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  • Howdy. My name is __________, and I work at the University Writing Center. We are available to all TAMU students to help with any writing project. You can find out more about us by asking me, or by visiting our Web site at [If you have time, talk about the hours and locations of the UWC]
  • [Quickly congratulate again]So what did the modern-day artists have in common? They used old songs to create something new, and they had permission to do so. Now let’s listen to one last set of songs.In his song, Ray Charles is talking about how much he loves Georgia. He says, “Still in peaceful dreams I see, the road leads back to you.” He sees Georgia as a place where he finds peace and joy. In his song, however, Ludacris uses what Ray Charles says to start a conversation. “It's mean in the dirty south. If you ever disrespect it then we'll clean out your dirty mouth. You gotta be brave in the state of... Georgia.” He’s comparing the way Georgia was for Ray Charles to the way it is for him. He’s talking about how times have changed by reminding us of how Georgia was viewed by some (Ray Charles) in the 60’s and comparing that to the view he has now. So, again, he’s using Charles’ song to support his idea that things have changed. It’s not just dropped in because it sounds good or because they’re both talking about the same state. It’s there to create a comparison between the Georgia of the past and the Georgia of the present. So what did the modern-day artists have in common? They used old songs to create something new, and they had permission to do so. Now let’s listen to one last set of songs.
  • Vanilla Ice did NOT ask for permission to use Queen’s music, and there were legal repercussions. Plagiarism is a lot like this; granted, you probably won’t face a multi-million dollar lawsuit for missing a citation, but the academic consequences can still be pretty severe.Also, Vanilla Ice doesn’t use Queen’s music for any particular reason. It has nothing to do with his song. There is no conversation happening here. He just thought it sounded cool so he dropped in there just because.
  • Now we’ll have a little quiz. While researching data for your paper on hip-hop music sales, you find a chart that defends your main argument. You download the chart and add it to your paper without documenting the source. Is inserting this chart plagiarism?How many of you think it is?How many of you think it isn’t?Yes, it’s plagiarism! The chart was created by (and belongs to) someone else, so you’ve got to cite.
  • No—you cite the summary properly in text and in the bibliography.
  • And one more.While writing a research paper on the rhetoric of anti-war folk songs, you find an article that is perfect. Knowing that you shouldn't copy the article word-for-word in your paper, you instead exchange key words and rearrange sentences. You also included a complete citation with the page number and the source.Raise your hand if you think this is plagiarism.Raise your hand if you think it’s not.[If most people don’t raise their hands at all, make a joke, such as, “And raise your hand if you have no idea.”]Yes, it is plagiarism.Some students argue that this is not plagiarism—that it is an example of paraphrasing. However, failing to integrate the source into your text and ‘parroting’ the meaning while keeping most of the sentence structure and vocabulary of the original is considered ‘patch writing,’ and by many, plagiarism.
  • According to the TAMU Student Rules, plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas processes, results, or words without giving credit to the source. But what does that mean in a practical sense?
  • Points 1 and 2:Points 1 and 2 are relatively straightforward.If no one can reasonably disagree with your information, it’s probably a fact and would not need to be cited.If a general audience would already know this information, it would be considered common knowledge and would not need to be cited.For example:“Abraham Lincoln was the United States President during the Civil War.” **This is a fact that no one would disagree with, and a general U.S. audience would know this information. (It is not something that could be reasonably argued.) This would be considered common knowledge and would not need to be cited.“Abraham Lincoln was the most effective president in United States history.” **Many people would disagree with this information. It is an interpretation, rather than a fact. Unless this is an argument that you are constructing yourself, you must cite where you got it/who said it.Point 3:The third point is a bit more difficult because it applies to your audience specifically. 3. If this information is a generally accepted viewpoint or a well-known fact within your field of discourse, then it would be considered common knowledge *TO YOUR AUDIENCE* and would not need to be cited.
  • Note to presenter: Read the first passage aloud. Then read the next two paragraphs aloud and discuss which paragraph is a better paraphrase. The first paraphrase is weak because it is just a copy of the original with a couple of words/punctuation marks changed here and there. The second paraphrase is much stronger because it is a true paraphrase, written in the author’s own voice. Both paraphrased paragraphs have citations, but the first one might be considered plagiarism by teachers because it is not in the author’s own voice and is too close to the original.
  • Should be used sparingly when the author has said something particularly effectively, when you cannot say it any better, when you are referring to a eminent scholar who would give strong support to your argumentShould always have a tag/signal phrase to connect the quote to your writingExamples of tag words: acknowledges, agrees, argues, believes, claims, concedes, demonstrates, disagrees, emphasizes, insists, suggests, observes, proves, says [that]It’s important to introduce and explain your quotations because, in your essay, you are having a conversation with your reader. So, if I’m your reader and I’m reading your words, I know that you are telling me something and I’m processing it as I read. So it is very much like we are having a conversation. When you drop a quote out of the sky without any introduction or explanation, it feels like some new person just butted into our conversation without even saying who he is. He just popped his head in to blurt something out and I don’t know if he knows what you and I were talking about or if he’s a crazy person trying to tell me he found a map to Atlantis.
  • In this exercise, you all get to decide if the sample of a student’s work is plagiarism.
  • Now that you know what plagiarism is generally and about the 3 different things you need to cite, we wanted to provide some practical strategies to help you avoid it in your writing.While you are writing:Be sure you fully understand any text you want to cite. this makes sure that you can incorporate the source into your own writing, so you aren’t just putting a bunch of sources together randomly.Take detailed and accurate notes. Always label whether you’ve summarized, paraphrased, or directly quoted. a lot of plagiarism is unintentional and comes as a result of poor note-taking. Write down all necessary citation information when you first decide to use a source. that way you won’t have to go back and find your source, and you can avoid possibly giving incorrect information.Color code your sources in text. Thiswill help you determine how much of your paper is other people’s work vs. how much is your own synthesis/analysis. Remember that sources should back YOUR argument up; they should not comprise the entirety of your paper.
  • When you’ve finished a draft of your paper:Read your paper aloud. this will help you hear if a paraphrase sounds too close to the original (you can tell if it doesn’t “flow” or sound like your own voice)Check your paraphrasing and summary against the original documentsMake sure that every in-text citation has a corresponding full citation in your reference listUseask if your professor has a class account or come to the UWC to check. is not only a good resource to highlight potential plagiarism, but also to determine whether you’ve used your sources effectively in your writing.While they may be a good starting off point, don’t just trust the citation websites! Always double check.
  • For additional or more specific help with citing, make an appointment with us at
  • Like us on Facebook. Check out our video podcasts on YouTube and our audio podcasts on iTunes. Follow us on Twitter. Check out our Pinterest page. Check in with us on Four Square.

Plagiarism Plagiarism Presentation Transcript

  • At a loss for words?214 Evans Library | 205 West Campus | 979-458-1455
  • Avoiding Plagiarism2
  • Name that tune!3
  • Name that tune!4
  • The Artists“Diamonds are Forever”Shirley Bassey1971“Diamonds from Sierra Leone”Kanye
  • Name that tune!6
  • Name that tune!7
  • “Georgia on my Mind”Ray Charles1960“Georgia”Field Mob feat. Ludacris2005 Artists
  • Name that tune!9
  • Name that tune!10
  • “Under Pressure”Queen & David Bowie1981“Ice Ice Baby”Vanilla Ice1990 Artists
  • While researching for yourpaper on dance club musicsales, you find a chart thatsupports your mainargument. You downloadthe chart and add it to yourpaper withoutdocumenting the source.12,r:7,s:0,i:162iz-khalifa-hip-hop-rookie-of-the-year/Is This Plagiarism?
  • Is This Plagiarism?13You are writing a paperabout African Americanspirituals and rock nroll. When you find anarticle that supportsyour argument, yousummarize the article inyour own words and citeit in text and in thebibliography.
  • While researching therhetoric of anti-war folksongs, you find an article thatis perfect. To avoid copyingthe article word-for-word inyour paper, you insteadexchange key words andrearrange sentences. Youinclude a complete citationwith the page number andthe source.14 This Plagiarism?
  • TAMU Student RulesPlagiarismThe appropriation ofanother persons ideas,processes, results, orwords without givingcredit to the source.From:
  • Plagiarism is…Copying and pasting from a source into your paperTurning in someone’s work as your ownUsing someone else’s ideas without giving creditMaking up sourcesResubmitting the same paper to different professorswithout permission16
  • The ConsequencesYou may not go to jail but . . .A zero for the assignmentAn “F” on your transcriptSuspension, dismissal, orexpulsion from the UniversityMandatory participation in anacademic integrity course17
  • How Do We Avoid Plagiarism?WeCite!18
  • Why Do We Cite?Give credit to the authorProtect intellectual propertyAllow readers to cross-reference sourcesAdd credibility toyour argumentHelp defend your research19
  • Common KnowledgeIt can be easily found in general reference sources.Ex: America’s independence day was July 4th, 1776.It includes generally known facts, such as the names ofleaders of prominent nations, basic scientific laws,famous historical events, or common observations.Ex: Barack Obama is the president of the United States.20
  • 21NONOYESNOYESYESCite!Youprobablydon’t needto cite.1. Is this informationsomeone mightdisagree with?2. Would a generalaudience know thisinformation?3. Would youraudience know andaccept thisinformation?
  • Which of the following would beconsidered common knowledge?A. Smith’s study on brain development had600 participants, aged 5 to 10.B. Ke$ha is the best female pop singer today.C. The capital of Tennessee is Nashville.D. 9,073 people attended a Dave MatthewsBand Concert in 2006.22
  • Citing YourSources23
  • The Big Three1. Summarizedinformation2. Paraphrasedinformation3. Directquotations24
  • SummarizingGives a broad overview of the materialFocuses on what the author is saying generallyOnly highlights the main argumentREMEMBER:Include a citation when summarizing!25
  • According to researchersat the University ofHerefordshire, illegaldownloading is morecommonplace amongteenagers than originallythought, with half of 14-to 24 year-olds sharingmusic (Sabbagh, 2006).Original Source Summary26Summarizing
  • ParaphrasingIs more detailed than a summaryRequires understanding of the work beingparaphrasedKeeps you from directly quoting too muchExplains someone else’s ideas in your own words27REMEMBER:Include a citation when paraphrasing!
  • Original SourceThe average digital musicplayer carries 1,770 songs,meaning that 48 percent ofthe collection is copiedillegally. The proportion ofillegally downloaded tracksrises to 61 percent among14- to 17-year-olds. Inaddition, 14 percent of CDs(one in seven)in a young personscollection are copied.ParaphraseResearchers foundthat, on average, 61%of teenagers’ musiclibrary was illegallydownloaded and one inseven CDs wereillegally copied(Sabbagh, 2006, p. 25).28Paraphrasing
  • Paraphrase ExerciseOriginal SourceChildhood lead poisoning has declined steadily since the 1970s,when cars stopped spewing leaded exhaust into the environmentand lead paint was formally banned. Yet 40 percent of thenation’s homes still contain lead paint from the first half of the20th century, and 25 percent still pose significant health hazards.Cowley, Geoffrey. 2003. “Getting the Lead Out.” Newsweek, February , 54-56.Paraphrase 1:Lead poisoning in children has been in decline since 1970because cars stopped using leaded gas, and lead paint was nolonger allowed; still, 40 percent of American homes still containlead, and 25 percent are still dangerous (Cowley, 2003, p. 55).Paraphrase 2:Although, according to Cowley (2003, p. 55), there has been adecline in lead poisoning in children since 1970, dangers remain.Even now, 25 percent of American homes contain enough lead tothreaten the health of their occupants.29
  • Direct QuotationsShould be used sparinglyAre always introduced by a “tag phrase” or smoothlyintegrated into your own sentenceShould include follow-up commentary to explain thequote, if necessary30REMEMBER:Include a citation when quoting!
  • Short QuotationsAs Easterly (2003) argues, “the goal of having thehigh-income people make some kind of transfer tovery poor people remains a worthy one, despite thedisappointments of the past” (p. 40).Despite the enduring controversy over both thepurpose and the efficacy of foreign aid, its “goal ofhaving the high-income people make some kind oftransfer to very poor people remains a worthy one”(Easterly, 2003, p. 40).31
  • Long QuotationsEasterly (2003) discusses one of the long-standing controversiesin U.S. foreign aid:If some of the flaws noted in this article can becorrected, the international aid agencies could evolveinto more effective and more accountable agencies, muchas national governments in the now-rich countriesgradually evolved from gangs of venal scoundrels tosomewhat more effective and accountable civil servants(with plenty of further evolution still desirable in bothcases!). In any case, improving quality of aid should comebefore increasing quantity. This step is difficult but notimpossible. (p. 40)32
  • Is this Plagiarism?33
  • Sample of Student WorkOriginalFrom its humble origins some30 years ago in New Yorksbombed-out, poverty-ravagedSouth Bronx, hip-hop hasrisen to become a dominantcultural force both here andabroad. Strictly defined, theterm refers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States.Strictly defined, the termrefers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre inthe United States.34
  • From its humble origins some30 years ago in New Yorksbombed-out, poverty-ravagedSouth Bronx, hip-hop hasrisen to become a dominantcultural force both here andabroad. Strictly defined, theterm refers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States.Piekarski (2004) believesthat hip-hop “refers to theentire cultural constellationthat accompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States”(p. 47).Though Piekarski makes animportant point, he fails toexplain what this cultureconsists of.35Original Sample of Student Work
  • From its humble origins some30 years ago in New Yorksbombed-out, poverty-ravagedSouth Bronx, hip-hop hasrisen to become a dominantcultural force both here andabroad. Strictly defined, theterm refers to the entirecultural constellation thataccompanies rap music,which in 2001 surpassedcountry music as the mostpopular musical genre in theUnited States.Piekarski (2004, p. 47)argues that hip-hopencompasses more than justrap music; he argues insteadthat hip-hop is betterdefined by the culture thatsurrounds it.36Sample of Student WorkOriginal
  • Ask Yourself…Where did I find thisinformation?Who is the audience?Have I used the propercitation style?When in doubt…CITE!37
  • Strategies to Avoid PlagiarismWhen writing…38• READ and fully understand any text youwant to cite.• Take detailed, accurate notes. Labelwhether you’ve summarized, paraphrased,or quoted.• Write down all citation information whenyou first decide to use a source.• Color code your sources in the text.
  • Strategies to Avoid PlagiarismWhen the paper is finished…39• Read your paper aloud.• Double check yourparaphrasing/summarizing against thesources.• Make sure that every in-text citation has afull citation in your reference list.• Consider using a resource
  • For More Help…Visit our website orcall us to schedulean appointment.We can help youfind answers toyour plagiarism andcitation questions.40
  • 214 Evans Library | 205 West Campus | 979-458-1455We’ll help you find the writewords. U N I V E R S I T YJ X I G Z P O E N HB W D E T L Q I L RD R C K K K P P T RT I V R M X S T X JP T B C Z P B Y O UC I S K E W V J D AE N S I N N Q O G PE G I C J C T O B YP X E G K G V E F GB S R M C E V Q R MCheck us out on…