ESOL Content Programs and Terminology


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ESOL Content Programs and Terminology

  1. 1. Language and Content Programs for English Language Learners By: Tara Engelsman
  2. 2. Language Program Levels • Beginning, pre-production, ELL 1 • Early Intermediate, Early production, or ELL 2 • Intermediate, Speech Emergence, or ELL 3 • Early Advanced, Intermediate, or ELL 4 • Advanced, Advanced, or ELL 5 • Proficient, Fluent, FEP
  3. 3. • ESL/ELD/ESL is a subject area with their own standards, curriculum, and time slot • This can mean pull-out/push-in by ESL specialist or taught by classroom teacher • Secondary level has a class period • Should be at least 30 minutes a day • While moving from one ELP level to the next students have content-area instruction with ELD/ESL
  4. 4. Roles of ELD/ESL and Content Teacher ESL/ELD Teacher: Content Teacher • Focuses on language: • Focuses on content: math, S.S., Language Arts, science forms, functions, ELP standards • Prepares student for language use in content areas • 30 minutes of ELD with no more than 2 levels • Content standards • Sheltered strategies • Reinforces & practices language from ESL class
  5. 5. Division of Language between ELD & ELA Teachers English Language Development (ELD) • Focus on oral language • Language functions English Language Arts (ELA) • Punctuation and capitalization • Level appropriate forms • Story structure • Communicative competence: grammatical, sociolinguistic, discourse, strategic • writing process • naming parts of speech • genres of writing • content specific vocabulary
  6. 6. Difference between ELD and SI ELD Sheltered Instruction • A language program • A way to deliver content lessons for an ELL just as Spanish I, II, or III is a language program for a Spanish language learner •Series of techniques that teachers learn to make the content they teach more understandable for language learners
  7. 7. Effective Teachers of ESOL • Knowledge: bilingual politics versus pedagogy • Skills: sheltered techniques and language and content objective • dispositions: culturally competent and advocates for educational equity
  8. 8. ESOL Terminology • English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) • • • • • • • • Non English Proficient (NEP) Limited English Proficient (LEP) Fluent English Proficient (FEP) Language minority (vs. language majority) English Language Learners (ELLs) English Learners (ELs) English as a Second Language (ESL) English Language Development (ELD)
  9. 9. Additive and Subtractive Additive Subtractive • Adding L2 to L1 • Replacing L1 with L2 • Importance of English in addition to home language, not instead of • Linguistic and cultural “Assimilation •Multilingual ability •Social and economic benefits • Home responsibility to maintain native language
  10. 10. Content Programs with Subtractive Outcomes • Structured English Immersion: submersion aka sink or swim • Sheltered Instruction: best practices for ELLs • Transitional Bilingual Education: early exit • English based programs for ELLS
  11. 11. Content Programs with Additive Outcomes • Developmental Bilingual Education: late exit • Two-Way Immersion: dual immersion • Foreign Language Immersion: bilingual immersion model • Includes native English speakers