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Altynai power point template Altynai power point template Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 13 Changes in the western frontier 1786 1862-1900 1879Great Plains were The Homestead Exodusters was athe grass land Acts were several name given toexisting through the United States African Americanswest-central portion federal laws that who migrated fromon the US, while gave an applicant states along thedistinctive and highly ownership of land, Mississippi River todeveloped Native typically called a Kansas in the lateAmerican ways of "homestead", at little nineteenth century,life existed. or no cost. In the as part of the United States, this Exoduster originally consisted Movement or of grants totaling Exodus of 1879.[ 160 acres 1
  • Chapter 13 Changes in the western frontier 1786 1862-1900 1879Great Plains were The Homestead Exodusters was athe grass land Acts were several name given toexisting through the United States African Americanswest-central portion federal laws that who migrated fromon the US, while gave an applicant states along thedistinctive and highly ownership of land, Mississippi River todeveloped Native typically called a Kansas in the lateAmerican ways of "homestead", at little nineteenth century,life existed. or no cost. In the as part of the United States, this Exoduster originally consisted Movement or of grants totaling Exodus of 1879.[ 160 acres 2
  • 1864 1868 1876The Sand Creek Sitting Bull (Lakota: George ArmstrongMassacre (also Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake Custer (December 5,known as the in Standard Lakota 1839 – June 25,Chivington Orthography,[2] also 1876) was a UnitedMassacre, the Battle nicknamed Slon-he States Army officerof Sand Creek or the or "Slow"; c. 1831 – and cavalryMassacre of December 15, 1890) commander in theCheyenne Indians) was a Hunkpapa American Civil Warwas an atrocity in Lakota Sioux holy and the Indian Wars.the Indian Wars of man who led histhe United States people as a tribalthat occurred on chief during years ofNovember 29, 1864 resistance to United States government policies. 3 http://www.bigredhair.com/boilerplate/intro.html
  • Chapter 13 Changes in the western frontier  The Dawes Act of 1887 (also known as the  The Ghost Dance (Caddo: Nanissáanah,[1] General Allotment Act or the Dawes Severalty also called the Ghost Dance of 1890) was a Act of 1887),[1][2] adopted by Congress in new religious movement which was 1887, authorized the President of the United incorporated into numerous Native American States to survey Indian tribal land and divide it belief systems. into allotments for individual Indians. Dawes Act was amended in 1891 and again in 1906 by  1890 the Burke Act.  1887 James Butler Hickok (May 27, 1837 – August 2,  Long Drive- overland transport of the animals 1876), better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a often lasted about three months folk hero of the American Old West  1866-1885 1876 . 5
  • Chapter 14•A new industrial age•Main events 1859-1901 1839-1987 1890 Monopoly is a John P. Rockefeller complete control was an owner of Sherman Antitrust over it’s industry’s Standard Oil Act made it illegal to production ,wages Company form a trust that and prices. established by john interfered with free P.,they took a trade between states different approach, or with other they joined with countries. competing companies in trust agreements. 6
  • Chapter 14-main events 1886 1891 1894-1905 Collective bargaining Eugene V, DebsSamuel Gompers is a process of attempted to formled the Cigar negotiations between such an industrialMaker’s International employers and a union- The AmericanUnion to join with group of employees, Railway Union.other craft unions. aimed at reaching at reaching agreements that regulate working conditions. 7
  • Socialism is an Culture Shock is aeconomic and Mugwumps were personalpolitical system Republican political Credit Mobilier is an Trust is referred to disorientation,maybased on activities who bolted American railroad as corporations such feel whengovernment control from the US construction as Standard Oil experiencing anof business and Republican Party by company setup by company that took a unfamiliar way of lifeproperty and equal supporting the Union Pacific different way by due to immigration.distribution of Democratic Railroad to build the joining with It started in 1865wealth. candidate Grover 1st Transcontinental competing when millions of Cleveland in the US Railroad in 1860s companies in trust immigrants came to agreements. Presidential Election America from of 1884 different countries. 1885 1861-1870 1877 1884 1865 1860s William Jennings Sweat shop is a Bessemer Process Bryan signed his negatively connoted developed position as secretary term for any working independently by the of state. He gave a environment British manufacturer Cross of Gold considered to be Henry Bessemer Speech. unacceptably and American iron Vanderbilt Family is difficult or maker William Kelly an American family dangerous. Used for around 1850-1866. of dutch origin builders of early Soon became widely prominent during the skyscrapers in New used . Injecting air Gilded Age began York City into molten iron to with Cornelius remove carbon and Vanderbilt other inpurities. 8
  • Chapter 15 Immigrants and Urbanization.1870-1892 1894 1890sEllis Island In New York Harbor. Melting Pot is a mixture of people Angel Island in San Francisco About 20 % of the of different cultures and races Bay .Asians,primarily Chinese, immigrants at Ellis Island blended together by were arriving on the West were detained for a day or abandoning their native coast gained admission at more before being languages and customs. Angel Island. Thought by Native Americans. inspected. However, only 2% of those were denied entry. 1880s 1890s Settlement House were community Urbanization is a growth of cities; centers in slum mostly in the regions of the neighborhoods that provided Northeast and Midwest. assistance to people in the area ,especially immigrants, established by a few reformers. 9
  • Chapter 15 Immigrants and Urbanization1868-1890 1868 1876-1890Graft is an illegal use of political Tammany Hall is the New York Patronage is the giving of influence for personal gain; City’s powerful democratic government jobs to people political machine in 1868;Boss who had helped a candidate Tweed was in head. get elected;in Andrew Jackson’s administration this political system was called a Spoils System1870s 1869-1871 1876-1890Kickback is an illegal payment for Tweed Ring was a group of corrupt Civil Service was a government the services , enriched the politicians in defrauding the administration- job should to political machines and city;Boss Tweed led it in 1869- the most qualified persons, individual politicians. 1871 reformers believed in Civil Service. 10
  • Chapter 15 Main events1879 1880sJacob Riis pointed out , these Political machine was an organized group that controlled the activities of a political party in a multifamily urban dwellings,called city; also offered services to voters and tenements ,were overcrowded and businesses in exchange for political and financial unsanitary support1886-1890 1883Jane Addams was one of the most influential The resulting Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 members of the movement of Settlement authorized a bipartisan civil service commission Houses. to make appointments to federal jobs through a merit system based on candidates` performance on examination. 11
  • Chapter 16 Life At The Turn Of The 20th Century1870s 1900 1860s-1870sFrederick Law Olmsted Booker T. Washington Poll tax is an annual tax was a landscape was a prominent that had to be paid architect;spearheaded African American before qualifying to the movement for educator;believed that vote planned urban parks racism would end when blacks will get a good education1888 1895 1870sGeorge Eastman W.E.B. Du Bois is the 1st Southern States passed developed a series of African American to racial segregation laws more convenient receive a doctorate to separate white and alternatives to the from Harvard in 1895 black people in public heavy glass plates and private facilities. previously used. 12
  • Chapter 16-main events 1870s 1895 Jim Crow Laws were William Randolph Hearst passed in Southern purchased the New York States to separate Morning Journal in 1895. whites and blacks in public and private facilities1896 1911 1870s-1880sIn Plessy v. Ferguson, the Debt Peonage was a system Mark Twain is a novelist and Supreme Court ruled that that bound laborers into humorist declared the “ the separation of races in slavery in order to work independence of literature public accommodations off a debt to the employer and all that bosh”. Also the was legal and did not author of “ Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” violate the 14th Amendment. 13
  • Chapter 161872 1883Mail order catalog launched in 1872, Joseph Pulitizer was a Hungarian immigrant grew from a single sheet the 1st year who had brought the New York World in to a booklet with ordering 1883, pioneered popular innovations. instructions in 10 languages1899-1890 1892Vaundeville was a performance like Ida B. Wells was born into slavery shortly before chorus,song, jugging. African Americans emancipation;worked as a teacher in filled roles ,mainly in shows Memphis; later an editor of a local paper;radical justice. 14