At a loss for words?214 Evans Library | 205 West Campus Librarywritingcenter.tamu.edu | 979-458-1455
Name that tune!3
Name that tune!4
The Artists“Diamonds are Forever”Shirley Bassey1971“Diamonds from Sierra Leone”Kanye West2005www.cardiffians.co.uk/.../shirleybasseytml www.thesunblog.com/frosting/archives/2007/09/5
Name that tune!6
Name that tune!7
“Georgia on my Mind”Ray Charles1960“Georgia”Field Mob feat. Ludacris2005http://assets.rollingstone.com/assets/images/music/lists/100-greatest-singers-of-all-time/306x306/ray-charles.jpghttp://smartsexyrichcrazy.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/ludacris-fsh.jpg8The Artists
Name that tune!9
Name that tune!10
“Under Pressure”Queen & David Bowie1981“Ice Ice Baby”Vanilla Ice1990http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_L0EDrCiS6pE/SdRfRhJmP-I/AAAAAAAABiU/oiQgK1uJdbw/s400/39c6bb676e59affd4f97a4f805b71a72.jpghttp://capitalistliontamer.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/iceman.jpg11The Artists
While researching for yourpaper on dance club musicsales, you find a chart thatsupports your mainargument. You downloadthe chart and add it to yourpaper withoutdocumenting the source.12http://www.google.com/imgres?q=Billboard+charts&hl=en&client=safari&sa=X&rls=en&biw=1621&bih=853&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=I8rfvsiXda9ATM:&imgrefurl=http://imaginepeace.com/archives/5495&docid=yvbxDAXYnEWjZM&imgurl=http://imaginepeace.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/billboard-chart.jpg&w=499&h=799&ei=jF3_T66VM6Si2gXP9s2hBA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1405&vpy=147&dur=158&hovh=284&hovw=177&tx=141&ty=168&sig=106090041932312229745&page=1&tbnh=147&tbnw=91&start=0&ndsp=32&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0,i:162iz-khalifa-hip-hop-rookie-of-the-year/Is This Plagiarism?
Is This Plagiarism?13You are writing a paperabout African Americanspirituals and rock nroll. When you find anarticle that supportsyour argument, yousummarize the article inyour own words and citeit in text and in thebibliography.http://ctl.du.edu/spirituals/assets/comp/swinglow.jpg
While researching therhetoric of anti-war folksongs, you find an article thatis perfect. To avoid copyingthe article word-for-word inyour paper, you insteadexchange key words andrearrange sentences. Youinclude a complete citationwith the page number andthe source.14http://vietnamartwork.wordpress.com/hippies-anti-war/Is This Plagiarism?
TAMU Student RulesPlagiarismThe appropriation ofanother persons ideas,processes, results, orwords without givingcredit to the source.From: http://www.tamu.edu/aggiehonor/Student%20Rules/definitions.html15
Plagiarism is…Copying and pasting from a source into your paperTurning in someone’s work as your ownUsing someone else’s ideas without giving creditMaking up sourcesResubmitting the same paper to different professorswithout permission16
The ConsequencesYou may not go to jail but . . .A zero for the assignmentAn “F” on your transcriptSuspension, dismissal, orexpulsion from the UniversityMandatory participation in anacademic integrity course17
How Do We Avoid Plagiarism?WeCite!18
Why Do We Cite?Give credit to the authorProtect intellectual propertyAllow readers to cross-reference sourcesAdd credibility toyour argumentHelp defend your research19
Common KnowledgeIt can be easily found in general reference sources.Ex: America’s independence day was July 4th, 1776.It includes generally known facts, such as the names ofleaders of prominent nations, basic scientific laws,famous historical events, or common observations.Ex: Barack Obama is the president of the United States.20
21NONOYESNOYESYESCite!Youprobablydon’t needto cite.1. Is this informationsomeone mightdisagree with?2. Would a generalaudience know thisinformation?3. Would youraudience know andaccept thisinformation?
Which of the following would beconsidered common knowledge?A. Smith’s study on brain development had600 participants, aged 5 to 10.B. Ke$ha is the best female pop singer today.C. The capital of Tennessee is Nashville.D. 9,073 people attended a Dave MatthewsBand Concert in 2006.22
The Big Three1. Summarizedinformation2. Paraphrasedinformation3. Directquotations24
SummarizingGives a broad overview of the materialFocuses on what the author is saying generallyOnly highlights the main argumentREMEMBER:Include a citation when summarizing!25
According to researchersat the University ofHerefordshire, illegaldownloading is morecommonplace amongteenagers than originallythought, with half of 14-to 24 year-olds sharingmusic (Sabbagh, 2006).Original Source Summary26Summarizing
ParaphrasingIs more detailed than a summaryRequires understanding of the work beingparaphrasedKeeps you from directly quoting too muchExplains someone else’s ideas in your own words27REMEMBER:Include a citation when paraphrasing!
Original SourceThe average digital musicplayer carries 1,770 songs,meaning that 48 percent ofthe collection is copiedillegally. The proportion ofillegally downloaded tracksrises to 61 percent among14- to 17-year-olds. Inaddition, 14 percent of CDs(one in seven)in a young personscollection are copied.ParaphraseResearchers foundthat, on average, 61%of teenagers’ musiclibrary was illegallydownloaded and one inseven CDs wereillegally copied(Sabbagh, 2006, p. 25).28Paraphrasing
Paraphrase ExerciseOriginal SourceChildhood lead poisoning has declined steadily since the 1970s,when cars stopped spewing leaded exhaust into the environmentand lead paint was formally banned. Yet 40 percent of thenation’s homes still contain lead paint from the first half of the20th century, and 25 percent still pose significant health hazards.Cowley, Geoffrey. 2003. “Getting the Lead Out.” Newsweek, February , 54-56.Paraphrase 1:Lead poisoning in children has been in decline since 1970because cars stopped using leaded gas, and lead paint was nolonger allowed; still, 40 percent of American homes still containlead, and 25 percent are still dangerous (Cowley, 2003, p. 55).Paraphrase 2:Although, according to Cowley (2003, p. 55), there has been adecline in lead poisoning in children since 1970, dangers remain.Even now, 25 percent of American homes contain enough lead tothreaten the health of their occupants.29
Direct QuotationsShould be used sparinglyAre always introduced by a “tag phrase” or smoothlyintegrated into your own sentenceShould include follow-up commentary to explain thequote, if necessary30REMEMBER:Include a citation when quoting!
Short QuotationsAs Easterly (2003) argues, “the goal of having thehigh-income people make some kind of transfer tovery poor people remains a worthy one, despite thedisappointments of the past” (p. 40).Despite the enduring controversy over both thepurpose and the efficacy of foreign aid, its “goal ofhaving the high-income people make some kind oftransfer to very poor people remains a worthy one”(Easterly, 2003, p. 40).31
Long QuotationsEasterly (2003) discusses one of the long-standing controversiesin U.S. foreign aid:If some of the flaws noted in this article can becorrected, the international aid agencies could evolveinto more effective and more accountable agencies, muchas national governments in the now-rich countriesgradually evolved from gangs of venal scoundrels tosomewhat more effective and accountable civil servants(with plenty of further evolution still desirable in bothcases!). In any case, improving quality of aid should comebefore increasing quantity. This step is difficult but notimpossible. (p. 40)32
Is this Plagiarism?33
Sample of Student WorkOriginalFrom its humble origins some30 years ago in New Yorksbombed-out, poverty-ravagedSouth Bronx, hip-hop hasrisen to become a dominantcultural force both here andabroad. Strictly defined, theterm refers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States.Strictly defined, the termrefers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre inthe United States.34
From its humble origins some30 years ago in New Yorksbombed-out, poverty-ravagedSouth Bronx, hip-hop hasrisen to become a dominantcultural force both here andabroad. Strictly defined, theterm refers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States.Piekarski (2004) believesthat hip-hop “refers to theentire cultural constellationthat accompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States”(p. 47).Though Piekarski makes animportant point, he fails toexplain what this cultureconsists of.35Original Sample of Student Work
From its humble origins some30 years ago in New Yorksbombed-out, poverty-ravagedSouth Bronx, hip-hop hasrisen to become a dominantcultural force both here andabroad. Strictly defined, theterm refers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States.Piekarski (2004, p. 47)argues that hip-hopencompasses more than justrap music; he argues insteadthat hip-hop is betterdefined by the culture thatsurrounds it.36Sample of Student WorkOriginal
Ask Yourself…Where did I find thisinformation?Who is the audience?Have I used the propercitation style?When in doubt…CITE!37
Strategies to Avoid PlagiarismWhen writing…38• READ and fully understand any text youwant to cite.• Take detailed, accurate notes. Labelwhether you’ve summarized, paraphrased,or quoted.• Write down all citation information whenyou first decide to use a source.• Color code your sources in the text.
Strategies to Avoid PlagiarismWhen the paper is finished…39• Read your paper aloud.• Double check yourparaphrasing/summarizing against thesources.• Make sure that every in-text citation has afull citation in your reference list.• Consider using a resource liketurnitin.com.
For More Help…Visit our website orcall us to schedulean appointment.We can help youfind answers toyour plagiarism andcitation questions.40
214 Evans Library | 205 West Campus Librarywritingcenter.tamu.edu | 979-458-1455We’ll help you find the writewords. U N I V E R S I T YJ X I G Z P O E N HB W D E T L Q I L RD R C K K K P P T RT I V R M X S T X JP T B C Z P B Y O UC I S K E W V J D AE N S I N N Q O G PE G I C J C T O B YP X E G K G V E F GB S R M C E V Q R MCheck us out on…