Gene therapy is a form of molecular medicine that has the potential to influence significantly human health in this 21st century. It promises to provide new treatments for a large number of inherited and acquired diseases (Verma and Weitzman, 2005). The basic concept of gene therapy is simple which includes introduction of a piece of genetic material into target cells that will result in either a cure for the disease or a slowdown in the progression of the disease. To achieve this goal, gene therapy requires technologies capable of gene transfer into a wide variety of cells, tissues, and organs. A key factor in the success of gene therapy is the development of delivery systems that are capable of efficient gene transfer in a variety of tissues, without causing any associated pathogenic effects. Vectors based upon many different viral systems, including retroviruses, lentiviruses, adenoviruses, and adeno-associated viruses, currently offer the best choice for efficient gene delivery.