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Cluster basics: Learning Clusters

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By Madeline Smith at the 12th TCI Global Conference, Jyväskylä 2009 …

By Madeline Smith at the 12th TCI Global Conference, Jyväskylä 2009

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance

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  • 1. Madeline SmithHead of Innovation, EKOSLearning ClustersTCI 2009
  • 2. What do we mean by Learning Clusters How can Clusters Learn? Why should they learn? Challenges to overcome?o External Environmento Internal behaviours Focus for this weekDoing(sensing)Reflecting(perceiving)Linking(intuition)Planning(judging)KOLB D A (1984) Experiential Learning: experience as the source oflearning and development
  • 3. Why are we here? TCIo Share experienceso Learn from otherso Take something back Good intentions failo Real world interveneso “Day job”o Difficult to change what we do
  • 4. Cluster’s EnvironmentIs it a good environment for growth?• Money – Financial Capital• Skills – Human Capital• Knowledge – Intellectual capital• Access to Markets – Market Capital• Things – Physical Capital• Networks – Social Capital
  • 5. Clusters are ... Subject to changes in external environment Affected by changing customer expectations Must learn to adapt and evolve Listen to those at the edge – early signals Learning organisations By nature open and collaborative Share knowledge Learn from each other Learning to work in different way
  • 6. Clusters – Innovative Communities Communities are driven by(one or more): Innovation Communitiesexhibit cohesion in some +diversity in others Innovation is often expressedat a communities’ ‘edges’PurposePassionPlacePerspectiveTrustBeyond Open Innovation, Dames, Robson, Smith & Tumulty, 2007
  • 7. Building Trust Very important Very difficult Trust is necessary precondition for collaboration – inpractice the suspicion rather than trust is the startingpoint. Difficulties in collaboration“Seeking collaborative advantage is a seriouslyresource-consuming activity, so is only to be consideredwhen the stakes are really worth pursuing…don’t do itunless you have to” (Huxham and Vangen, 2005)
  • 8. Stimulation andAcquisition ofrelevantresearch anddevelopmentL5 FUTURE FOCUSLOOPPerformance ofindividual firmsOverallperformance ofall firms in thezoneIntensity ofdifferentiatedcompetitiveperformanceMotivation forcompetitiveinnovationDegree ofenhancement ofcompetitiveinnovationCompetitivelevel ofplatform forinnovationSharing ofcritical sectoralknowledgeExtent ofcollaborativeinitiativesExtent of sharedresponse tocommonchallengesL1 INTER-FIRM RIVALRY LOOPL2 INTER-FIRM CO-OPERATIONLOOPGlobal competitionand external marketpressureType of culturalcontextL3 COLLABORATIVEADVANTAGELOOP L4 VENTUREATTRACTIVENESSLOOPCollection – Cooperation - CollaborationCompetitivepower of clusterSmith and Brown, Local Economy, June 2009The Cluster Dynamic Loops
  • 9. Proactive not Reactive Look further ahead Anticipate dips Catch and ride the nextwave Speed of change everfaster Challenging our ability to learn fast enough Innovation neededo When speed of change > Ability to learn
  • 10. Activity+Horizon 2Horizon 1 Horizon 3Innovation . . . 3 HorizonsImprove thecurrentEnvision thepossibleNurture theemergentSustaining innovation Transformative innovationDisruptive InnovationDavid Robson, Head of Energy and Environment Foresight
  • 11. Learning to change Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results. Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results. Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results. Insanity = doing the same thing over and over again andexpecting different results.Albert Einstein
  • 12. How do we recognise good ideas Our current “world view” restricts our ability to learn Cognitive Bias / Cognitive FrameworksVisibleChallengeableFluidHiddenUn-challengeableRigidIntelligence & InformationAnalysis HypothesesMental models AssertionsBeliefs AssumptionsTimeCognitiveFrameworkBarriers to Learning
  • 13. Points of view
  • 14. You do not have the full picture Diverse groups learn quicker Diverse groups perform better
  • 15. Learning clustersWe need to Be open and collaborative Value external input Collective learning is more effective Look for other perspectives – to complete the picture Challenge our cognitive barriers – “same as usual” is notgood enough Be ready to do things differently
  • 16. Revisit on Friday
  • 17. Madeline SmithHead of InnovationEKOS LtdEmail: madeline.smith@ekos.co.ukTel: +44 141 353 1994www.ekos-consultants.co.uk