TCI2013 Skill development services & business models  for cluster organizations
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TCI2013 Skill development services & business models for cluster organizations

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By Tor-Arne Bellika, Inovation Performance AS, Norway, presented at the 16th TCI Global Conference, Kolding 2013.

By Tor-Arne Bellika, Inovation Performance AS, Norway, presented at the 16th TCI Global Conference, Kolding 2013.

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    TCI2013 Skill development services & business models  for cluster organizations TCI2013 Skill development services & business models for cluster organizations Presentation Transcript

    • Skill development services & business models for cluster organizations Tor-Arne Bellika Academic Summit: Innovation and business models in clusters 5 September 2013
    • 2 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Learning Layers Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters Skill development services & business models for cluster organizations Addressing skills and jobs challenges in Europe through skill services in Cluster Organizations. Tor-Arne Bellika, Innovation Performance AS, Norway Gilbert Peffer, CIMNE Barcelona, Spain Ludger Deitmer, ITB, University of Bremen, Germany 2
    • 3 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu The challenge & the research • Problem addressed: – Massive unemployment in EU-27 – lack of skilled talents for young SMEs- the real job creators of Europe – Can we develop the right skills faster? • Our research: – Mapped basis for services and business models in clusters and regions in relevant literature. – Studied skill services and business models in groups of clusters in three regions. – Next phase: • detailed mapping of services, revenues and business models for skill services in clusters • Layers: an FP 7-Integrated R&I project – nov 2012 until nov 2016/13 mill Euro budget.
    • 4 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Clusters are core in addressing European skills challenges. • Growth SMEs increasingly organize in clusters • 67% of EU-27 business employment in SMEs • Young SMEs are the job creators of Europe – 85% of net new jobs in EU 2002-2010 were in SMEs – New SMEs, younger than 5 years, responsible for majority of new jobs. – Most new jobs require advanced skill sets. • Cluster organizations service breath and intensity directly influence SME impact. • Skill shortage is #1 growth barrier for many clusters. Source: EU SME Performance Review Oct/2012
    • 5 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Theoretical framework • Innovation gap model (Linqvist & Sölvell) – Cluster organizations as service providers – Funding logics of cluster organizations • Disruptive innovation model (Christensen) – cluster organizations as disruptors in learning services? • Learning region model (Nyhan et al) – How do regions develop ability to learn faster in times of increased specialization?
    • 6 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Research questions • Barriers for the «cluster as a service provider» model? • How important are skill service revenues for cluster organisations? • Can cluster organizations be disruptors in skill services? • Barriers for use of ICT in skills services in clusters? • What are the necessary expansions of current models of cluster organizations and their funding logics?
    • 7 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Most important findings • Skills services has big potential as major funding source for cluster organizations • Mature cluster organizations drive renewal of skill development in their region • New services integrate informal @work and formal learning and initial and continued education • Lack of «cluster commons» a BIG barrier to improved skills development in regions. • Rigid business models are major barrier for more use of ICT in skill services • Service development and funding logics for cluster organizations need detailing.
    • 8 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Cluster org funding logics model basis for researching business models
    • 9 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Recommendations and Implications • Promote regional cluster to cluster collaboration in skill services and regional sharing of service platform elements. • Broaden target groups of cluster program skill services beyond cluster management teams to create shared «cluster commons» in regions. • Standardize measurement and track % self funding for all cluster organizations. • Promote use of ICT in skill services and increased focus on informal @work learning • Promote joint skill service development and shared regional platforms
    • 10 http://Learning-Layers-eu – Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters – layers@learning- layers.eu Contact info • Tor-Arne Bellika, – CEO Innovation Performance AS. • Learning Layers: www.learning-layers.eu LinkedIn: no.linkedin.com/in/torarnebellika/ Mobile: +47 90538842 email: tab@i-perform.no