"Harnessing the opportunity sets around us to build Initiatives that   can effectively face the tripleChallenge of Poverty...
!                ADDRESSING OUR LOGIC OF POVERTY    I think that the socio-economic situation today in Africa that we call...
SOME OF THE CONSEQUENCES    Registering about 3.6% Rural Exodus in the region “ever increasing urban                 decay...
An	  Integrated	  model	  of	  rural	  growth	  is	  key	  to	  	  a	  broad	  based	                       and	  inclusiv...
DYNAMIC	  FORWARD	  AND	  BACKWARD	  LINKAGES	  BETWEEN	                 SECTORS	  OF	  THE	  ECONOMY	                    ...
THE	  MAIN	  DRIVERS	  IN	  THIS	  PROCESS   First Driver: A multifunctional Agriculture that is sustainable, viable and  ...
Second	  Driver:	  Sustainable	  and	  leapfrogging	  Technologies•   Given	  the	  high	   level	  of	  produc2vity	   re...
Third Driver: Appropriate Human Resource!    Implementing structures and personnel must be aligned with the dynamics    of...
Forth Driver: Social/ cultural/ organizational capital development• !       Since agriculture is presently carried out by ...
An Innovative Institution is required to implement this visionThe	   Songhai	   Integrated	   system	   of	   development	...
Songhai	  core	  values	  are	  not	  nego8able•   The	  founda2on	   of	  Songhai	  is	  its	  core	  value-­‐	  Knowledg...
•All	  stakeholders	  in	  the	   Songhai	  ini2a2ve	  are	  perpetual	   militants	  of	  the	  development	  of	  a	   f...
ZERI  Zero EmissionResearch Initiative        -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*“Produce	  more	  with	  less”
CONVENTIONAL POULTRY PRODUCTION CHAIN                                                                                     ...
POULTRY CHAIN                                                                                             Bio-gas         ...
Integrated Production System                                     §   Crops                                     §   Lives...
Integrated Production System               Crop               Production               Bioenergy Aquaculture              ...
RECYCLING PIG SLURRY FOR RICE PRODUCTION
USE OF WATER HYACINTH/AQUATIC PLANTS FOR WATERPURIFICATION – RECYCLED WATER USED FOR FISH FARMING
SONGHAI GREEN WATERRECYCLING / PURIFICATION SET UP
PIGS FEEDING ON AQUATIC PLANTS/ WATER GREENS
BIOGAS PRODUCTION
ELECTRICITY GENERATION WITH BIOGAS
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
Songhai Integrated system               Crop               Production              BioenergyAquaculture                 Li...
COMPOST
RAMIAL CHIPPED WOOD - CHIPPING MACHINE
RAMIAL CHIPPED WOOD - CHIPPING MACHINE
PRODUCTION OF TOMATOIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
CROP PRODUCTION IN GREEN HOUSE
PRODUCTION OF TOMATOES IN GREEN HOUSE
TOMATO	  
MARKET	  GARDEN	    IRRIGATION
CARROTS
CONSERVATION	  AND	  STORAGE	  OF	  VEGETABLES	  
CONDITIONNING	  AND	  PREPARATION	  OF	  VEGETABLES	  FOR	  THE	  MARKET	  
GROWING SWEET PEPPER IN GREENHOUSE
BELL PEPPER
GREENHOUSE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
GREENHOUSE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI               INITIATIVE)
HOT PEPPER PRODUCTION (SONGHAI ENUGU)
GREEN BEANS
COMMERCIAL AND INTENSIVE WATER MELON PRODUCTION     IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
INTENSIVE PRODUCTION OF CABBAGES
COMMERCIAL AND INTENSIVE PAWPAW PRODUCTION   IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
ENUGU STATE SONGHAI GRADUATES IN THEIR              RICE FIELD
NEW RICE ALL YEAR	  IRRIGATED	  PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE IN       ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
NEW	  RICE	  ALL	  YEAR	  IRRIGATED	  PRODUCTION	  TECHNIQUE	  IN	  ADANI	                          (ENUGU	  STATE	  SONGH...
NEW RICE ALL YEAR IRRIGATED PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE     IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
INTENSIVE	  PRODUCTION	  OF	  SORGHUM	  IS	  POSSIBLE	                  IN	  THE	  SOUTH	  EAST
STRAWBERRY
INTEGRATED PEST  MANAGEMENT
INTEGRATED PESTMANAGEMENT
MUSHROOM
BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
MECHANIZED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
SOME OF THE TWENTY FIVE NEW TRACTORS ACQUIREDBY ENUGU GOV. FOR THE GREEN RURAL CITIES IN THE
Songhai Integrated system              Crop              Production              BiogasAquaculture                Livestock
LIVESTOCK COMPLEX AT ADANI      (SONGHAI ENUGU)
BROILERS CAGES
QUAIL EGGS
QUAILS
INTENSIVE EGG PRODUCTION
INTENSIVE EGG PRODUCTION
INTENSIVE PULLETS PRODUCTION
POLYVALENT POULTRY - EGG / MEAT PRODUCTION
EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE GEESE        PRODUCTION
EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE GUINEA     FOWLS PRODUCTION
EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE TURKEY        PRODUCTION
GRASSCUTTERS PRODUCTION
PIGS
CATTLE
LIVESTOCK COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
Songhai Integrated system              Crop              Production              BiogasAquaculture                Livestock
AQUACULTURE COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
AQUACULTURE COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
HATCHERY
FINGERLINGS
FLOATING CAGES FOR FISH FARMING
INTENSIVE FISH PRODUCTION
INTENSIVE FISH PRODUCTION
CATFISH
CATFISH
CATFISH
CARP: 1.5 KG in 12 months
CARP: 1.5 KG in 12 months
§   Crops                                   §   Livestock                       Primary     §   Fish                   ...
INDUSTRIAL	  ZONE
FOUNDRY
FOUNDRY PRODUCTS
MACHINES FABRICATION
AGRIC MACHINES
PALM OIL PRODUCTION
PALM OIL
SONGHAI	  EXPORTING	  AGRIC	  MACHINES
MAIZE SHELLING
MAIZE SHELLING
RICE MILL ON PORTO-NOVO SITE
RICE MILL IN SONGHAI ENUGU
HIGH QUALITY PARBOILED RICE     READY FOR MARKET
SOY CAKE AND SOY OIL PRODUCTION
WOMEN FISH PROCESSING COOPERATIVE
WOMEN PROCESSING CASHEW NUTS
CASHEW NUTS READY FOR MARKET
FOOD PROCESSING                       MACHINESSonghai new agro industry – Prefilling line forjuice, tomato, water, jam, sy...
Songhai new agro industry – Prefilling &filling lines for tomato, juice, water, jam, syrup,soy milk production
WOMEN FISH PROCESSING COOPERATIVE
Songhai new agro industry – Plastic recycling forthe production of bottle, flower pots, buckets etc
Songhai new agro industry – Plastic recycling forthe production of bottle, flower pots, buckets etc
Songhai juice bottle – new design
Songhai Buckets
SOY MILK
PINEAPPLE JUICE
DRIED MANGO
MANGO CONCENTRATES
SYRUP	  FOR	  EXPORT
FRUIT	  JUICE	  BEING	  	  EXPORTED
FRUIT	  JUICE	  BEING	  	  EXPORTED
GARI	  -­‐LABEL	  SONGHAI
SMOKED CHICKEN
ANIMAL PRODUCT PROCESSING
SOAP
Songhai Model                                     §   Crops                                     §   Livestock           ...
SALE POINT
RESTAURANT
ECO TOURISM
SONGHAI RIVERS
CONFERENCE CONFERENCE HALL DANS   HALL DE HALL IN GREEN RURAL CITIES      LES VILLES RURALES VERTES           (SONGHAI ENU...
CONFERENCE HALL IN GREEN RURAL CITIES          (SONGHAI ENUGU)
BRINGING COMMUNICATION TO    GREEN RURAL CITIES     IT is a must in Africa
WORLD LEADERSVISITING SONGHAI
THE	  UN	  SECRETARY	  GENERAL	  VISITING	  SONGHAI
FORMER	  UN	  SECRETARY	  GENERAL	  VISITING	  SONGHAI
FORMER	  UN	  SECRETARY	  GENERAL	  VISITING	  SONGHAI
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
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Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat

  1. 1. "Harnessing the opportunity sets around us to build Initiatives that can effectively face the tripleChallenge of Poverty, Environmental Degradation and difficult Demographic transition in Africa" TEDxIKOYI 24th MAY 2012
  2. 2. ! ADDRESSING OUR LOGIC OF POVERTY I think that the socio-economic situation today in Africa that we call poverty, is largely due to our incapacity to efficiently harness the opportunity sets around us. The drama of our time is that the potentials and opportunity sets (the Environmental and Human capitals) that we have on the continent could drastically reverse the situation and change the socio-economic conditions of millions of people in this region, but we are yet to develop the capacity to recognize and harness them. We in Africa have entered into the logic of Poverty because we are no longer capable of internally generating the capacities to procure goods and services that correspond to our needs and desires The other side of the drama is that passive consumerism and the quick adoption of other peoples’ experiences, solutions, systems of production and values have become cheap substitutes for doing the hard work of growing up and developing native competences and processes that would guarantee sustainable, broad based and inclusive growth on the continent.
  3. 3. SOME OF THE CONSEQUENCES Registering about 3.6% Rural Exodus in the region “ever increasing urban decay.’’ “Slumization” instead of Urbanization A time bomb WE MUST REVERSE THIS LOGIC OF POVERTY!! The challenge therefore before all of us is how to harness these opportunity sets and in the first step turn the rural sector around to become productive, efficient and remunerative with the view to seriously tackling the employment problem, triggering off the other sectors and considerably slowing down the massive rural exodus in the region. In other words, it is imperative to make our Agriculture sustainable and competitive. This is an inescapable pathway to a viable, broad-based and inclusive economy in the region.
  4. 4. An  Integrated  model  of  rural  growth  is  key  to    a  broad  based   and  inclusive  development:  AGRICULTURE  IS  A  PART  OF  A  CLUSTER  INDUSTRY ! For Agricultural growth to become a motor to socio-economic development and the eradication of poverty it requires the concomitant development of the secondary and tertiary sectors. There must be dynamic forward and backward linkages between Agriculture and the other sectors. ! Agriculture does not develop by itself, but requires a complex integrated system to support it – market its products, and provide inputs, credits and technology and management. ! An integrated development model that includes these services and linkages should be embraced. Rural growth will be difficult to take off without these enabling and complimentary services.
  5. 5. DYNAMIC  FORWARD  AND  BACKWARD  LINKAGES  BETWEEN   SECTORS  OF  THE  ECONOMY   TECHNOLOGY TRAINING
  6. 6. THE  MAIN  DRIVERS  IN  THIS  PROCESS First Driver: A multifunctional Agriculture that is sustainable, viable and competitiveThis Agriculture must be up to the following challenges to constitute a trigger element.1) Provide food in sufficient quantity to a population that is increasingly demanding in term of quality and diversity - Production that delivers sufficient quantities of safe whole-some food items that assist in disease prevention, healthy living and healthy ageing.2) Provide competitive inputs/raw materials for the Agro-Industry3) Provide feed stock for renewable energy supply - This Agriculture must be designed to become an energy source instead of an energy sink4) Provide new environmental products and services- carbon sequestration, Agro-
  7. 7. Second  Driver:  Sustainable  and  leapfrogging  Technologies• Given  the  high   level  of  produc2vity   required  to  kick  start  the  process,  technologies   that   only   guarantee   incremental   growth   will   not   be   enough.   Leapfrogging   and   sustainable  technologies  must  be  deployed.• Technological  development  therefore  has  a  major  role  to  play  in   the   African  Agro-­‐ business  and  socio-­‐economic.• The   concept   of   sustainable   development   implies   that   we   can   increase   our   produc2vity  while  protec2ng  and  enhancing  our  environment.• We   must   develop   technologies   that   would   enable   our   Agriculture   to   produce   more   with   less.  This   is   only   possible   within   an   integrated   system   of   produc2on   where   the   principles   of   synergy,   complimentarity,   supplimentarity   and   nega2ve   entropy  are  in  play.• It   must   be   noted   that   this   agriculture   will   no   longer   be   primarily   a   chemical   process  like  the  conven2onal   Agriculture,  but  largely  a  biological  process  -­‐  where   our   incredible   environmental   and   biological   capitals   would   be   fully   engaged   and   harnessed.• We  have  therefore  to  relearn   the   way  we  prac2ce  agriculture.     From  the  way  we   view   the  soil   and   its   fer2lity,   through   the   way   we  maintain,   nourish   and   protect   our  plants  and  animals  to  the  way  we  condi2on  and  market  them.
  8. 8. Third Driver: Appropriate Human Resource! Implementing structures and personnel must be aligned with the dynamics of integrated development and rural growth. Integrated Development is a “cross function” or cross cutting dynamics. It is far from being sectoral. Projects or programs like this would therefore depend mainly on the quality, character and set up of the organization/group responsible for its implementation.! This is one of the major challenges in integrated rural development. The absence of this “core” competence could adversely impact, not just the implementation but the outcomes of development programs.! Multi-skilled Human resource base is therefore imperative: It is only when the core competence has the authority, capacity and the ability to implement “cross-cutting and integrated” activities that rural integrated development programs become realistic.
  9. 9. Forth Driver: Social/ cultural/ organizational capital development• ! Since agriculture is presently carried out by a multitude of subsistent, largely unorganized small holders and various actors, their willingness and ability to participate in any program of change is a crucial factor.• Rural Development is, in effect, a complete transformation of the whole institutional structure of the rural society.• Programs must therefore be designed to mobilize, upgrade and empower the medium and small holders and other indigenous actors for attaining the goals of Broad-based and Inclusive Rural Growth.Other Drivers:5th : Development of innovative sources of Financing6th:Infrastructural development (Roads and communication) and access to Energy - especially modular decentralized and renewable sources.Agriculture: A weapon of mass construction! This model is already demonstrating that despite a myriad of constraints, it is possible for agriculture in Africa to develop, prosper and become attractive.! If these drivers are effectively set into motion in our development programs, our Agriculture would become a weapon of mass construction and the development of a broad based and inclusive socio-economic growth that will effectively fight poverty and bring prosperity to our people.
  10. 10. An Innovative Institution is required to implement this visionThe   Songhai   Integrated   system   of   development   is   quite   a  unique   one.  It   is   not   just   your   usual   training,   technology   transfer   or   produc2on   model.   It   is   designed   to   radically   tackle   the   triple   challenge   (Agriculture/Food   Security,   Poverty   and   the   difficult   demographic  transi2on)  facing  African  countries  today  in  their   struggle  for  an  inclusive   and  broad  based  Socio-­‐economic  development.  This  innova2ve  ins2tu2on  has  four  components:1)   It   is   a   technology   park   where   new   ideas   and   techniques   are   developed   and   contextualized.2)   It   is  an  Industrial   park/producNon  center   where  the   techniques   and   ideas   are   turned   into  enterprises  and  many  different  types  of  produc2on  ac2vi2es.3)   It   is   an   incubaNon/training/human   resource   development   center.   Here   no   1   (Technology   park)   and   no  2   (Industrial   park)   become  an   effec2ve  "space"   to  incubate   new  competences.  We  call  them   the  components  of  the  incuba2on  "space".  Songhai  is   a  mother  firm/farm,  an  extension  space  that  produces  func2onal  individuals.  The   Songhai   graduates   are   brought   into   a   logic   of   produc2on   because   Songhai   is   a   producNon,   a  research  and   service   center.  The  teacher/animators/managers   are  first   of   all   producers   and   not   talkers.   The   teachers   are   bare   foot   researchers   who   are   con2nually   searching   for   new  ideas   and   techniques   to  improve   their   produc2vity   and   efficiency.  The  teachers  are  entrepreneurs.  4)   Songhai   is   a   service   center.   The   game   is   not   over   aUer   the   ini2al   forma2on   period.   Services   like   marke2ng,   input   procurement,   networking,   financial/loan   and   advisory   services  are  provided  to  enable  the  young  entrepreneurs  to  stand  on  their  own.
  11. 11. Songhai  core  values  are  not  nego8able• The  founda2on   of  Songhai  is  its  core  value-­‐  Knowledge-­‐  Skill  -­‐  Value  system  (culture   of  discipline,  solidarity,  integrity  and  strong  work  ethics.)• This  core  value  has  to   be  appropriated  by  its  leaders/managers  and  a  majority  of  its   work  force  for  it  to  work.• The   inescapable   pathway   in   this   process   therefore   will   be   the   development   of   a   cri2cal   mass   of   individuals   that   have   the   capacity   (knowledge,   skills   and   values   systems)   to  not   only   be  at   home  with   elements  of  this   challenge  (fully   understand   and   comprehend   the   real   needs   and   desires-­‐   from   rural   to   urban   areas),   but   also   have  the  capacity  to  imagine,  innovate  and  develop  appropriate  solu2ons)• The   Songhai   Ini2a2ve   is   an   expression   of   a   “regenera2ve   social   economy”-­‐   (“Une   Economie   de   communion”-­‐in   French).   This  ini2a2ve,   while  strongly  reaffirming   and   reac2va2ng   the   central   posi2on   of   solidarity   in   social   construc2ons,   goes   steps   further  to  ensure  the  sustainability  of  this  human   value,   giving   it  a  “self-­‐sustaining”   base.  A  central  principle  of  the  Songhai  ini2a2ve   is  that  the  only   way  to  fight  poverty   effec2vely   is   by   making   the   poor   produc2ve.  This   is   another   way   of  re-­‐edi2ng   the   famous   Chinese  saying   that   “it  is  be[er   to  teach   someone  to   fish   than   to  give  him   fish
  12. 12. •All  stakeholders  in  the   Songhai  ini2a2ve  are  perpetual   militants  of  the  development  of  a   func2onal  and  responsive  African  human  capital.  •The   Songhai   ini2a2ve  is   a  commitment   to   an   ac2ve   and   genera2ve   use   of  resources.  All   resources  must   be  made  to  circulate  within   the  social  fabric  of  communi2es  to  make  them   reproduce  themselves.  This  ini2a2ve  is  therefore  designed   to  have  a  snowball   and   not   a   trickledown   effect.   It   revitalizes   work   as   the   basic   structure   of   modern   economy   –   the   enterprise.  Here   the  enterprise  becomes  the  focal  point  where  resources  are  oriented  for   the  crea2on  of  wealth.  •There   is   an  inbuilt   vitality,   thanks   to  the  fact  that  it  will   always  be  cons2tuted,   animated   and  facilitated  by  competent  people   –  the  “na2ve  competences”  or  “core  socio-­‐economic   leaders”   described   above   –   that   are   capable   crea2vity   and   solidarity,   especially   towards   the  most  marginalized.  •It   must   be   noted   however,   that   solidarity   in   this   ini2a2ve   is   detached   from   the   usual   prac2ce   of   social   welfare   that   is   characterized   by   perpetual-­‐handouts,   as   seen   in   many   development  programs  in  Africa  and  many  developing  economies.  
  13. 13. ZERI Zero EmissionResearch Initiative -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*“Produce  more  with  less”
  14. 14. CONVENTIONAL POULTRY PRODUCTION CHAIN Water Water Infrastructure Energy Packaging Refrigeration Accessories Equipment CONSUMERS Water Labor Money MARKET Labor Ingredients COLD STORAGE Equipment Proc Frozen essed meat PROCESSING Infrastructure and packa ged meat ABATTOIR produ cts Broilers HUSBANDRYInfrastructures QuailsDay Old Chicks Dressed Turkeys meat CONSUMER Labor MARKET LEVEL Ducks LEVEL LOSSES STORAGE Feed LOSSES LEVEL LOSSES Water Blood Waste Water Energy By-products Feather Bones Manure Fat Sewage Waste Water Dead animals
  15. 15. POULTRY CHAIN Bio-gas Energy Bio-gas Bio-gasTHE ALTERNATIVE THAT Packaging Energy Energy SONGHAI PROPOSES Labor Packaging Infrastructure (refrigeration) Water Equipment Infrastructure PRODUCT Labor Infrastructure (refrigeration) M Brewery STORAGE Equipment P AR Wastes MEAT SHOP KE INDUSTRY Infrastructure RO TI AB CE NG AT Smoked PR S by-products of TO Chicken OD Dressed Food processing IR S UC Poultry ribs TI I - Cake (soya, peanuts, Hams ON Live palm kernel, cotton, NG coco, sunflowers…) Poultry Sausages - Cassava peelings ANIMAL Bones NUTRITION FISH Waste Water Fertilization of waste water Water Manure AGRICULTUREaquaculture feather Compost BIO-GAS Maize, Rice, Pond Meat PROCESSING Sorghum, Soya, Fertilization Blood Moringa, etc Fertilization intestine Blood meal ANIMAL NUTRITIONAGRICULTURE AQUACULTURE AGRICULTURE ANIMAL PRODUCTION Maggots
  16. 16. Integrated Production System § Crops § Livestock Primary § Fish Production § Specialty Items Technology Small-Med Marketing Enterprise & Services • “Value Added” • Retail • Food Processing • Restaurants • Manufacturing • Export • Construction
  17. 17. Integrated Production System Crop Production Bioenergy Aquaculture Livestock
  18. 18. RECYCLING PIG SLURRY FOR RICE PRODUCTION
  19. 19. USE OF WATER HYACINTH/AQUATIC PLANTS FOR WATERPURIFICATION – RECYCLED WATER USED FOR FISH FARMING
  20. 20. SONGHAI GREEN WATERRECYCLING / PURIFICATION SET UP
  21. 21. PIGS FEEDING ON AQUATIC PLANTS/ WATER GREENS
  22. 22. BIOGAS PRODUCTION
  23. 23. ELECTRICITY GENERATION WITH BIOGAS
  24. 24. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
  25. 25. Songhai Integrated system Crop Production BioenergyAquaculture Livestock
  26. 26. COMPOST
  27. 27. RAMIAL CHIPPED WOOD - CHIPPING MACHINE
  28. 28. RAMIAL CHIPPED WOOD - CHIPPING MACHINE
  29. 29. PRODUCTION OF TOMATOIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  30. 30. CROP PRODUCTION IN GREEN HOUSE
  31. 31. PRODUCTION OF TOMATOES IN GREEN HOUSE
  32. 32. TOMATO  
  33. 33. MARKET  GARDEN   IRRIGATION
  34. 34. CARROTS
  35. 35. CONSERVATION  AND  STORAGE  OF  VEGETABLES  
  36. 36. CONDITIONNING  AND  PREPARATION  OF  VEGETABLES  FOR  THE  MARKET  
  37. 37. GROWING SWEET PEPPER IN GREENHOUSE
  38. 38. BELL PEPPER
  39. 39. GREENHOUSE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  40. 40. GREENHOUSE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  41. 41. HOT PEPPER PRODUCTION (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  42. 42. GREEN BEANS
  43. 43. COMMERCIAL AND INTENSIVE WATER MELON PRODUCTION IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  44. 44. INTENSIVE PRODUCTION OF CABBAGES
  45. 45. COMMERCIAL AND INTENSIVE PAWPAW PRODUCTION IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  46. 46. ENUGU STATE SONGHAI GRADUATES IN THEIR RICE FIELD
  47. 47. NEW RICE ALL YEAR  IRRIGATED  PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  48. 48. NEW  RICE  ALL  YEAR  IRRIGATED  PRODUCTION  TECHNIQUE  IN  ADANI   (ENUGU  STATE  SONGHAI  INITIATIVE)
  49. 49. NEW RICE ALL YEAR IRRIGATED PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  50. 50. INTENSIVE  PRODUCTION  OF  SORGHUM  IS  POSSIBLE   IN  THE  SOUTH  EAST
  51. 51. STRAWBERRY
  52. 52. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
  53. 53. INTEGRATED PESTMANAGEMENT
  54. 54. MUSHROOM
  55. 55. BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  56. 56. BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  57. 57. BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  58. 58. MECHANIZED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
  59. 59. SOME OF THE TWENTY FIVE NEW TRACTORS ACQUIREDBY ENUGU GOV. FOR THE GREEN RURAL CITIES IN THE
  60. 60. Songhai Integrated system Crop Production BiogasAquaculture Livestock
  61. 61. LIVESTOCK COMPLEX AT ADANI (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  62. 62. BROILERS CAGES
  63. 63. QUAIL EGGS
  64. 64. QUAILS
  65. 65. INTENSIVE EGG PRODUCTION
  66. 66. INTENSIVE EGG PRODUCTION
  67. 67. INTENSIVE PULLETS PRODUCTION
  68. 68. POLYVALENT POULTRY - EGG / MEAT PRODUCTION
  69. 69. EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE GEESE PRODUCTION
  70. 70. EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE GUINEA FOWLS PRODUCTION
  71. 71. EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE TURKEY PRODUCTION
  72. 72. GRASSCUTTERS PRODUCTION
  73. 73. PIGS
  74. 74. CATTLE
  75. 75. LIVESTOCK COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  76. 76. Songhai Integrated system Crop Production BiogasAquaculture Livestock
  77. 77. AQUACULTURE COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  78. 78. AQUACULTURE COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  79. 79. HATCHERY
  80. 80. FINGERLINGS
  81. 81. FLOATING CAGES FOR FISH FARMING
  82. 82. INTENSIVE FISH PRODUCTION
  83. 83. INTENSIVE FISH PRODUCTION
  84. 84. CATFISH
  85. 85. CATFISH
  86. 86. CATFISH
  87. 87. CARP: 1.5 KG in 12 months
  88. 88. CARP: 1.5 KG in 12 months
  89. 89. § Crops § Livestock Primary § Fish Production § Specialty Items Technology Small-Med Marketing Enterprise & Services• “Value Added” • Retail• Food Processing • Restaurants• Manufacturing • Export• Construction
  90. 90. INDUSTRIAL  ZONE
  91. 91. FOUNDRY
  92. 92. FOUNDRY PRODUCTS
  93. 93. MACHINES FABRICATION
  94. 94. AGRIC MACHINES
  95. 95. PALM OIL PRODUCTION
  96. 96. PALM OIL
  97. 97. SONGHAI  EXPORTING  AGRIC  MACHINES
  98. 98. MAIZE SHELLING
  99. 99. MAIZE SHELLING
  100. 100. RICE MILL ON PORTO-NOVO SITE
  101. 101. RICE MILL IN SONGHAI ENUGU
  102. 102. HIGH QUALITY PARBOILED RICE READY FOR MARKET
  103. 103. SOY CAKE AND SOY OIL PRODUCTION
  104. 104. WOMEN FISH PROCESSING COOPERATIVE
  105. 105. WOMEN PROCESSING CASHEW NUTS
  106. 106. CASHEW NUTS READY FOR MARKET
  107. 107. FOOD PROCESSING MACHINESSonghai new agro industry – Prefilling line forjuice, tomato, water, jam, syrup, soy milkproduction
  108. 108. Songhai new agro industry – Prefilling &filling lines for tomato, juice, water, jam, syrup,soy milk production
  109. 109. WOMEN FISH PROCESSING COOPERATIVE
  110. 110. Songhai new agro industry – Plastic recycling forthe production of bottle, flower pots, buckets etc
  111. 111. Songhai new agro industry – Plastic recycling forthe production of bottle, flower pots, buckets etc
  112. 112. Songhai juice bottle – new design
  113. 113. Songhai Buckets
  114. 114. SOY MILK
  115. 115. PINEAPPLE JUICE
  116. 116. DRIED MANGO
  117. 117. MANGO CONCENTRATES
  118. 118. SYRUP  FOR  EXPORT
  119. 119. FRUIT  JUICE  BEING    EXPORTED
  120. 120. FRUIT  JUICE  BEING    EXPORTED
  121. 121. GARI  -­‐LABEL  SONGHAI
  122. 122. SMOKED CHICKEN
  123. 123. ANIMAL PRODUCT PROCESSING
  124. 124. SOAP
  125. 125. Songhai Model § Crops § Livestock Primary § Fish Production § Specialty Items Technology Small-Med Marketing Enterprise & Services• “Value Added” • Retail• Food Processing • Restaurants• Manufacturing • Export• Construction
  126. 126. SALE POINT
  127. 127. RESTAURANT
  128. 128. ECO TOURISM
  129. 129. SONGHAI RIVERS
  130. 130. CONFERENCE CONFERENCE HALL DANS HALL DE HALL IN GREEN RURAL CITIES LES VILLES RURALES VERTES (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  131. 131. CONFERENCE HALL IN GREEN RURAL CITIES (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  132. 132. BRINGING COMMUNICATION TO GREEN RURAL CITIES IT is a must in Africa
  133. 133. WORLD LEADERSVISITING SONGHAI
  134. 134. THE  UN  SECRETARY  GENERAL  VISITING  SONGHAI
  135. 135. FORMER  UN  SECRETARY  GENERAL  VISITING  SONGHAI
  136. 136. FORMER  UN  SECRETARY  GENERAL  VISITING  SONGHAI
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