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Graham Symon - Localism in the Thames Gateway
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Graham Symon - Localism in the Thames Gateway

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Transcript

  • 1. Transformational localism in the Thames Gateway James Kennell Graham Symon Economic Development Resource Centre
  • 2. Context
    • Economic / Fiscal Crisis
    • Developing policy discourses
    • Regionalism to Localism
    • New governance arrangements for economic development
  • 3. The ‘New Localism’
    • We’ve been here before?
    • Rhetoric of:
      • decentralisation / devolution
      • ‘ empowerment’
    • Reality:
      • de facto centralisation of administrative control
      • marginalisation of local government?
  • 4. The New Localism
    • What’s new?
      • Necessity; the mother of invention?
      • Innovation
        • less reliance on public sector
        • manufacturing / export?
      • Real solutions to crisis/decline can only be found locally
      • Local communities:
        • policy, business, civil society, citizens
        • partnerships
  • 5. Thames Gateway
  • 6. Options / Models for the Thames Gateway
    • Archetypes:
      • ‘ Bureaucratic’
      • ‘ Rentier’
      • ‘ Insurgency’
      • ‘ Transformationalism’
  • 7. ‘ Bureaucratic’ – state-driven
    • Classic social democratic scenario
    • State expansion post-1945
      • Keynesian, Berevidge
    • Paternalist?
    • Corporatist?
    • Top-down
    • ‘ Steering’ and ‘rowing’
  • 8. ‘ Rentier’ – corporate driven
    • Rhetoric of ‘what business needs/wants’
    • Attracting / incentivising investment
    • Public funds
      • grants (within what European law permits!)
      • tax breaks
    • Social externalities?
    • How much licence should industry be allowed?
    • Diversity?
  • 9. ‘ Insurgency’ – community driven
    • Economic decline / transition resulting in social problems
    • Manifested in resistance, disaffection
    • Citizen action hallmark of healthy democracy
    • ‘ Bottom-up’
    • Coalitions of civil society, faith, ethnic, labour organisations, campaigning, seeking change
      • North America (‘Rust Belt’)
      • South America (various)
      • UK (TELCO, community unionism)
    • Energy can be harnessed under the right circumstances
  • 10. ‘ Transformational’ – the integrated approach
    • Allowing the conditions to prevail that enable complementary contributions from stakeholders
      • State: robust but not overbearing; as local as possible
      • Industry: investment / entrepreneurialism / sustainable economic activity crucial; social externalities should be optimised
      • Communities: cynicism / alienation must be overcome; rhetoric must meet reality
      • Policy makers should not fear collective action
    • Ultimately, what works locally is down to contingent factors:
      • Arms-length central state
      • Responsible business
      • Engaged communities
  • 11. Some practical interventions for the Thames Gateway
    • Localising finance
      • a Thames Gateway Investment Bond
      • Local currency?
    • Localising ownership
      • assets / resources / capacity freed from central state control .... but beware the ‘Rentier’
    • Localising opportunity
      • Reinstating historic role of municipality in economic governance matters
      • Production and consumption brought into proximity
      • Partnerships: skills / labour markets
    • Localising accountability
      • Not only local action, but local control
      • Local Development Index (LDI)
      • Informatting
  • 12. Concluding thoughts
    • Thames Gateway faces challenges (in common with many geographies)
    • Localism may provide key opportunities
    • Must develop institutions that foster innovation and trust between stakeholders
    • Radical action may be necessary