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10 4 (part 2)
 

10 4 (part 2)

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    10 4 (part 2) 10 4 (part 2) Presentation Transcript

    • Causes, Effects, and Conflicts
      The American Revolution
    • Do Now!
      Do people have the right to protest against a government they feel is oppressive?
      Is rebellion legitimate in this case?
      Even if it is considered treason?
    • Spotlight Video
      **Click the above image to play video**
    • Background of Colonial America
      American colonies
      Controlled by Britain
      Jamestown
      Established 1607
      First British-American colony
      Other Important Colonies
      1620 – Plymouth, MA (the Pilgrims)
      1630 – Massachusetts Bay Colony
      1634 – Maryland
      1636 – Providence, RI
    • Seven Years’ War
      Global military conflict
      Between 1756 and 1763
      Fought on several fronts
      European
      American
      Involving most of the great powers
      Affecting North and Central America
      Europe
      West African coast
      India
      Philippines
      Conflict in the Americas
      “The French and Indian War
    • French and Indian War
      Britain vs. France (1740s)
      Over American territory
      Ohio River Valley
      General George Washington
      Led British troops against France
      Forced to surrender at Fort Necessity
      Albany Conference
      Meeting with colonists and Iroquois Indians
      Accomplishments:
      No alliance, Iroquois stay neutral
      Appoint supreme colonial army commander
      Albany Plan of Union
      Proposed colonies unite to form a federal government
      Benjamin Franklin*
      Plan rejected
      1759 – British Victory
      Reinforcements from Britain
      Defeat France in Quebec City, New France
    • Map of the Seven Years’ War
    • Salutary Neglect
      Salutary Neglect (1607 – 1763)
      Undocumented, long-standing
      No strict enforcement of parliamentary law
      Keep American colonies obedient to Britain
      Robert Walpole
      Prime Minister
      “If no restrictions were placed on the colonies, they would flourish”
      Navigation Acts not enforced
      Established under Oliver Cromwell & Charles II
      Colonists trade only with England, Scotland & Ireland
      Which were also under Britain's control
      Ended with the Seven Years’ War
    • British Oppression
      Sugar Act (1764)
      Imported raw sugar and molasses
      New tax on silk, wine, coffee, indigo
      Seizure of goods without due process*
      Currency Act (1764)
      Banned use of paper money in colonies
      Tended to lose value quickly
      Quartering Act (1765)
      Goal – Make colonies pay for their own defense
      Colonists provide barracks for British troops
      Stamp Act (1765)
      Tax on all printed materials
      Direct Tax – paid directly to Parliament
      Declaratory Act (1766)
      Parliament only makes colonial law
      Townsend Act (1767)
      Raise property taxes in colonies
    • Early Talk of Rebellion
      “No Taxation without Representation!”
      Colonial slogan
      Unfair to pay, when they have no say
      Sons of Liberty (1765)
      Organized meetings and protests
      Try to intimidate stamp distributers
      Stamp Act Congress
      Declaration of Rights and Grievances
      Political representatives, not parliament, had the right to tax
      Asked King George and parliament to revoke Stamp Act
    • Boston Massacre
      Boston Massacre
      March 5, 1770
      British killed 5 colonial men
      Spark rebellion in some British colonies
      Leads to American Revolutionary War
      British increase in troops in Boston
      Led to tense situation
      Erupted into brawls between soldiers & civilians
      Troops fired after being threatened by mob
      Colonial Casualties
      3 civilians were killed at the scene
      11 injured
      2 died after the incident
    • American Colonists demand freedom
      The Revolution begins
      The American Revolution
    • American Revolution Video
      **Click the above image to play video**
    • The Revolution Begins
      Gaspee Affair
      Smuggling issue (RI)
      Gaspee = British ship
      Suspect trials in Britain
      Committee of Correspondence
      Jefferson
      All colonies communicate about British
      Boston Tea party
      Boston, MA
      Tea Act (May, 1773)
      Tax on tea
      Help East India Trading Company
      Tea Party (Dec, 1773)
      Colonists dump tea in to harbor
      Dressed as Native Americans
    • The Revolution Begins (2)
      Coercive Acts (1774)
      Laws applied only to MA
      What it did:
      Shut Boston Harbor (pay for tea)
      Government officials appointed, not elected
      Banned town meetings
      British soldier trials in Britain
      Expand Quartering Act
      Became “Intolerable Acts”
      1st Continental Congress
      September 5, 1774
      Philadelphia, PA
      55 delegates form 12 colonies
      Discuss revolution
      2nd meeting  May 1775
    • Loyalists
      Patriots
      “Torries”
      Loyal to the King (Britain)
      Who:
      Government officials
      Anglican ministers
      Frontier farmers
      Fought Patriot boycotts
      20% of adults when the war started
      “Whigs”
      British = tyrants
      Who:
      Wide variety
      Farmers
      Merchants
      Artisans
      Lawyers
      Strong in New England
      30-40 %of adults when the war started
      A Divided Colonial America
    • Lexington and Concord
      April 1775
      British to arrest rebellious colonists
      March to Concord
      700 Troops
      Secret Plan
      Colonist response
      Know about the secret
      Paul Revere
      Sent to spread the alarm
      “The British are coming!”
      Lexington and Concord
      Site of first battles
      “The shot heard around the world”
    • Map of the First battles
    • The Enlightenment in America
      The American Revolution
      STOP
    • The Declaration of Independence
      **Click the above image to play video**