Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat
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Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat Rev Godfrey Nzamujo; Using Agriculture to Challenge Africa's Triple Threat Presentation Transcript

  • "Harnessing the opportunity sets around us to build Initiatives that can effectively face the tripleChallenge of Poverty, Environmental Degradation and difficult Demographic transition in Africa" TEDxIKOYI 24th MAY 2012
  • ! ADDRESSING OUR LOGIC OF POVERTY I think that the socio-economic situation today in Africa that we call poverty, is largely due to our incapacity to efficiently harness the opportunity sets around us. The drama of our time is that the potentials and opportunity sets (the Environmental and Human capitals) that we have on the continent could drastically reverse the situation and change the socio-economic conditions of millions of people in this region, but we are yet to develop the capacity to recognize and harness them. We in Africa have entered into the logic of Poverty because we are no longer capable of internally generating the capacities to procure goods and services that correspond to our needs and desires The other side of the drama is that passive consumerism and the quick adoption of other peoples’ experiences, solutions, systems of production and values have become cheap substitutes for doing the hard work of growing up and developing native competences and processes that would guarantee sustainable, broad based and inclusive growth on the continent.
  • SOME OF THE CONSEQUENCES Registering about 3.6% Rural Exodus in the region “ever increasing urban decay.’’ “Slumization” instead of Urbanization A time bomb WE MUST REVERSE THIS LOGIC OF POVERTY!! The challenge therefore before all of us is how to harness these opportunity sets and in the first step turn the rural sector around to become productive, efficient and remunerative with the view to seriously tackling the employment problem, triggering off the other sectors and considerably slowing down the massive rural exodus in the region. In other words, it is imperative to make our Agriculture sustainable and competitive. This is an inescapable pathway to a viable, broad-based and inclusive economy in the region.
  • An  Integrated  model  of  rural  growth  is  key  to    a  broad  based   and  inclusive  development:  AGRICULTURE  IS  A  PART  OF  A  CLUSTER  INDUSTRY ! For Agricultural growth to become a motor to socio-economic development and the eradication of poverty it requires the concomitant development of the secondary and tertiary sectors. There must be dynamic forward and backward linkages between Agriculture and the other sectors. ! Agriculture does not develop by itself, but requires a complex integrated system to support it – market its products, and provide inputs, credits and technology and management. ! An integrated development model that includes these services and linkages should be embraced. Rural growth will be difficult to take off without these enabling and complimentary services.
  • DYNAMIC  FORWARD  AND  BACKWARD  LINKAGES  BETWEEN   SECTORS  OF  THE  ECONOMY   TECHNOLOGY TRAINING
  • THE  MAIN  DRIVERS  IN  THIS  PROCESS First Driver: A multifunctional Agriculture that is sustainable, viable and competitiveThis Agriculture must be up to the following challenges to constitute a trigger element.1) Provide food in sufficient quantity to a population that is increasingly demanding in term of quality and diversity - Production that delivers sufficient quantities of safe whole-some food items that assist in disease prevention, healthy living and healthy ageing.2) Provide competitive inputs/raw materials for the Agro-Industry3) Provide feed stock for renewable energy supply - This Agriculture must be designed to become an energy source instead of an energy sink4) Provide new environmental products and services- carbon sequestration, Agro-
  • Second  Driver:  Sustainable  and  leapfrogging  Technologies• Given  the  high   level  of  produc2vity   required  to  kick  start  the  process,  technologies   that   only   guarantee   incremental   growth   will   not   be   enough.   Leapfrogging   and   sustainable  technologies  must  be  deployed.• Technological  development  therefore  has  a  major  role  to  play  in   the   African  Agro-­‐ business  and  socio-­‐economic.• The   concept   of   sustainable   development   implies   that   we   can   increase   our   produc2vity  while  protec2ng  and  enhancing  our  environment.• We   must   develop   technologies   that   would   enable   our   Agriculture   to   produce   more   with   less.  This   is   only   possible   within   an   integrated   system   of   produc2on   where   the   principles   of   synergy,   complimentarity,   supplimentarity   and   nega2ve   entropy  are  in  play.• It   must   be   noted   that   this   agriculture   will   no   longer   be   primarily   a   chemical   process  like  the  conven2onal   Agriculture,  but  largely  a  biological  process  -­‐  where   our   incredible   environmental   and   biological   capitals   would   be   fully   engaged   and   harnessed.• We  have  therefore  to  relearn   the   way  we  prac2ce  agriculture.     From  the  way  we   view   the  soil   and   its   fer2lity,   through   the   way   we  maintain,   nourish   and   protect   our  plants  and  animals  to  the  way  we  condi2on  and  market  them.
  • Third Driver: Appropriate Human Resource! Implementing structures and personnel must be aligned with the dynamics of integrated development and rural growth. Integrated Development is a “cross function” or cross cutting dynamics. It is far from being sectoral. Projects or programs like this would therefore depend mainly on the quality, character and set up of the organization/group responsible for its implementation.! This is one of the major challenges in integrated rural development. The absence of this “core” competence could adversely impact, not just the implementation but the outcomes of development programs.! Multi-skilled Human resource base is therefore imperative: It is only when the core competence has the authority, capacity and the ability to implement “cross-cutting and integrated” activities that rural integrated development programs become realistic.
  • Forth Driver: Social/ cultural/ organizational capital development• ! Since agriculture is presently carried out by a multitude of subsistent, largely unorganized small holders and various actors, their willingness and ability to participate in any program of change is a crucial factor.• Rural Development is, in effect, a complete transformation of the whole institutional structure of the rural society.• Programs must therefore be designed to mobilize, upgrade and empower the medium and small holders and other indigenous actors for attaining the goals of Broad-based and Inclusive Rural Growth.Other Drivers:5th : Development of innovative sources of Financing6th:Infrastructural development (Roads and communication) and access to Energy - especially modular decentralized and renewable sources.Agriculture: A weapon of mass construction! This model is already demonstrating that despite a myriad of constraints, it is possible for agriculture in Africa to develop, prosper and become attractive.! If these drivers are effectively set into motion in our development programs, our Agriculture would become a weapon of mass construction and the development of a broad based and inclusive socio-economic growth that will effectively fight poverty and bring prosperity to our people.
  • An Innovative Institution is required to implement this visionThe   Songhai   Integrated   system   of   development   is   quite   a  unique   one.  It   is   not   just   your   usual   training,   technology   transfer   or   produc2on   model.   It   is   designed   to   radically   tackle   the   triple   challenge   (Agriculture/Food   Security,   Poverty   and   the   difficult   demographic  transi2on)  facing  African  countries  today  in  their   struggle  for  an  inclusive   and  broad  based  Socio-­‐economic  development.  This  innova2ve  ins2tu2on  has  four  components:1)   It   is   a   technology   park   where   new   ideas   and   techniques   are   developed   and   contextualized.2)   It   is  an  Industrial   park/producNon  center   where  the   techniques   and   ideas   are   turned   into  enterprises  and  many  different  types  of  produc2on  ac2vi2es.3)   It   is   an   incubaNon/training/human   resource   development   center.   Here   no   1   (Technology   park)   and   no  2   (Industrial   park)   become  an   effec2ve  "space"   to  incubate   new  competences.  We  call  them   the  components  of  the  incuba2on  "space".  Songhai  is   a  mother  firm/farm,  an  extension  space  that  produces  func2onal  individuals.  The   Songhai   graduates   are   brought   into   a   logic   of   produc2on   because   Songhai   is   a   producNon,   a  research  and   service   center.  The  teacher/animators/managers   are  first   of   all   producers   and   not   talkers.   The   teachers   are   bare   foot   researchers   who   are   con2nually   searching   for   new  ideas   and   techniques   to  improve   their   produc2vity   and   efficiency.  The  teachers  are  entrepreneurs.  4)   Songhai   is   a   service   center.   The   game   is   not   over   aUer   the   ini2al   forma2on   period.   Services   like   marke2ng,   input   procurement,   networking,   financial/loan   and   advisory   services  are  provided  to  enable  the  young  entrepreneurs  to  stand  on  their  own.
  • Songhai  core  values  are  not  nego8able• The  founda2on   of  Songhai  is  its  core  value-­‐  Knowledge-­‐  Skill  -­‐  Value  system  (culture   of  discipline,  solidarity,  integrity  and  strong  work  ethics.)• This  core  value  has  to   be  appropriated  by  its  leaders/managers  and  a  majority  of  its   work  force  for  it  to  work.• The   inescapable   pathway   in   this   process   therefore   will   be   the   development   of   a   cri2cal   mass   of   individuals   that   have   the   capacity   (knowledge,   skills   and   values   systems)   to  not   only   be  at   home  with   elements  of  this   challenge  (fully   understand   and   comprehend   the   real   needs   and   desires-­‐   from   rural   to   urban   areas),   but   also   have  the  capacity  to  imagine,  innovate  and  develop  appropriate  solu2ons)• The   Songhai   Ini2a2ve   is   an   expression   of   a   “regenera2ve   social   economy”-­‐   (“Une   Economie   de   communion”-­‐in   French).   This  ini2a2ve,   while  strongly  reaffirming   and   reac2va2ng   the   central   posi2on   of   solidarity   in   social   construc2ons,   goes   steps   further  to  ensure  the  sustainability  of  this  human   value,   giving   it  a  “self-­‐sustaining”   base.  A  central  principle  of  the  Songhai  ini2a2ve   is  that  the  only   way  to  fight  poverty   effec2vely   is   by   making   the   poor   produc2ve.  This   is   another   way   of  re-­‐edi2ng   the   famous   Chinese  saying   that   “it  is  be[er   to  teach   someone  to   fish   than   to  give  him   fish
  • •All  stakeholders  in  the   Songhai  ini2a2ve  are  perpetual   militants  of  the  development  of  a   func2onal  and  responsive  African  human  capital.  •The   Songhai   ini2a2ve  is   a  commitment   to   an   ac2ve   and   genera2ve   use   of  resources.  All   resources  must   be  made  to  circulate  within   the  social  fabric  of  communi2es  to  make  them   reproduce  themselves.  This  ini2a2ve  is  therefore  designed   to  have  a  snowball   and   not   a   trickledown   effect.   It   revitalizes   work   as   the   basic   structure   of   modern   economy   –   the   enterprise.  Here   the  enterprise  becomes  the  focal  point  where  resources  are  oriented  for   the  crea2on  of  wealth.  •There   is   an  inbuilt   vitality,   thanks   to  the  fact  that  it  will   always  be  cons2tuted,   animated   and  facilitated  by  competent  people   –  the  “na2ve  competences”  or  “core  socio-­‐economic   leaders”   described   above   –   that   are   capable   crea2vity   and   solidarity,   especially   towards   the  most  marginalized.  •It   must   be   noted   however,   that   solidarity   in   this   ini2a2ve   is   detached   from   the   usual   prac2ce   of   social   welfare   that   is   characterized   by   perpetual-­‐handouts,   as   seen   in   many   development  programs  in  Africa  and  many  developing  economies.  
  • ZERI Zero EmissionResearch Initiative -*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*“Produce  more  with  less”
  • CONVENTIONAL POULTRY PRODUCTION CHAIN Water Water Infrastructure Energy Packaging Refrigeration Accessories Equipment CONSUMERS Water Labor Money MARKET Labor Ingredients COLD STORAGE Equipment Proc Frozen essed meat PROCESSING Infrastructure and packa ged meat ABATTOIR produ cts Broilers HUSBANDRYInfrastructures QuailsDay Old Chicks Dressed Turkeys meat CONSUMER Labor MARKET LEVEL Ducks LEVEL LOSSES STORAGE Feed LOSSES LEVEL LOSSES Water Blood Waste Water Energy By-products Feather Bones Manure Fat Sewage Waste Water Dead animals
  • POULTRY CHAIN Bio-gas Energy Bio-gas Bio-gasTHE ALTERNATIVE THAT Packaging Energy Energy SONGHAI PROPOSES Labor Packaging Infrastructure (refrigeration) Water Equipment Infrastructure PRODUCT Labor Infrastructure (refrigeration) M Brewery STORAGE Equipment P AR Wastes MEAT SHOP KE INDUSTRY Infrastructure RO TI AB CE NG AT Smoked PR S by-products of TO Chicken OD Dressed Food processing IR S UC Poultry ribs TI I - Cake (soya, peanuts, Hams ON Live palm kernel, cotton, NG coco, sunflowers…) Poultry Sausages - Cassava peelings ANIMAL Bones NUTRITION FISH Waste Water Fertilization of waste water Water Manure AGRICULTUREaquaculture feather Compost BIO-GAS Maize, Rice, Pond Meat PROCESSING Sorghum, Soya, Fertilization Blood Moringa, etc Fertilization intestine Blood meal ANIMAL NUTRITIONAGRICULTURE AQUACULTURE AGRICULTURE ANIMAL PRODUCTION Maggots
  • Integrated Production System § Crops § Livestock Primary § Fish Production § Specialty Items Technology Small-Med Marketing Enterprise & Services • “Value Added” • Retail • Food Processing • Restaurants • Manufacturing • Export • Construction
  • Integrated Production System Crop Production Bioenergy Aquaculture Livestock
  • RECYCLING PIG SLURRY FOR RICE PRODUCTION
  • USE OF WATER HYACINTH/AQUATIC PLANTS FOR WATERPURIFICATION – RECYCLED WATER USED FOR FISH FARMING
  • SONGHAI GREEN WATERRECYCLING / PURIFICATION SET UP
  • PIGS FEEDING ON AQUATIC PLANTS/ WATER GREENS
  • BIOGAS PRODUCTION
  • ELECTRICITY GENERATION WITH BIOGAS
  • RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
  • Songhai Integrated system Crop Production BioenergyAquaculture Livestock
  • COMPOST
  • RAMIAL CHIPPED WOOD - CHIPPING MACHINE
  • RAMIAL CHIPPED WOOD - CHIPPING MACHINE
  • PRODUCTION OF TOMATOIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • CROP PRODUCTION IN GREEN HOUSE
  • PRODUCTION OF TOMATOES IN GREEN HOUSE
  • TOMATO  
  • MARKET  GARDEN   IRRIGATION
  • CARROTS
  • CONSERVATION  AND  STORAGE  OF  VEGETABLES  
  • CONDITIONNING  AND  PREPARATION  OF  VEGETABLES  FOR  THE  MARKET  
  • GROWING SWEET PEPPER IN GREENHOUSE
  • BELL PEPPER
  • GREENHOUSE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • GREENHOUSE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • HOT PEPPER PRODUCTION (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  • GREEN BEANS
  • COMMERCIAL AND INTENSIVE WATER MELON PRODUCTION IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • INTENSIVE PRODUCTION OF CABBAGES
  • COMMERCIAL AND INTENSIVE PAWPAW PRODUCTION IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • ENUGU STATE SONGHAI GRADUATES IN THEIR RICE FIELD
  • NEW RICE ALL YEAR  IRRIGATED  PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • NEW  RICE  ALL  YEAR  IRRIGATED  PRODUCTION  TECHNIQUE  IN  ADANI   (ENUGU  STATE  SONGHAI  INITIATIVE)
  • NEW RICE ALL YEAR IRRIGATED PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE IN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • INTENSIVE  PRODUCTION  OF  SORGHUM  IS  POSSIBLE   IN  THE  SOUTH  EAST
  • STRAWBERRY
  • INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
  • INTEGRATED PESTMANAGEMENT
  • MUSHROOM
  • BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • BEE KEEPING/HONEY PRODUCTION COMPLEXIN ADANI (ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • MECHANIZED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
  • SOME OF THE TWENTY FIVE NEW TRACTORS ACQUIREDBY ENUGU GOV. FOR THE GREEN RURAL CITIES IN THE
  • Songhai Integrated system Crop Production BiogasAquaculture Livestock
  • LIVESTOCK COMPLEX AT ADANI (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  • BROILERS CAGES
  • QUAIL EGGS
  • QUAILS
  • INTENSIVE EGG PRODUCTION
  • INTENSIVE EGG PRODUCTION
  • INTENSIVE PULLETS PRODUCTION
  • POLYVALENT POULTRY - EGG / MEAT PRODUCTION
  • EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE GEESE PRODUCTION
  • EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE GUINEA FOWLS PRODUCTION
  • EXTENSIVE / FREE RANGE TURKEY PRODUCTION
  • GRASSCUTTERS PRODUCTION
  • PIGS
  • CATTLE
  • LIVESTOCK COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • Songhai Integrated system Crop Production BiogasAquaculture Livestock
  • AQUACULTURE COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • AQUACULTURE COMPLEX IN ADANI(ENUGU STATE SONGHAI INITIATIVE)
  • HATCHERY
  • FINGERLINGS
  • FLOATING CAGES FOR FISH FARMING
  • INTENSIVE FISH PRODUCTION
  • INTENSIVE FISH PRODUCTION
  • CATFISH
  • CATFISH
  • CATFISH
  • CARP: 1.5 KG in 12 months
  • CARP: 1.5 KG in 12 months
  • § Crops § Livestock Primary § Fish Production § Specialty Items Technology Small-Med Marketing Enterprise & Services• “Value Added” • Retail• Food Processing • Restaurants• Manufacturing • Export• Construction
  • INDUSTRIAL  ZONE
  • FOUNDRY
  • FOUNDRY PRODUCTS
  • MACHINES FABRICATION
  • AGRIC MACHINES
  • PALM OIL PRODUCTION
  • PALM OIL
  • SONGHAI  EXPORTING  AGRIC  MACHINES
  • MAIZE SHELLING
  • MAIZE SHELLING
  • RICE MILL ON PORTO-NOVO SITE
  • RICE MILL IN SONGHAI ENUGU
  • HIGH QUALITY PARBOILED RICE READY FOR MARKET
  • SOY CAKE AND SOY OIL PRODUCTION
  • WOMEN FISH PROCESSING COOPERATIVE
  • WOMEN PROCESSING CASHEW NUTS
  • CASHEW NUTS READY FOR MARKET
  • FOOD PROCESSING MACHINESSonghai new agro industry – Prefilling line forjuice, tomato, water, jam, syrup, soy milkproduction
  • Songhai new agro industry – Prefilling &filling lines for tomato, juice, water, jam, syrup,soy milk production
  • WOMEN FISH PROCESSING COOPERATIVE
  • Songhai new agro industry – Plastic recycling forthe production of bottle, flower pots, buckets etc
  • Songhai new agro industry – Plastic recycling forthe production of bottle, flower pots, buckets etc
  • Songhai juice bottle – new design
  • Songhai Buckets
  • SOY MILK
  • PINEAPPLE JUICE
  • DRIED MANGO
  • MANGO CONCENTRATES
  • SYRUP  FOR  EXPORT
  • FRUIT  JUICE  BEING    EXPORTED
  • FRUIT  JUICE  BEING    EXPORTED
  • GARI  -­‐LABEL  SONGHAI
  • SMOKED CHICKEN
  • ANIMAL PRODUCT PROCESSING
  • SOAP
  • Songhai Model § Crops § Livestock Primary § Fish Production § Specialty Items Technology Small-Med Marketing Enterprise & Services• “Value Added” • Retail• Food Processing • Restaurants• Manufacturing • Export• Construction
  • SALE POINT
  • RESTAURANT
  • ECO TOURISM
  • SONGHAI RIVERS
  • CONFERENCE CONFERENCE HALL DANS HALL DE HALL IN GREEN RURAL CITIES LES VILLES RURALES VERTES (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  • CONFERENCE HALL IN GREEN RURAL CITIES (SONGHAI ENUGU)
  • BRINGING COMMUNICATION TO GREEN RURAL CITIES IT is a must in Africa
  • WORLD LEADERSVISITING SONGHAI
  • THE  UN  SECRETARY  GENERAL  VISITING  SONGHAI
  • FORMER  UN  SECRETARY  GENERAL  VISITING  SONGHAI
  • FORMER  UN  SECRETARY  GENERAL  VISITING  SONGHAI