/ Survivors of … </li></ul><ul><li>Holocaust ● Nazi-persecution ● Incarceration ● Forced Labor </li></ul>
  5. 5. Organisation ITS <ul><li>1955: “…the ICRC, being a body with a neutral, impartial, universal and responsible character shall have charge of the administration and direction of the ITS.” ● Opening 2007 ● Withdrawal ICRC 01/2013 </li></ul>Future International Commission International Committee of the Red Cross
  6. 6. Archives: ca. 26 km <ul><li>Documents 1933-1945; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliied Order 163, 1945-1951; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predecessor Organizations; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copies since 1980s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding aid (CNI). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incarceration / Camps; </li></ul><ul><li>Forced and Slave labor; </li></ul><ul><li>Aftermath (DPs); </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Documentation; </li></ul><ul><li>Child Search Branch; </li></ul><ul><li>Maps; </li></ul><ul><li>Camp Inmates‘ Possessions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Aims and Challenges <ul><li>Humanitarian Work ● Archives ● </li></ul><ul><li>Research/ Education ● Access </li></ul>
  8. 8. Child Search Branch 1945-1951 <ul><li>„ Unaccompanied Children“ </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Search – Registration or Documentation – Rehabilitation – Adoption – E migration </li></ul>Child Search Branch 1945-1951
  10. 10. Child Search Branch 1945-1951 <ul><li>“ UNRRA was prepared to find people starving, sick, without clothing, displaced and homeless, but they were not prepared to handle a problem of stolen children.“ (12.4.1947) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Child Search Branch 1945-1951 <ul><li>“ No stone is left unturned.“ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Each child is carefully interviewed by an UNRRA Child welfare Specialist“ </li></ul><ul><li>“ These children, whose age range from 8- to 16 years – [were] systematically starved, beaten and exposed to extremities … to help them regain confidence in other people“ (1946) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Education/ Survivors’ legacies <ul><li>AIMS: Citizenship Concept </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy = Responsibility = Secondary testimony = Stories will not be forgotten </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thanks for your patience <ul><li>Internet: www.its-arolsen.org </li></ul><ul><li>Mail: historical-research@its-arolsen.org </li></ul>

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