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Identifying Warblers On the Upper Texas Coast (A Seminar) Produced for the Houston Audubon Society by Don Richardson ©   2...
Special Photographs from Texas Photographers Linda Alley Erik Breden Bill Duke Dwayne Litteer
Photographs are from   Vireo* and Cornell Photographers: <ul><li>Johann Schumacher </li></ul><ul><li>John Heidecker </li><...
Migration The American Redstart (see left) migrates across the Gulf of Mexico. Many warblers do just that.  They migrate f...
The Genus  Protonotaria The one species in the genus  Protonotaria   is a regular migrant and breeder on the Upper Texas C...
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
The Genus  Vermivora We’ll discuss six species in the genus  Vermivora : <ul><li>Blue-winged Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Gol...
About Vermivora   Warblers <ul><li>Small with sharply pointed bills. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack strong contrasting patterns. <...
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus Song © 2005 Bill Duke
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus © 2005 Bill Duke
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Song
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
Brewster’s Warbler Blue-winged / Golden-winged Hybrid
Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina © 2005 Linda Alley
Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina © 2005 Bill Duke
Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina
Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata Song
Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata © 2005 Linda Alley
Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata © 2005 Linda Alley © 2005 Linda Alley
Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Song
Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla
The Genus  Parula We see just two species in the genus  Parula  on the Upper Texas Coast. One of them, the Tropical Parula...
About Parula   Warblers <ul><li>Small with green or black patches on the back. </li></ul><ul><li>Pale mandibles. </li></ul...
Northern Parula Parula americana Song
Northern Parula Parula americana
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi Song
The Genus  Dendroica Our largest genus is  Dendroica . We’ll look at eighteen species. <ul><li>Chestnut-sided Warbler </li...
About Dendroica   Warblers <ul><li>Most have contrasting plumage marks (eye patterns, tail spots, wingbars, flank streaks)...
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Song
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica © 2005 Linda Alley
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
Cape May Warbler - Male Dendroica tigrina Song
Cape May Warbler - Female Dendroica tigrina
Magnolia Warbler - Male Dendroica magnolia Song Call
Magnolia Warbler - Female Dendroica magnolia
Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata Song Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens Song Call
Black-throated Blue Warbler - Female Dendroica caerulescens
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea Song
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca Song © 2005 Bill Duke
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca © 2005 Linda Alley
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca © 2005 Bill Duke
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca Song
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica negrescens Song
Townsend’s Warbler Dendroica townsendi Song
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens ©  2005 Linda Alley
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica
Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor Song
Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea Song
Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea © 2005 Linda Alley
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus
Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus
Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum Song
Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia © 2005 Dwayne Litteer
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia © 2005 Linda Alley © 2005 Linda Alley
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia © 2005 Linda Alley
The Genus  Mniotilta The only species in the genus  Mniotilta  on the Upper Texas Coast is the Black-and-white Warbler.  I...
About Mniotilta   Warblers <ul><li>Medium sized. </li></ul><ul><li>Feed by crawling along branches and trunks in search of...
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia © 2005 Linda Alley
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia © 2005 Bill Duke
The Genus  Oporornis The genus  oporornis  contains four species seen on the Upper Texas Coast but some are pretty rare. <...
About Oporornis   Warblers <ul><li>Medium-large in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Feed on or near the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>O...
Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia Song
Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia
MacGillivray’s Warbler Oporornis tolmiei Song
MacGillivray’s Warbler Oporornis tolmiei © 2005 Linda Alley
Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis Song
Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
The Genus  Wilsonia On the Upper Texas Coast we can see three members of the genus  Wilsonia . <ul><li>Canada Warbler </li...
About Wilsonia   Warblers <ul><li>Small in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Green or gray above. </li></ul><ul><li>Black markings o...
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis Song © 2005 Linda Alley
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis © 2005 Linda Alley
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla Song Call
Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina Song
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina © 2005 Linda Alley
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina © 2005 Linda Alley
The Genera  Helmitheros   and   Limnothlypis These genera contain just one species each and are listed respectively. <ul><...
About   Helmitheros 1   and   Limnothlypis 2   Warblers <ul><li>1 - </li></ul><ul><li>Spike bill and short tail with bold ...
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Song Call
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus © 2005 Bill Duke
Swainson’s Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Song © 2005 Erik Breden
Swainson’s Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii
The Genus  Seiurus The three species in the genus  Seiurus  are all ground feeders. <ul><li>Ovenbird </li></ul><ul><li>Lou...
About Seiurus   Warblers <ul><li>Large, walking, terrestrial species. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown or olive upperparts. </li></...
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Song
Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla © 2005 Linda Alley © 2005 Linda Alley
Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis Song Call
The Genus  Geothlypis There is but one species in the genus  Geothlypis   in North America. <ul><li>Common Yellowthroat </...
About Geothlypis   Warblers <ul><li>Large, skulking, and wren-like. </li></ul><ul><li>Prefers the marsh or dense brush. </...
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Song Song Call
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas © 2005 Linda Alley
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas © 2005 Linda Alley
Common Yellowthroat ♀ Geothlypis trichas © 2005 Bill Duke
The Genus  Icteria The only species in the genus  Icteria   is well named. It is truly the champion “loudmouth” of all the...
About Icteria   Warblers <ul><li>One very large warbler. </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptionally thick bill. </li></ul><ul><li>Lon...
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
The Genus  Setophaga The only species in the genus  Setophaga   is a regular migrant on the Upper Texas Coast. <ul><li>Ame...
About Setophaga   Warblers <ul><li>Strong sexual dimorphism. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult plumage reached in the second year. <...
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla © 2005 Bill Duke Song Call
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla © 2005 Linda Alley
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Houston Audubon Society We are one of the largest and most active chapters of the National Audubon Society. Houston Audubo...
Houston Audubon Sanctuaries include over 3000 acres of varied habitat including the internationally famous High Island and...
The author of this program hopes you will help the Houston Audubon Society continue to maintain these sanctuaries and to o...
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  • Title Slide Program is the property of The Houston Audubon Society and Don Richardson Photographs are the property of the photographers. Copyright – 2005 by Don Richardson
  • Several Texas or TEXBIRDS members provided photographs.
  • Many photographs are from collections at Vireo (designated *) and Cornell.
  • Migration This American Redstart migrates across the Gulf of Mexico. Many warblers do just that. There are very good reasons why warblers migrate – some of them, you might not expect.
  • Transcript of "Tp warblers-presentation"

    1. 1. Identifying Warblers On the Upper Texas Coast (A Seminar) Produced for the Houston Audubon Society by Don Richardson © 2005 Version - Preliminary
    2. 2. Special Photographs from Texas Photographers Linda Alley Erik Breden Bill Duke Dwayne Litteer
    3. 3. Photographs are from Vireo* and Cornell Photographers: <ul><li>Johann Schumacher </li></ul><ul><li>John Heidecker </li></ul><ul><li>John Dunning </li></ul><ul><li>L. Page Brown </li></ul><ul><li>Lang Elliott </li></ul><ul><li>Linda Drake </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Hopiak </li></ul><ul><li>R. & N. Bowers* </li></ul><ul><li>William Paff </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson Bloomer </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Inst. </li></ul><ul><li>Betty Cottrille </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Dyre </li></ul><ul><li>D. & M. Zimmerman* </li></ul><ul><li>D. & E. Phillips </li></ul><ul><li>Donald Waite </li></ul><ul><li>Doug Wechsler* </li></ul><ul><li>E. Endrigo* </li></ul><ul><li>Herbert Clark </li></ul><ul><li>Isidor Jaklin </li></ul><ul><li>J. Hoffman </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Murray </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Wedge </li></ul>
    4. 4. Migration The American Redstart (see left) migrates across the Gulf of Mexico. Many warblers do just that. They migrate for very good reasons. Some of them might surprise you.
    5. 5. The Genus Protonotaria The one species in the genus Protonotaria is a regular migrant and breeder on the Upper Texas Coast. <ul><li>Prothonotary Warbler </li></ul>This one Protonotaria genus member is noted for its bright color, a large bill, a short tail and the unusual habit (for a warbler) of nesting in a cavity.
    6. 6. Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    7. 7. Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
    8. 8. The Genus Vermivora We’ll discuss six species in the genus Vermivora : <ul><li>Blue-winged Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Golden-winged Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Brewster’s Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Orange-crowned Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Nashville Warbler </li></ul>
    9. 9. About Vermivora Warblers <ul><li>Small with sharply pointed bills. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack strong contrasting patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>Most utilize nectar in non-breeding seasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Most nest on or near the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>They forage in dead leaf clusters. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus Song © 2005 Bill Duke
    11. 11. Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus © 2005 Bill Duke
    12. 12. Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus
    13. 13. Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Song
    14. 14. Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
    15. 15. Brewster’s Warbler Blue-winged / Golden-winged Hybrid
    16. 16. Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    17. 17. Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina © 2005 Linda Alley
    18. 18. Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina © 2005 Bill Duke
    19. 19. Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina
    20. 20. Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata Song
    21. 21. Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata © 2005 Linda Alley
    22. 22. Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata © 2005 Linda Alley © 2005 Linda Alley
    23. 23. Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Song
    24. 24. Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla
    25. 25. The Genus Parula We see just two species in the genus Parula on the Upper Texas Coast. One of them, the Tropical Parula, is pretty rare. <ul><li>Northern Parula </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Parula </li></ul>
    26. 26. About Parula Warblers <ul><li>Small with green or black patches on the back. </li></ul><ul><li>Pale mandibles. </li></ul><ul><li>Buzzy songs. </li></ul><ul><li>Short tails. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual dimorphism is limited and is strongest in the north. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Northern Parula Parula americana Song
    28. 28. Northern Parula Parula americana
    29. 29. Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi Song
    30. 30. The Genus Dendroica Our largest genus is Dendroica . We’ll look at eighteen species. <ul><li>Chestnut-sided Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Cape May Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Magnolia Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow-rumped Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Black-throated Blue Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Cerulean Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Blackburnian Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Black-throated Gray Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Townsend’s Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Black-throated Green Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Grace’s Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow-throated Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Prairie Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Bay-breasted Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Blackpoll Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Pine Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Palm Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Warbler </li></ul>
    31. 31. About Dendroica Warblers <ul><li>Most have contrasting plumage marks (eye patterns, tail spots, wingbars, flank streaks). </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual dimorphism is slight to strong. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Of twenty-seven species, all but six reside in North America. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Song
    33. 33. Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica © 2005 Linda Alley
    34. 34. Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
    35. 35. Cape May Warbler - Male Dendroica tigrina Song
    36. 36. Cape May Warbler - Female Dendroica tigrina
    37. 37. Magnolia Warbler - Male Dendroica magnolia Song Call
    38. 38. Magnolia Warbler - Female Dendroica magnolia
    39. 39. Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata Song Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
    40. 40. Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens Song Call
    41. 41. Black-throated Blue Warbler - Female Dendroica caerulescens
    42. 42. Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea Song
    43. 43. Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea
    44. 44. Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca Song © 2005 Bill Duke
    45. 45. Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca © 2005 Linda Alley
    46. 46. Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca © 2005 Bill Duke
    47. 47. Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca Song
    48. 48. Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica negrescens Song
    49. 49. Townsend’s Warbler Dendroica townsendi Song
    50. 50. Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    51. 51. Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens © 2005 Linda Alley
    52. 52. Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
    53. 53. Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    54. 54. Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica
    55. 55. Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor Song
    56. 56. Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea Song
    57. 57. Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea © 2005 Linda Alley
    58. 58. Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    59. 59. Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
    60. 60. Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
    61. 61. Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    62. 62. Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus
    63. 63. Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus
    64. 64. Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum Song
    65. 65. Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum
    66. 66. Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    67. 67. Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia © 2005 Dwayne Litteer
    68. 68. Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
    69. 69. Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia © 2005 Linda Alley © 2005 Linda Alley
    70. 70. Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia © 2005 Linda Alley
    71. 71. The Genus Mniotilta The only species in the genus Mniotilta on the Upper Texas Coast is the Black-and-white Warbler. It’s easy to identify. <ul><li>Black-and-white Warbler </li></ul>
    72. 72. About Mniotilta Warblers <ul><li>Medium sized. </li></ul><ul><li>Feed by crawling along branches and trunks in search of insects. </li></ul>
    73. 73. Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    74. 74. Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia © 2005 Linda Alley
    75. 75. Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia © 2005 Bill Duke
    76. 76. The Genus Oporornis The genus oporornis contains four species seen on the Upper Texas Coast but some are pretty rare. <ul><li>Mourning Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>MacGillivray’s Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky Warbler </li></ul>
    77. 77. About Oporornis Warblers <ul><li>Medium-large in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Feed on or near the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Olive above and yellow below. </li></ul><ul><li>Age and sex differences are moderate. </li></ul><ul><li>Chanting songs. </li></ul>
    78. 78. Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia Song
    79. 79. Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia
    80. 80. MacGillivray’s Warbler Oporornis tolmiei Song
    81. 81. MacGillivray’s Warbler Oporornis tolmiei © 2005 Linda Alley
    82. 82. Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis Song
    83. 83. Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
    84. 84. Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
    85. 85. The Genus Wilsonia On the Upper Texas Coast we can see three members of the genus Wilsonia . <ul><li>Canada Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson’s Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Hooded Warbler </li></ul>
    86. 86. About Wilsonia Warblers <ul><li>Small in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Green or gray above. </li></ul><ul><li>Black markings on head or neck – prominent in males. </li></ul><ul><li>Have well developed rectil* bristles for fly catching. </li></ul><ul><li>Their long tail is often flicked about. </li></ul>* Rectil – Fine stiff feathers, developed into a tactile “insect net” around the mouth like the nightjars.
    87. 87. Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis Song © 2005 Linda Alley
    88. 88. Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis © 2005 Linda Alley
    89. 89. Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
    90. 90. Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
    91. 91. Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
    92. 92. Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla Song Call
    93. 93. Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
    94. 94. Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina Song
    95. 95. Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina © 2005 Linda Alley
    96. 96. Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina © 2005 Linda Alley
    97. 97. The Genera Helmitheros and Limnothlypis These genera contain just one species each and are listed respectively. <ul><li>Worm-eating Warbler </li></ul><ul><li>Swainson’s Warbler </li></ul>
    98. 98. About Helmitheros 1 and Limnothlypis 2 Warblers <ul><li>1 - </li></ul><ul><li>Spike bill and short tail with bold head stripes. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeds low in dead leaves. </li></ul><ul><li>2 - </li></ul><ul><li>One large terrestrial species. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeds on the ground, flipping dead leaves. </li></ul>
    99. 99. Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus Song Call
    100. 100. Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus
    101. 101. Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus © 2005 Bill Duke
    102. 102. Swainson’s Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Song © 2005 Erik Breden
    103. 103. Swainson’s Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii
    104. 104. The Genus Seiurus The three species in the genus Seiurus are all ground feeders. <ul><li>Ovenbird </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana Waterthrush </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Waterthrush </li></ul>
    105. 105. About Seiurus Warblers <ul><li>Large, walking, terrestrial species. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown or olive upperparts. </li></ul><ul><li>Streaked or spotted underparts. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong supercilium. </li></ul><ul><li>Tail bobbing behavior. </li></ul>
    106. 106. Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus Song
    107. 107. Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
    108. 108. Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla © 2005 Linda Alley © 2005 Linda Alley
    109. 109. Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis Song Call
    110. 110. The Genus Geothlypis There is but one species in the genus Geothlypis in North America. <ul><li>Common Yellowthroat </li></ul>
    111. 111. About Geothlypis Warblers <ul><li>Large, skulking, and wren-like. </li></ul><ul><li>Prefers the marsh or dense brush. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally olive above, yellow below, males have a black mask. </li></ul>
    112. 112. Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Song Song Call
    113. 113. Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas © 2005 Linda Alley
    114. 114. Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas © 2005 Linda Alley
    115. 115. Common Yellowthroat ♀ Geothlypis trichas © 2005 Bill Duke
    116. 116. The Genus Icteria The only species in the genus Icteria is well named. It is truly the champion “loudmouth” of all the warblers. <ul><li>Yellow-breasted Chat </li></ul>
    117. 117. About Icteria Warblers <ul><li>One very large warbler. </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptionally thick bill. </li></ul><ul><li>Long tail. </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh, un-warbler-like voice. </li></ul><ul><li>Aurally loud but visually secretive. </li></ul>
    118. 118. Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens Song Call © 2005 Linda Alley
    119. 119. Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
    120. 120. The Genus Setophaga The only species in the genus Setophaga is a regular migrant on the Upper Texas Coast. <ul><li>American Redstart </li></ul>
    121. 121. About Setophaga Warblers <ul><li>Strong sexual dimorphism. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult plumage reached in the second year. </li></ul><ul><li>Wing and tail spots are fanned regularly. </li></ul>
    122. 122. American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla © 2005 Bill Duke Song Call
    123. 123. American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla © 2005 Linda Alley
    124. 124. American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
    125. 125. Houston Audubon Society We are one of the largest and most active chapters of the National Audubon Society. Houston Audubon is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization and is supported by member dues and donations from individuals, foundations and corporations. We receive limited funding from National Audubon Society and no funds from the city or state government. Contributions made to us remain in our 13-county area and support our activities. Our mission is to &quot;promote the conservation and appreciation of birds and wildlife habitat.&quot;
    126. 126. Houston Audubon Sanctuaries include over 3000 acres of varied habitat including the internationally famous High Island and Bolivar Flats Sanctuaries.
    127. 127. The author of this program hopes you will help the Houston Audubon Society continue to maintain these sanctuaries and to obtain new ones. Please send a contribution to them. Houston Audubon Society 440 Wilchester Blvd. Houston, Texas 77079 Thank you from the author Don Richardson
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