Why is government important?
______ with other countries
What do you look for in a leader?
The ability to _______
Ability to make changes
Have a good supporting ______
What is an Empire?
An empire is an extensive group of many
different peoples that is united and ruled by
an emperor or other monarch.
The word empire is derived from the Latin
term “imperium” which means power and
An empire is established and maintained in
Through force with action to take over other
territories to adhere to the emperors goals.
Through indirect force. By threatening other
territories by giving off the perception that they
can physically enforce the goals of the emperor.
The rulers of the Magadha kingdom were the
first to try and unify much of India.
A powerful young adventurer who established the
Mauryan Empire which ruled for almost 150 years.
He raised an army over 600,000 soldiers who were
equipped with thousands of chariots and
Chandragupta Maurya gave up his throne to his
son in about 300 b.c.
Came to power in about 270 b.c.
Early in his rule he fought very bloody wars to
increase the size of his kingdom
Enlarged the Mauryan Empire until it included
almost all of India.This was the first imperial
dynasty to control almost all of India
Asoka became tired of the bloody battles and
became a Buddhist.
Asoka died in about 232 b.c.
▪ This began the slow decline of the Mauryan Empire
▪ His sons fought over the throne as invaders attacked the
▪ After some 140 years the once mighty Mauryan Empire
The rise of a new dynasty also contributed to
the relative decline of Buddhism and the
growth of Hinduism
The Gupta family began to expand their
territory through conquest and intermarriage
During the Gupta era Hinduism became the
main religion in India
The early years of Gupta rule were known as a
CHANDRA GUPTA II ruled from A.D. 374-
Society prospered as great progress was made in
the arts as well.
Under the later rulers the great empire
became wakened.The Gupta political system
was less centralized than the Mauryan
government and gave more power to the
Gupta rule ended by about A.D. 550