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Ancient india guided notes

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Ancient india guided notes Ancient india guided notes Presentation Transcript

  • Ancient India
    Dynasties and Empires
  • Government
    What is the definition of government?
  • Government
    Why is government important?
    Create laws
    ______ with other countries
  • Government
    What do you look for in a leader?
    ___________________
    The ability to _______
    Ability to make changes
    Have a good supporting ______
    Good communicator
  • Government
    What is an Empire?
    An empire is an extensive group of many different peoples that is united and ruled by an emperor or other monarch.
  • Empire
    The word empire is derived from the Latin term “imperium” which means power and authority.
    An empire is established and maintained in two ways.
    Through force with action to take over other territories to adhere to the emperors goals.
    Through indirect force. By threatening other territories by giving off the perception that they can physically enforce the goals of the emperor.
  • Rise of the Mauryan Empire
    The rulers of the Magadha kingdom were the first to try and unify much of India.
    _________________________
    A powerful young adventurer who established the Mauryan Empire which ruled for almost 150 years.
    He raised an army over 600,000 soldiers who were equipped with thousands of chariots and elephants.
    Chandragupta Maurya gave up his throne to his son in about 300 b.c.
  • Rise of the Mauryan Empire
    ASOKA
    Chandragupta's grandson
    Came to power in about 270 b.c.
    Early in his rule he fought very bloody wars to increase the size of his kingdom
    Enlarged the Mauryan Empire until it included almost all of India. This was the first imperial dynasty to control almost all of India
  • The Fall of the Mauryan Empire
    ASOKA cont…
    Asoka became tired of the bloody battles and became a Buddhist.
    Asoka died in about 232 b.c.
    This began the slow decline of the Mauryan Empire
    His sons fought over the throne as invaders attacked the northern provinces
    After some 140 years the once mighty Mauryan Empire collapsed
  • The Gupta Rulers
    The rise of a new dynasty also contributed to the relative decline of Buddhism and the growth of Hinduism
    The Gupta family began to expand their territory through conquest and intermarriage
    During the Gupta era Hinduism became the main religion in India
    The early years of Gupta rule were known as a golden age
  • The Gupta Rulers
    CHANDRA GUPTA II ruled from A.D. 374-415.
    Society prospered as great progress was made in the arts as well.
    Under the later rulers the great empire became wakened. The Gupta political system was less centralized than the Mauryan government and gave more power to the local leaders.
    Gupta rule ended by about A.D. 550