Metropolitan Food Clusters: The Strategic
Capacity of Regional Economic Clusters
Alwin Gerritsen
Academic Summit: Clusters...
Metropolitan Food Clusters: The Strategic
Capacity of Regional Economic Clusters
Alwin Gerritsen, Roald Plug, Remco Kranen...
Research focus
 Clusters as regional ecosystems
● Fixed attributes and generic outcomes
● Globalization
● The region as a...
The Metropolitan Food Clusters concept
 Development of a sustainable and efficient agro and food
systems in regional clus...
Farmers Collection
Points
Collection
Centres
Primary
processing
Centres
Distribution
Domestic
markets
Export markets
Retai...
Gehu Lake
Eco-Agro
sightseein
g district
(Agropark
)
Central
residents and
service
district
Green
environment
industrial
d...
MFC as a system innovation
1. Resource use efficiency
● Industrial ecology
2. Intelligent agro logistics
3. Vertical integ...
Vertical integration in ‘New Mixed Company’
Horizontal Integration in ‘Biopark Terneuzen’
 Agricultural production through industrial
ecology connected to agro-indus...
The concept in practice
 A coalition of government agencies, businesses and/or
knowledge holders start a cluster initiati...
Activities
 ‘Road shows’: awareness raising
 Feasibility studies
 Masterplanning (co-design)
 Community formation: eng...
Strategic coupling with MFC communities
 EIP Agricultural productivity and sustainability
● EU
● Operational Group on MFC...
Regional attributes matter
 Path dependencies
● Evolution
 Social & institutional foundations
● Absorptive capacities
● ...
Conclusions
 Strategic clustering is about a strategic decision and
about establishing cluster factors to become a ecosys...
Thank you for
your attention!
Questions /
comments?
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TCI2013 Metropolitan food clusters: The strategic capacity of regional economic clusters

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By Alwin Gerritsen, Wageningen University, Netherlands, presented at the 16th TCI Global Conference, Kolding 2013.

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  • Gerritsen, Alwin 1-9-2013proximity, interaction and spatial embedding
  • TCI2013 Metropolitan food clusters: The strategic capacity of regional economic clusters

    1. 1. Metropolitan Food Clusters: The Strategic Capacity of Regional Economic Clusters Alwin Gerritsen Academic Summit: Clusters as entrepreneurial ecosystems 4 September 2013
    2. 2. Metropolitan Food Clusters: The Strategic Capacity of Regional Economic Clusters Alwin Gerritsen, Roald Plug, Remco Kranendonk (Wageningen UR) & Arnoud Lagendijk (Radboud University Nijmegen) TCI Global Conference, 4 September, 2013, Kolding, Denmark
    3. 3. Research focus  Clusters as regional ecosystems ● Fixed attributes and generic outcomes ● Globalization ● The region as a strategic opportunity  Cluster development as a strategic, relational and visionary activity ● How does cluster development function in this approach?  Metropolitan Food Clusters (MFC) ● 6 examples (Netherlands, China, India & Mexico)
    4. 4. The Metropolitan Food Clusters concept  Development of a sustainable and efficient agro and food systems in regional clusters ● Growing middle class, urbanization & rural collapse ● Climate change ● Diminishing stock of natural resources  Industrialisation, economies of scale and intensification
    5. 5. Farmers Collection Points Collection Centres Primary processing Centres Distribution Domestic markets Export markets Retail Metropolitan Food Clusters Primary production
    6. 6. Gehu Lake Eco-Agro sightseein g district (Agropark ) Central residents and service district Green environment industrial district Ecological recreation district WAZ-Holland Park, Changzhou, China
    7. 7. MFC as a system innovation 1. Resource use efficiency ● Industrial ecology 2. Intelligent agro logistics 3. Vertical integration 4. Horizontal integration ● Plant & animal 5. Institutional ● Governance ● Knowledge management
    8. 8. Vertical integration in ‘New Mixed Company’
    9. 9. Horizontal Integration in ‘Biopark Terneuzen’  Agricultural production through industrial ecology connected to agro-industry  Focus on sustainable bio-energy production  In operation Yara fertiliser production 200 ha Greenhouses Nedalco bio- ethanol Heros wastewater cleaning BiomassaUnie co-digester Roosendaal Energy Biodiesel Proces&wastewater Proces & wastewater heat CO2 CO2 Biomasswaste Substrate Power
    10. 10. The concept in practice  A coalition of government agencies, businesses and/or knowledge holders start a cluster initiative  MFC as a strategic, guiding and unifying concept  External organizations (KENGi) are drawn into the regional processes ● To empower and to organize cluster development activities ● Knowledge, technology, and facilitation capabilities
    11. 11. Activities  ‘Road shows’: awareness raising  Feasibility studies  Masterplanning (co-design)  Community formation: engagement, alignment and creativity  Joint fact finding: excursions  Establishing connections with other trajectories  Network meetings for matchmaking (B2B)  Implementation and investments  Reflexive action: making adjustments ‘on the way’
    12. 12. Strategic coupling with MFC communities  EIP Agricultural productivity and sustainability ● EU ● Operational Group on MFCs  Climate KIC MFC Community (EU)  MFC CoPs in the Netherlands and Mexico
    13. 13. Regional attributes matter  Path dependencies ● Evolution  Social & institutional foundations ● Absorptive capacities ● Values and actor relations
    14. 14. Conclusions  Strategic clustering is about a strategic decision and about establishing cluster factors to become a ecosystem ● Strategic coupling with external networks and trajectories ● Engaging in a reflexive visioning process ● Building on the existing attributes and foundations  ‘Strategic capacity’ as a guiding principle for cluster policies ● Enhancement by facilitation and knowledge activities ● Reflexive action
    15. 15. Thank you for your attention! Questions / comments?

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