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TCIOceania14 Clustering for growth - an international perspective


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  • 1. Clustering for Growth – An International Perspective The EU’s Pacific Island pilot cluster project Ifor Ffowcs-Williams 30 May 2014
  • 2. © Cluster Navigators Ltd 2014 TCI Oceania Conference Sydney May 2014 1 Ifor Ffowcs-Williams New Zealand Clustering for Growth An International Perspective The EU’s Pacific Island pilot cluster project Why cluster development? “The evidence is clear: Regions that are home to dynamic clusters, and companies that are rooted in such clusters, do better.” Dr Christian Ketels President, The Competitiveness Institute Every EU country has some form of cluster development support in place The Buzzword in Brussels:   France:   Major  clusters   under   development     Germany’s   lead  clusters     Financing  for   each  cluster:   up  to  €40   million  over  5   years    
  • 3. © Cluster Navigators Ltd 2014 TCI Oceania Conference Sydney May 2014 2 Sweden’s national innovation agency Role: To Connect & Catalyse 2014-05-14 Sweden’s national cluster programme Sweden’s cluster programme, VINNVÄXT •  A competition that rewards the best •  200 applications, only 15 awards, each receiving up to EUR 1 million per year •  Support for 10 years, sometimes 16 •  Focus on a region’s strengths … it’s ‘smart specialisation’ •  Active participation of companies, researchers and political/public sector, the Triple Helix •  Strong support activities: seminars, coaching, networking, experience-sharing etc. 2014-05-14 VINNVÄXT VINNVÄXT 2013 Örnsköldsvik, Sweden Population: 30,000
  • 4. © Cluster Navigators Ltd 2014 TCI Oceania Conference Sydney May 2014 3 2014-05-14 VINNVÄXT VINNVÄXT 2013 Risk  and   Security     Material     Science   Mobile   CommunicaDon     Life   Science     Packaging   Clean     Tech     LogisDc   White   fields   Finland Denmark China Germany Germany Canada Italy Korea Skåne,   Sweden   Cluster     engagement   2014-05-14 VINNVÄXT VINNVÄXT 2013 ProcessIT Cluster review Last week in Umea, northern Sweden ProcessIT Cluster review Last week in Umea, northern Sweden •  International review ever 3 years •  This year: US based IT Professor & IFW •  Triple Helix in action, senior stakeholders •  From business •  Multinationals and SMEs •  From public agencies •  National, municipal •  From two universities •  Management Team and Board Bornholm, Denmark Population 42,000 SWEDEN FINLAND RUSSIA ESTONIA LATVIA LITHUANIA BELARUS POLAND Baltic Sea
  • 5. © Cluster Navigators Ltd 2014 TCI Oceania Conference Sydney May 2014 4 Business Clusters on Bornholm BUILDING & CONSTR. MECH. ENGINEERING FOOD TOURISM ARTS & CRAFT AGRICULTURE ENERGY Bornholm as ”green/ sustainable” technology and test laboratory Bright Green Test Island: CleanTech, renewable energy, building & construction Bornholm as The Adventure Island, nature, wellness, arts & craft, medieval history and culture, music & sports events Bornholm as the Food Island Gourmet Bornholm/ food producers, farmers, restaurants, chefs, canteens, wholesalers, distributors, retailers EU actively linking European Clusters e.g. Food clusters •  Oresund (Denmark/Sweden) •  Flanders (Belgium) •  Rogaland (Norway) •  Wielkopolska (Poland) •  Emilia-Romagna (Italy) •  Castilla y León (Spain) •  North Rhine Westfalia (Germany) •  Rhone Alps (France) EU’s Cluster Pilot projet PNG, Samoa, Tonga & Vanuatu •  Piloting cluster-based economic development in small island environments •  6 month programme, ending July •  Driven by Chambers of Commerce, close donor involvement •  Budget: Euros 1 million •  First cluster project in South Pacific? Samoa’s Pilot Cluster Adding value to coconut oil
  • 6. © Cluster Navigators Ltd 2014 TCI Oceania Conference Sydney May 2014 5 Vanuatu’s Cluster Pilot Cruise Tourism Tonga’s Cluster Pilot Broadly based ‘Team Tonga’ PNG’s Cluster Pilot: ICT Voting on the development agenda Catalysing a cluster requires a change agent ... the cluster manager Cats … much easier to herd than cluster members A Cluster Manager Advice to Cluster Managers 1. Listen! •  Listen carefully to the needs of your cluster’s stakeholders. •  Visit, understand their situation, their opportunities, their constraints. •  Identify common agendas, the cross-cutting themes. •  Respond with demand orientated services, collaborative projects.
  • 7. © Cluster Navigators Ltd 2014 TCI Oceania Conference Sydney May 2014 6 2. Explore at the cluster’s periphery •  Generate multiple options at the edges: •  Test new agendas that have passion; •  Don’t kill them through debate; •  Build a portfolio of activities. •  Learning-by-doing, not paralysis-by-analysis. •  If there are no failures you are taking it too easy. 3. Find the cluster champions that others trust •  Energise, empower your cluster’s talent •  Encourage leaders who are door openers to step forward •  Build a Coalition of the Willing •  Ensure you are not the ‘Project Manager’ for everything. 4. Build a Co-opetition Culture Co-purchasing Co-marketing Co-production Co-specialisation Co-creation of value 5. Blow the Trumpet! Tell your cluster’s story…loudly •  Within the cluster •  Core firms; banks, suppliers, professional services… •  Public agencies, politicians •  Universities, High schools … •  Well beyond the cluster •  Customers, related clusters, investors, migrants, national agencies … Cluster development…Centre Stage Not just ‘another project’ Cluster Development Centre Stage An integrated framework for: R&D, Technology transfer SME development; Start-ups Investment, migrant attraction Skills, training; workforce development Incubators & Industry/Technology Parks Export development, internationalisation Economist Intelligence Unit Fostering innovation-led clusters, 2011 “There are few economic development policies as popular as clusters. It is hard today to find a country, region, or even city that is not trying to develop a network of complementary and competitive firms.”
  • 8. © Cluster Navigators Ltd 2014 TCI Oceania Conference Sydney May 2014 7 Global Competitiveness Report, 2013/14 Ranking, Cluster Development 2. Italy 3. UAE 4. Germany 5. Switzerland 12. Finland 13. UK 14. Malaysia 15. Norway 16. India 17. Austria 18. Canada 19. Sweden 21. Ireland 23. Saudi Arabia 28. South Korea 30. Turkey 33. Thailand 34. Denmark 35. Mexico 37. Australia 42. Spain 43. South Africa 44. Cambodia 45. Czech Republic 50. Chile 53. Kenya 54. Mauritius 56. Iceland 62. Pakistan 65. Nigeria 66. Bangladesh 68. Vietnam 70. Rwanda 73. New Zealand IFW has been engaged on cluster development in each of the identified countries Why is cluster development not fully on the agenda in OZ & NZ? Blue  Mountains   Creative  Cluster Ifor Ffowcs-Williams CEO, Cluster Navigators Ltd 22 Examiner St, Nelson 7010 New Zealand + 64 3 548 0606 Skype: ‘clusterguy’ Blog: