Transformational localism in the Thames Gateway James Kennell Graham Symon Economic Development Resource Centre
Context <ul><li>Economic / Fiscal Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Developing policy discourses </li></ul><ul><li>Regionalism to  ...
The ‘New Localism’ <ul><li>We’ve been here before? </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>decentralisation /...
The New Localism <ul><li>What’s new? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessity; the mother of invention? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Thames Gateway
Options / Models for the Thames Gateway <ul><li>Archetypes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Bureaucratic’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
‘ Bureaucratic’ – state-driven <ul><li>Classic social democratic scenario </li></ul><ul><li>State expansion post-1945 </li...
‘ Rentier’ – corporate driven <ul><li>Rhetoric of ‘what business needs/wants’ </li></ul><ul><li>Attracting / incentivising...
‘ Insurgency’ – community driven <ul><li>Economic decline / transition resulting in social problems </li></ul><ul><li>Mani...
‘ Transformational’ – the integrated approach <ul><li>Allowing the conditions to prevail that enable complementary contrib...
Some practical interventions for the Thames Gateway <ul><li>Localising finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a Thames Gateway Inve...
Concluding thoughts <ul><li>Thames Gateway faces challenges (in common with many geographies) </li></ul><ul><li>Localism m...
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Graham Symon - Localism in the Thames Gateway

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Graham Symon - Localism in the Thames Gateway

  1. 1. Transformational localism in the Thames Gateway James Kennell Graham Symon Economic Development Resource Centre
  2. 2. Context <ul><li>Economic / Fiscal Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Developing policy discourses </li></ul><ul><li>Regionalism to Localism </li></ul><ul><li>New governance arrangements for economic development </li></ul>
  3. 3. The ‘New Localism’ <ul><li>We’ve been here before? </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>decentralisation / devolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ empowerment’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reality: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>de facto centralisation of administrative control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>marginalisation of local government? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The New Localism <ul><li>What’s new? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessity; the mother of invention? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>less reliance on public sector </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>manufacturing / export? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real solutions to crisis/decline can only be found locally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local communities: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>policy, business, civil society, citizens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>partnerships </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Thames Gateway
  6. 6. Options / Models for the Thames Gateway <ul><li>Archetypes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Bureaucratic’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Rentier’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Insurgency’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Transformationalism’ </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. ‘ Bureaucratic’ – state-driven <ul><li>Classic social democratic scenario </li></ul><ul><li>State expansion post-1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keynesian, Berevidge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paternalist? </li></ul><ul><li>Corporatist? </li></ul><ul><li>Top-down </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Steering’ and ‘rowing’ </li></ul>
  8. 8. ‘ Rentier’ – corporate driven <ul><li>Rhetoric of ‘what business needs/wants’ </li></ul><ul><li>Attracting / incentivising investment </li></ul><ul><li>Public funds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>grants (within what European law permits!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tax breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social externalities? </li></ul><ul><li>How much licence should industry be allowed? </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity? </li></ul>
  9. 9. ‘ Insurgency’ – community driven <ul><li>Economic decline / transition resulting in social problems </li></ul><ul><li>Manifested in resistance, disaffection </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen action hallmark of healthy democracy </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Bottom-up’ </li></ul><ul><li>Coalitions of civil society, faith, ethnic, labour organisations, campaigning, seeking change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North America (‘Rust Belt’) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South America (various) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK (TELCO, community unionism) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy can be harnessed under the right circumstances </li></ul>
  10. 10. ‘ Transformational’ – the integrated approach <ul><li>Allowing the conditions to prevail that enable complementary contributions from stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State: robust but not overbearing; as local as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry: investment / entrepreneurialism / sustainable economic activity crucial; social externalities should be optimised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communities: cynicism / alienation must be overcome; rhetoric must meet reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy makers should not fear collective action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, what works locally is down to contingent factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arms-length central state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaged communities </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Some practical interventions for the Thames Gateway <ul><li>Localising finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a Thames Gateway Investment Bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local currency? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Localising ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assets / resources / capacity freed from central state control .... but beware the ‘Rentier’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Localising opportunity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinstating historic role of municipality in economic governance matters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production and consumption brought into proximity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnerships: skills / labour markets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Localising accountability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not only local action, but local control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Development Index (LDI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informatting </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Concluding thoughts <ul><li>Thames Gateway faces challenges (in common with many geographies) </li></ul><ul><li>Localism may provide key opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Must develop institutions that foster innovation and trust between stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Radical action may be necessary </li></ul>
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