Definition• According to mayoclinic.com, type 2 diabetes is defines as “Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin- dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your bodys main source of fuel.”• In the Merriam Webster dictionary, type 2 diabetes is defined as: “a common form of diabetes mellitus that develops especially in adults and most often in obese individuals and that is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from impaired insulin utilization coupled with the
Diagnosis• There are four tests you can take to see if you have type 2 diabetes• 1. Fasting blood glucose level test: If you blood sugar level is higher than 126 mg/dl on two tests• 2. Hemoglobin A1c test: If your blood sugar level is lower than 5.7%, you are normal. If it is between 5.7-6.1%, you are pre-diabetes. (Pre- diabetes means that you have a high risk of getting diabetes if you don’t do something to prevent it).• 3. Oral glucose tolerance test: If your blood sugar level is higher than 200 mg/dl after two hours.• 4. Random blood sugar test: If your blood sugar
Causes• High blood sugar• Obesity/unhealthy eating MEMBRANE PROTEIN• The main cause of type 2 diabetes is that there is not enough insulin production that your body needs. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into the cells, where it is stored and used for energy. Without the correct amount of insulin, the blood sugar cannot get into the cells. If it cannot get into the cells, hyperglycemia occurs. Hyperglycemia is when high levels of sugar build up in the blood stream, clotting your blood.• When protein is eaten, the amount of glucose in your bloodstream increases. In response, your pancreas releases insulin in response to the high levels of glucose. But what happens when you don’t have enough insulin to get rid of the glucose in your bloodstream? The answer to this question is this: Type 2 diabetes.
Treatment• Most of the treatments are done on your own. You will need to check-up with a doctor regularly, but many of the things you have to do to treat diabetes are done without a doctor. There is no cure, but type 2 diabetes has to be treated. If not , results may be fatal.• Some treatments include:• Diet control• Exercise• Physical activity• Self monitoring of blood glucose• In some cases-oral drugs