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Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP
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Introduction to University Teaching - ORHEP

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  • 1. Centre for Educational Development Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project ORHEP ProjectApproaches toUniversity TeachingDr Sean Walton www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -1 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 2. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP ProjectAn Introduction to University Teaching • Theories of teaching. • The HE Academy & university teaching - areas (what does teaching involve). - knowledge. - values. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -2 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 3. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Learning OutcomesAt the end of this section, you should have:• Reflected on your own approach(es) to teaching, and begun to place this within overarching theories of teaching. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -3 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 4. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project What is University Teaching?• Individually, describe on one post-it note what university teaching means to you. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -4 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 5. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Some theories of teaching Prosser & Trigwell: Lindblom-Ylanne Approaches to Teaching Approaches to Teaching Inventory (ATI) Ramsden Three Theories of Teaching www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -5 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 6. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP ProjectApproaches to Teaching Inventory (ATI) • Prosser & Trigwell (1999). • Draws from research into (science) lecturers’ conceptions of teaching. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License - 6 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 7. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Line-up Activity• In responding to each of the following questions from the ATI, think of a particular teaching context.• You will be asked to position yourselves on a continuum from ‘almost always true for me in this context’ to ‘only rarely true for www.orhep.brad.ac.uk me’. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -7 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 8. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project• In this subject I concentrate on covering the information that might be available from a good textbook.• We take time out in classes so that students can discuss, among themselves, the difficulties that they encounter studying this subject. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk strategy This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -8 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 9. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project• I feel a lot of teaching time in this subject should be used to question students’ ideas.• I feel it is important to present a lot of facts in classes so that students know what they have to learn for this subject. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk intention This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -9 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 10. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project ATI and types of teaching• ATI: 2 main approaches to teaching - Conceptual change/student focused approach. - Information transmission/ teacher focused approach.• But note concern about validity of ATI as a www.orhep.brad.ac.uk research tool (Meyer & Eley, 2005). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -10 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 11. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Approaches to Teaching(Sari Lindblom-Ylänne, U of Helsinki, e.g. Lindblom-Ylänne et al (2006); Postareff et al (2007))• Content-focused approach to teaching – focus on transmission of knowledge – generally repeat traditional and familiar ways of teaching• Learning-focused approach to teaching – teaching to improve student learning – emphasis on continuous enhancement of own teaching• (also looking at how AtT are affected by disciplinary and teaching context) www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -11 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 12. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Ramsden’s 3 Theories of Teaching Ramsden(2003)1 Teaching as telling or transmission. - Transmission of authoritative content. - Teacher as source of undistorted information. - Failure to learn is blamed on students. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -12 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 13. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project2 Teaching as organising student activity - Focus on what the student does. - Orchestrate teaching to generate learning activity. - But may be failure to fully integrate T&L activity with students’ learning of www.orhep.brad.ac.uk subject. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -13 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 14. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project3 Teaching as making learning possible. - T, L & subject linked in overarching system - Teacher’s focus is on identifying & overcoming barriers to students’ learning - Teacher recognises knowledge of the subject is constituted by the learner www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -14 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 15. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP ProjectThe HE Academy & University Teachers • Areas of activity (what does teaching involve). • Knowledge (what do we need to know to be effective). • Values. www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License - 15 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 16. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP ProjectActivity: areas, knowledge & valuesIn table groups discuss & produce a brief listof what YOU feel might constitute:• The key activities of teaching in HE, or• The core knowledge required by all HE teachers to be effective, or• Professional values that should be shared www.orhep.brad.ac.uk by all HE teachers. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -16 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 17. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project HEA: The UK Professional Standards FrameworkPlease take a moment to consider theUKPSFhttp://www.heacademy.ac.uk/ukpsf www.orhep.brad.ac.uk This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -17 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 18. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Areas of activity1. Design and plan learning activities and/or programmes of study.2. Teach and/or support learning.3. Assess and give feedback to learners.4. Develop effective learning environments and approaches to student support and guidance.5. Engage in continuing professional development in subjects/disciplines and their pedagogy, incorporating research, scholarship and the evaluation of professional www.orhep.brad.ac.uk practices. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -18 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 19. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Core Knowledge1. The subject material.2. Appropriate methods for teaching and learning in the subject area and at the level of the academic programme.3. How students learn, both generally and within their subject/ disciplinary area(s).4. The use and value of appropriate learning technologies.5. Methods for evaluating the effectiveness of teaching.6. The implications of quality assurance and quality www.orhep.brad.ac.uk enhancement for academic and professional practice with a particular focus on teaching. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -19 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 20. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Professional Values1. Respect individual learners and diverse learning communities.2. Promote participation in higher education and equality of opportunity for learners.3. Use evidence-informed approaches and the outcomes from research, scholarship and continuing professional development.4. V4 Acknowledge the wider context in which higher education operates recognising the implicationswww.orhep.brad.ac.uk for professional practice. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -20 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk
  • 21. Centre for Educational Development ORHEP Project Specific ReferencesLindblom-Ylänne, S, Trigwell, K, Nevgi, A & Ashwin, P (2006). How approaches to teaching are affected by discipline and teaching context, Studies in Higher Education, 31 (3), 285-298.Meyer, JHF & Eley, MG (2006) The approaches to teaching inventory: a critique of its development and applicability, British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 633-649.Postareff, L, Lindblom-Ylänne, S & Nevgi, A (2007). The effect of pedagogical training on teaching in higher education, Teaching and Teacher Education, 23 (5) 557-571.Prosser, M & Trigwell, K (1999) Understanding Learning and Teaching, Buckingham: SRHE & Open University Press. www.orhep.brad.ac.ukRamsden, P (2003) Learning to Teach in Higher Education 2nd edition, London: RoutledgeFalmer. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License -21 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ www.orhep.brad.ac.uk

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