TCI 2013 Boosting business renewal through company spin-off at cluster level

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By Alberto Pezzi, ACC1Ó, Government of Catalonia, presented at the 16th TCI Global Conference, Kolding 2013.

By Alberto Pezzi, ACC1Ó, Government of Catalonia, presented at the 16th TCI Global Conference, Kolding 2013.

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  • 1. Boosting business renewal through company spin-off at cluster level Alberto Pezzi Breakout Session: Entrepreneurship and SME support in clusters 5 September 2013
  • 2. BOOSTING BUSINESS RENEWAL THROUGH COMPANY SPIN-OFF AT CLUSTER LEVEL Alberto Pezzi Director Competitive Strategy and Cluster Division ACC10 / Directorate General for Industry Government of Catalonia Treasurer and member of the Board of Directors TCI Network Kolding, 5th September 2013 16th annual conference
  • 3. CLUSTERS and NEW BUSINESS FORMATION
  • 4. CLUSTERS ARE EVERYWHERE... 4 CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES WORLDWIDE 2001199719921980 Emilia-Romagna Toscana (industrial-districts based policies) .... Catalunya Euskadi Scotland Chihuahua Arizona Massachussets New Zealand Christchurch Sonoma Costa Rica Morocco .... Sweden Turkey Lithuania Barcelona 22@ Austria Jordan México Campeche South Africa Rhône Alpes .... France Estonia Denmark Dominican Republic Slovenia UK Minas Gerais (BR) ... 1990 2003 2006 Pakistan Kazakhstan Poland …. Paraguay Rio Negro (AR) Russia …. 2013 Aprox. over 1.400 Initiatives at world llevel (USAID) Over 1.200 cluster organization at European level (source: ECO - European cluster observatory) Source: TCI cluster initiatives database, TCI research and practice Selected regions and countries with cluster-based development initiatives SCOPE: NATIONAL REGIONAL LOCAL-CITY TCI Worldwide presence
  • 5. USING CLUSTERS FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH 5 AND (Vs.) “domesticated” clusters € “wild” clusters
  • 6. USING CLUSTERS FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH 6 AND (Vs.) “domesticated” clusters € Apply managerial techniques and practices to increase cluster performance Observe cluster dynamics and try to learn and take advantage from it “wild” clusters
  • 7. BOLOGNA (ITALY) 7 THE CITY IN 3 WORDS
  • 8. AND A UNIQUE INNOVATIVE COMMUNITY 8
  • 9. Food industry Consumers’ habits Hygiene regulation Distribution, etc. Social & market changes BOLOGNA: .. THE FAT
  • 10. BOLOGNA: .. THE ERUDITE .. and THE ENTREPRENEURIAL
  • 11. Silk industry (silk mill mechanical technology) Indicative timeline mid XVII century XIX century 1900 1925 1950 1975 2000 textile Food industry Repair Metal work Light mechanics … Mechanical industry Packaging machinery Medical devices Others: farm machinery, tool machinery, motoreductors, etc. Motorcycle Specialized skills BOLOGNA: .. “THE CLUSTERIZED”
  • 12. 1930 1940 1950 1960 1980 1990 1970 1920 Carpigiani PreciArca Flli Zucchini Cevolani CAMCorazza C&M ZanasiO.M. Billi FIMA Zamboni Ferriani ICA GrandiMenegatti Farmomac SM Mod. Wrapmatic Cassoli STMZambelli Famar Pantecnica MAB BCF MG2 BTB Smabo Marchesini AM CVM Impak BFB Carnatic PIMI Vame Baumer AmoteK Tinarelli Tecnotrend Montpack Companies created by alumni of the Instituto Aldini Valeriani Source: Curti- Grandi, Per niente fragile, Bologna capitale del packaging, 1997. N. Fima Spin-offs from ACMA (1940-1990) BUSINESS CREATION THROUGH SPIN-OFF: THE RISE OF THE PACKAGING INDUSTRY CLUSTER IN BOLOGNA
  • 13. Business evolution is not only about business and technology New generation of high speed microdosing machine for aseptic environmentsBolognese-style silk mill (begin of XVII century) Specialized skills Entrepreneurship Market opportunities COMMUNITY HISTORY AND IDENTITY MATTERS - 1
  • 14. KEY INGREDIENTS: 1 - DEMAND DEMAND / MARKET
  • 15. KEY INGREDIENTS: 2 – KEY ENABLERS INNOVATION / TECHNOLOGYDEMAND / MARKET
  • 16. KEY INGREDIENTS: 3 – THE COMMUNITY AND ITS “CHAMPIONS” Innovation as social process Sophisticated demand Non-tech innovation CHANCE INNOVATION / TECHNOLOGYDEMAND / MARKET TERRITORY / BUSINESS CULTURE
  • 17. Packaging machinery cluster Bologna Diamond years 1940-60 • Sophisticated and diversified demand of packaged goods from retail sector and particularly from food industry (packaged meat, etc.) • Changes in consumers’ habits • Strong mechanical culture in the territory • Technical School Aldini Valeriani (est. 1880) Other related sectors: Mechanics: • motorcycles • tooling machinery Electronics: • medical devices • measurement systems • Family owned SMEs • Family and personal linkages • Strong emulation spirit • “Co-opetition” Related and supporting industries Context for firm strategy and rivalry Demand conditions • Social capital • Flexible production • Customization • Client oriented Factors (input) conditions • Entrepreneurial spirit • Availability of capital • Radical innovation technology: “Z wheel” • Transmission of contextual knowledge through spin-off COMMUNITY HISTORY AND IDENTITY MATTERS - 2
  • 18. ONLY IN BOLOGNA?
  • 19. CLUSTERS ARE THE LABS OF FUTURE GROWTH
  • 20. What we need is an entrepreneurial society in which innovation and entrepreneurship are normal, steady, and continous. Peter F. Drucker Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 1986
  • 21. THANKS !