What is organ donation and transplantation?Organ transplantation is the surgical removal of an organ or tissues from one person (the donor) and placing it in another person (the recipient). Organ donation is when you allow your organs or tissues to be removed and given to someone else. Most donated organs and tissues are from people who have died. But, a living person can donate some organs. Blood, stem cells, and platelets can also be donated.
Experts say that the organs from one donor can save or help as many as 50 people. Organs you can donate include Internal organs: Kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungsSkinBone and bone marrowCornea
Yes,There are no age limits on who can be an organ donor. Newborns as well as senior citizens have been organ donors. If you are younger than 18, you must have a parent’s or guardian’s consent.If you are 18 years or older and tissue donor by signing a donor card.People with certain medical conditions cannot donate on organ. This includes people with:HIVActively spreading brain cancerCertain severe, current infections
Give an example to make it more understandable
Transcript of "Organ Donation"
ORGAN DONATIONPrepared by Tania Sarkissian & Narik Zadikian TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
INTRODUCTION What is organ donation and transplantation?• Organ transplantation is the surgical removal of an organ or tissues from one person (the donor) and placing it in another person (the recipient). Organ donation is when you allow your organs or tissues to be removed and given to someone else. Most donated organs and tissues are from people who have died. But, a living person can donate some organs. Blood, stem cells, and platelets can also be donated. TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
Experts say that the organs from one donor cansave or help as many as 50 people. Organs youcan donate include Internal organs: Kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungs Skin Bone and bone marrow Cornea TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
CAN YOU BE AN ORGAN DONOR? Ye s , No, There are no age limits on who People with certain medical can be an organ donor. conditions cannot donate on Newborns as well as senior organ. This includes people citizens have been organ with: donors. If you are younger than 18, you must have a HIV parent’s or guardian’s consent. Actively spreading brain cancer If you are 18 years or older and Certain severe, current tissue donor by signing a infections donor card. TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
RISK OF ORGAN DONATIONTANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
DOES ORGAN DONATION DISFIGURE YOUR BODY ?No, of course not. Donation does not change the appearance of the body. Organs are removed surgically in a routine operation. It does not interfere with having a funeral, including opencasket services TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
QUICK! WHAT HOLIDAY ISCELEBRATED ON FEBRUARY 14? TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
FEBRUARY 14Sure, its Valentines Day; but another observance on that date is even closer tothe hearts of thousands of people nationwide.Thats because February 14 is National Donor Day, which aims to focusattention on the donation of organs, tissues, marrow, platelets, and blood.Each year, approximately 28,000 sick people in the United States receive life-saving organ transplants.Drivers licenses often have a spot to note whether their bearers wish to beconsidered for organ donation when they die. As a result, teens often findthemselves thinking about the subject. Have you? TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
How to Become a Donor Indicate your wish to become a donor on yourdrivers license. Join the donor registry in your country if there isone.Tell your family. There is no national donorregistry, so family members need to know how toexecute your wishes.•Complete a donor card and carry it with you. TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
THE TWO FACES OF ORGAN DONATION, THE DONOR AND THE RECIPIENT YOURE IN THE WAITING ROOM OF the hospital, and someone you love has just died,brain-injured from a car accident. You probably TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012feel numb, struggling to cope with the pain and to accept whats happened. The last thing you want is to be asked to consider donating theirorgans and tissues (especially if you dont know what their wishes would have been). Now imagine you are, or care for, someone who is desperately sick and whose only chanceof survival is an organ transplant. Youve beenwaiting, hoping, through many months of daily suspense and tension, knowing time is runningout. Waiting and hoping for the mobile or pager you carry at all times to ring; that a donor may have been found; and that their blood and tissue type may be compatible.
Myth: Im too old to donate. Nobody would want my organs. Fact: Theres no defined cutoff age for donating organs. Organs have been successfully transplanted from donors in their 70s and 80s. The decision to use your organs is based on strict medical criteria, not age. Dont disqualify yourself prematurely. Let the TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012 doctors decide at your time of death whether your organs and tissues are suitable for transplantation. Myth: Im not in the best ofMYTHS health. Nobody would want my organs or tissues. Fact: Very few medical conditions automatically disqualify you from donating organs. The decision to use an organ is based on strict medical criteria. It may turn out that certain organs are not suitable for transplantation, but other organs and tissues may be fine. Dont disqualify yourself prematurely. Only medical professionals at the time of your death can determine whether your organs are suitable for transplantation.
Myth: Id like to donate one of my kidneys now,but I wouldnt be allowed to do that unless one of MYTHSmy family members is in need.Fact: While that used to be the case, it isnt any longer.Whether its a distant family member, friend or completestranger you want to help, you can donate a kidneythrough certain transplant centers. If you decide tobecome a living donor, you will undergo extensivequestioning to ensure that you are aware of the risks andthat your decision to donate isnt based on financial gain.You will also undergo testing to determine if yourkidneys are in good shape and whether you can live ahealthy life with just one kidney. Tania Sarkissian - 28 May 2012
Myth: Rich and famous people go to the top of the list when they need adonor organ.Fact: The rich and famous arent given priority when it comes to allocatingorgans. It may seem that way because of the amount of publicity generatedwhen celebrities receive a transplant, but they are treated no differently fromanyone else. In fact, the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), theorganization responsible for maintaining the national organ transplantnetwork, subjects all celebrity transplants to an internal audit to make sure theorgan allocation was appropriate. For More Info on Organ Donation, Click on the following arrow Tania Sarkissian - 28 May 2012
BIBLIOGRAPHYThe gift of life." Ebony July 2005: 66. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 25 May2012.Document URLhttp://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA133683298&v=2.1&u=lau&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w"Organ donation." Choice [Chippendale, Australia] Aug. 2000: 22. ExpandedAcademic ASAP. Web. 25 May 2012.Document URLhttp://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA67265543&v=2.1&u=lau&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
BIBLIOGRAPHY Organ Donation and Transplantation Fact Sheet." Womenshealth.gov. Web. 25 May2012. <http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/organ-donation.cfm>. "A gift from the heart." Current Health Teens, a Weekly Reader publication Feb.2012: 5. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 25 May 2012.Document URLhttp://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA278630195&v=2.1&u=lau&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Organ Donation: Dont Let These Myths Confuse You."Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 03 Apr. 2010.Web. 25 May 2012. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/organ-donation/FL00077/METHOD=print>. TANIA SARKISSIAN - 28 MAY 2012
Thank you For Your attentionTania Sarkissian and Narik Zadikian TANIA SARKISSIAN - MAY 28 2012
About 4,100 transplant candidates are added to the national waiting list each month. Each day, about 77 people receive organ transplants. But still about 18 people die each day waiting for transplants that cant take place because of the shortage of donated organs. There are now more than 105,000 people on the waiting list for solid organ transplants. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
Where does religion stand when it comes toorgan donation?It is advisable to talk to the church leader orto the religious organizations before donatingan organ. But most religions are similar in thesense that they all support organ and tissuedonation as a charitable act of love andgiving.Some religions even go on to say that it is asin not to donate your organs when possible. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
Table showing the reasons of donation Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
The donor’s family neither pays nor receives( in normal cases) payment for organ and tissue donation. Some recipients have problems in affording the cost, thus some local, regional, and national organizations help them through grants and services. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
This is absolutely false since the transplant team is completely different from the medical staff which is working on saving your life. The transplant team doesn’t intervene unless the doctors have stated that all possible efforts to save your life have failed. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
If you need an organ transplant, your doctor will help you get on the national waiting list. To get on the list, you need to visit a transplant hospital. The transplant doctor will examine and decide whether you meet the criteria or not. When and organ donor is available and you are suitable for that organ, you will get it. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
Blood and tissue type Size of the organ Medical urgency of the patient’s illness Time already spent on the waiting list Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
The immune system and organdonation• The immune system is made up of cells, tissues, and organs that work constantly to keep out foreign materials.• It also has the ability to differentiate between the self cells and the cells that don’t belong to our body and are foreign.• In people, the markers are referred to as the human leukocyte antigen (HLA), and the body attacks the foreign cells in case the HLA markers of the donor and the recipient are not similar leading to the failure of the transplant.5/25/2012 Narik Zadikian
Donations will not delay or force the funerals to be postponed. It will not affects the outer physical shape of the body, thus not interfering with an open-casket funeral viewing. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
As you know, the organ shortage is the reason why patients must wait for transplants. You can help promote organ and tissue donation by urging others to become an organ donors. The number of registered donors in the states in 2006 was about 60 million, and this number increased to 100 million and is still increasing. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
If the surgery could be done while the donor is still alive, these steps should be taken: Tell the doctor about the drugs you already take. Stop drinking alcohol Stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, warfarin (Coumadin), and any other drugs that make it hard for your blood to clot. Ask your doctor which drugs you should still take on the day of your surgery. If you smoke, try to stop. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
1954: ON DECEMBER 23, THE FIRST SUCCESSFUL LIVING-RELATED KIDNEY TRANSPLANT LED BY DR. JOSEPH MURRAY AND DR. DAVID HUME AT BRIGHAM HOSPITAL IN BOSTON: A KIDNEY WAS TRANSPLANTED FROM RONALD HERRICK INTO HIS IDENTICAL TWIN, RICHARD. 1963: FIRST SUCCESSFUL LUNG TRANSPLANT LED BY DR. JAMES HARDY . 1966: FIRST SUCCESSFUL PANCREAS/KIDNEY TRANSPLANT LED BY DRS. RICHARD LILLEHEI AND WILLIAM KELLY 1967: FIRST SUCCESSFUL HEART TRANSPLANT LED BY DR. CHRISTIAAN BARNARD 1989: FIRST SUCCESSFUL SMALL INTESTINE TRANSPLANT. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
1) MedlinePlus- TALKING ABOUT TRANSPLANTATION, 2) Organ Donation and Transplantation Fact Sheet." Womenshealth.gov. Web. 25 May 2012. <http://www.womenshealth.gov/publicatio ns/our-publications/fact-sheet/organ- donation.cfm>. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
1) MedlinePlus- TALKING ABOUT TRANSPLANTATION, 2) Mackay DR, Miraliakbari R, eds. Skin grafts. Operative Techniques in General Story. December 2006; 8(4);197-206. Narik Zadikian 5/25/2012
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