Ancient india guided notes


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Ancient india guided notes

  1. 1. What is the definition of government? 
  2. 2. Why is government important?  Create laws   ______ with other countries
  3. 3. What do you look for in a leader?  ___________________  The ability to _______  Ability to make changes  Have a good supporting ______  Good communicator
  4. 4. What is an Empire? An empire is an extensive group of many different peoples that is united and ruled by an emperor or other monarch.
  5. 5.  The word empire is derived from the Latin term “imperium” which means power and authority.  An empire is established and maintained in two ways.  Through force with action to take over other territories to adhere to the emperors goals.  Through indirect force. By threatening other territories by giving off the perception that they can physically enforce the goals of the emperor.
  6. 6.  The rulers of the Magadha kingdom were the first to try and unify much of India.  _________________________  A powerful young adventurer who established the Mauryan Empire which ruled for almost 150 years.  He raised an army over 600,000 soldiers who were equipped with thousands of chariots and elephants.  Chandragupta Maurya gave up his throne to his son in about 300 b.c.
  7. 7.  ASOKA  Chandragupta's grandson  Came to power in about 270 b.c.  Early in his rule he fought very bloody wars to increase the size of his kingdom  Enlarged the Mauryan Empire until it included almost all of India.This was the first imperial dynasty to control almost all of India
  8. 8.  ASOKA cont…  Asoka became tired of the bloody battles and became a Buddhist.  Asoka died in about 232 b.c. ▪ This began the slow decline of the Mauryan Empire ▪ His sons fought over the throne as invaders attacked the northern provinces ▪ After some 140 years the once mighty Mauryan Empire collapsed
  9. 9.  The rise of a new dynasty also contributed to the relative decline of Buddhism and the growth of Hinduism  The Gupta family began to expand their territory through conquest and intermarriage  During the Gupta era Hinduism became the main religion in India  The early years of Gupta rule were known as a golden age
  10. 10.  CHANDRA GUPTA II ruled from A.D. 374- 415.  Society prospered as great progress was made in the arts as well.  Under the later rulers the great empire became wakened.The Gupta political system was less centralized than the Mauryan government and gave more power to the local leaders.  Gupta rule ended by about A.D. 550