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    7 2 power point 7 2 power point Presentation Transcript

    • Crisis, War and Witchcraft in Europe 7.2 Juan,Yesenia,& Carlos
    • 1560 – 1650 Severe economic and social crisis
      • Problems
      • Inflation (rising prices) for land and food.
      • Growing population to support.
      • 1600 – economic slowdown in parts of Europe.
      • Spain – Economy dependent on silver and mines were producing less silver.
      • Loss of Muslim and Jewish Artisans and merchants hurt their economy.
    • 1560 – 1650 Severe economic and social crisis (cont.)
      • Population Increased from about 60 million in 1500 to 85 million by 1600.
      • Population declined by 1650 (more in the central and southern).
      • Warfare plague and famine contributed to population decline.
    • Witchcraft Trails
      • Belief in witchcraft (or magic) was part of traditional village culture for centuries.
      • During this time, intense hysteria affected lives of many Europeans.
      • More than 100,000 people charged with witchcraft.
      • As more were brought to trail, fear of witches grew with the fear of being accused of witchcraft.
    • Witchcraft Trials (Cont.) Background Information
      • Common people, usually the poor and those without property, were most often accused of such charge.
      • More than 75% accused were women that were single or widowed and over 50 years old.
      • Under intense torture, accused witches confessed to a number of practices.
      • Such as. ------------------------ 
    • Witchcraft Practices
      • Sworn allegiance to the devil.
      • Attended Sabbaths.
      • Nightly gatherings.
      • Some admitted of casting evil spells.
    • Ending Of Witchcraft
      • By the end of 1650 witchcraft hysteria begun to lessen and governments grew stronger, fewer officials were willing to disrupt their societies with witch trials any more.
      • Ending of the old view of a world haunted by evil spirits.
    • The Stuarts and Divine Right
      • With the death of Queen Elizabeth 1 the Tudor dynasty came to an end.
      • The Stuart line of rulers began with accession to the throne of Elizabeth’s cousin James I of England.
      • The belief that James received all his power from God and was responsible only to God is called divine right of kings . Parliament did not think much of this though.
    • The Stuarts and Divine Right (Cont.)
      • The puritans didn’t like the king’s strong defense of the church of England.
      • Many of England’s gentry had chosen to become puritans. The puritan gentry became an important part of the House of Commons.
      • Charles I also believed in the divine right of kings just like his father James I.
      • In 1628,parliament passed a petition that prohibited the passing’s of any taxes without parliaments consent.
      • Charles tried to impose more ritual on the church. When he tried to impose this puritans moved to the Americas .
      • The religious struggles of the reformation impacted America greatly.
    • The Stuarts and Divine Right (1642)
      • *Civil war broke out in 1642 between the supporters of the kings and the parliamentary forces.
      • Parliament was victorious because of the new model army of Oliver Cromwell .   
      • The new model army consisted of well disciplined and trained men in the new military tactics of the 17th century.
      • Parliament later chose to execute Charles I on January 30,1649. This left England in horrid state of mind.
      • Parliament then abolished the monarchy and the house of Lords. They also declared England a republic or commonwealth
    • The Restoration
      • Cromwell ruled until he died in 1658. George Monk created a situation favorable to restoring the monarchy in the place of Charles the second.
      • Parliament passed laws to restore the Church of England as the state religion and restricting some rights of Catholics and puritans.
      • But Charles suspended the laws. Parliament began to become suspicious and forced him to back down on his action.
      • When Charles died leaving no heirs to the throne, James the second became king in 1685.
    • The Restoration (Cont.)
      • Because James was a devout catholic religion as once again an issue between parliament and king.
      • He promoted Catholics to high positions in society.