The Constitution
Political Philosophers
• John Locke
– English philosopher who believed that people had
the ability to reason and make good...
Political Philosophers
• John Locke
– English philosopher who believed that people had
the ability to reason and make good...
Political Philosophers
• Baron de Montesquieu
– French political theorist who established the idea
of “separation of power...
How A Bill Becomes A Law
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Idea
Introduced by Congressman or Senator
Committee
House or Senate vote
Joint H...
LEGISLATIVE-ARTICLE I.
Congress
House of Representatives (435)
•
•
•
•

1. Serve 2 years
2. 25 years old, 7 years a citize...
Senate (100)
Equal Representation
• 5. Term is 6 years
• 6. 30 yrs old, citizen for 9 years
• 7. Approves Presidential app...
Congress
Both House & Senate
• 10. Both House and Senate can make laws.
(Senate can’t propose tax laws)
• 11. Can declare ...
EXECUTIVE-ARTICLE II.
President, Vice President, Cabinet
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

14. Term of office is 4 years (Max 8 years)
15. 36...
JUDICIAL-ARTICLE III.
Supreme & Federal Courts
• 21 Serve for life (Can be removed for bad
behavior)
• 22 Can declare laws...
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Constitution Notes

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Constitution Notes

  1. 1. The Constitution
  2. 2. Political Philosophers • John Locke – English philosopher who believed that people had the ability to reason and make good decisions if given the proper information. – Thought governments should only be formed with the approval of the people they were governing. – Argued that governments should be established to protect individual freedoms and liberties.
  3. 3. Political Philosophers • John Locke – English philosopher who believed that people had the ability to reason and make good decisions if given the proper information. – Thought governments should only be formed with the approval of the people they were governing. – Argued that governments should be established to protect individual freedoms and liberties.
  4. 4. Political Philosophers • Baron de Montesquieu – French political theorist who established the idea of “separation of powers.” – Government power should be divided or spread out among different branches of government so that no individual or group could gain too much power and threaten liberty.
  5. 5. How A Bill Becomes A Law • • • • • • • • Idea Introduced by Congressman or Senator Committee House or Senate vote Joint House & Senate Committee Final Version back to House/Senate If passed, sent to President Signed or Vetoed
  6. 6. LEGISLATIVE-ARTICLE I. Congress House of Representatives (435) • • • • 1. Serve 2 years 2. 25 years old, 7 years a citizen 3. House may propose tax laws 4. Can impeach the president (Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton, Nixon)
  7. 7. Senate (100) Equal Representation • 5. Term is 6 years • 6. 30 yrs old, citizen for 9 years • 7. Approves Presidential appointments of judges, ambassadors, cabinet members • 8. Must approve (ratify) treaties made with foreign countries. • 9. Sole power to “try” (put on trial) all impeachments
  8. 8. Congress Both House & Senate • 10. Both House and Senate can make laws. (Senate can’t propose tax laws) • 11. Can declare war (President can ok but not declare war) • 12. Can override veto by voting again and passing by 2/3 majority (67%) • Congress can propose amendments to the Constitution with 2/3 (state vote)
  9. 9. EXECUTIVE-ARTICLE II. President, Vice President, Cabinet • • • • • • • 14. Term of office is 4 years (Max 8 years) 15. 36 years old, born a citizen 16 Can approve or veto laws 17 Makes treaties Sec. of State (John Kerry) 18 Nominates judges for the Supreme Court 19 Appoints cabinet members 20 is Commander in Chief of U.S. Military
  10. 10. JUDICIAL-ARTICLE III. Supreme & Federal Courts • 21 Serve for life (Can be removed for bad behavior) • 22 Can declare laws unconstitutional • 23 Settles disputes involving the U.S. • 24 Settles disputes between states • Chief Justice presides over impeachment of president

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