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  1. 1. MAJOR TOURIST ATTRACTION PLACES Northern historical circuit The core of most itineraries for first-time Bahir Dar. GONDAR. . AXUMNorthern historical circuit visitors to Ethiopia is the quartet of towns that comprise the northern historical circuit. The oldest of these is Aksum, birthplace of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, reputed last resting place of the Ark of the Covenant, and site of innumerable obelisks, catacombs, palaces and other structures dating to the peak of the Aksumite Empire (500 BC to 500 AD). Then there the small but spiritually infused highland town of Lalibela, where the eponymous king excavated a singularly sublime subterranean complex of rock-hewn Lalibela churches some 800 years ago. Gonder, founded in the 17th century, is best known for its Portuguese-influenced castles, though these are dwarfed aesthetically by the colorfully painted out-of-town church of Debre Birhan Selassie. Finally, the more modern city of Bahir Dar lies on Lake Tana at the outlet of the Blue Nile, within daytrip distance of the spectacular Blue Nile Falls and more than a dozen historic island monasteries. The northern circuit of Ethiopia is known by embracing the Ethiopian 3,000 years of history. This region also have a lot of attraction place ... most of them is mark there history by giving a lot 1contribution to the modern Ethiopia civilization with there building style , by the writing aspects , contributing the major religious approaches including the code of conduct and with a many classical books that are not found in other globe till now. The northern part of circuit is the one and only place that you can found the history it self is practice until now from the emerge of the great Axum civilization to the well known religious empire of Zagwe Dynasty up to the medieval period of the Gondar to the century that we live in ... TAG Tour and Travel | Home of the giants
  2. 2. Rock-hewn churches of Tigrai T IGRAY ROCK HEWN CHURCHES: over 125 rocks hewn churches are recorded with Tigray-alone. These churches date from 4th-15th century. Most of them are visited around the Gheralta chained mountains. Others are found in eastern and southern Tigray. Abreha-We- Atsbeha, Wukro Cherqos churches are hewn in the 4th century. Rock-hewn churches of Tigrai Rock-hewn churches of Tigrai More than 100 active churches are hand-carved into the sandstone cliffs and valleys of Tigrai, yet many remained unknown to outsiders until the 1960s, and still go weeks, even months, without seeing a foreign face. With limited time, the Teka Tesfai cluster, which includes the cliff church of Adi Kasho Medhane Alem, forms an easy diversion from the main road. But those with sufficient time, interest and stamina could dedicate a month to exploring these remarkable ABRAHA WATSBEHA mediaeval shrines, described by the British academic Ivy Pearce as the greatest of the historical-cultural heritages of the Ethiopian people. In this region embraced many of rock hewn church which is known by the community and the tourists which are… Tembein, site of about twenty rock- hewn churches. Gabriel Wukien, Abba Yohanni, Amanuel Mai-Baha, Mariam Hibito, Abba Selama and The wonderful church of Abreha WA Atsbeha is Mariam Itsewto are some examples… situated 15 kms. West of Wukro. A newly built gravel road leads to within a few meters of the Abba Yohanni, The monastery of Abba Yohanni is church and beyond to Hawzien via Degum. situated 7.5 Kms along the track that branches off The church is one of the best and largest of the 9Kms north of Abbi Addi on the newly built Abbi Addi- rock churches of Tigray, dedicated to the famous Adwa road and leads to the small town of Menji… kings of Axum, the brothers Abreha and Atsbeha. The church is cut into the red rock overlooking a valley, and stands out with its white painted TAG Tour and Travel | Home of the giants façade sheltering two tall blue doors under arches. The church is decorated with splendid post-17th century mural paintings depicting Biblical scenes and saints.
  3. 3. The fantastic limestone caves of Sof Omar make a days outing from Dinsho, Robe or Goba. The road leaves Robe town, crossing the farming areas to the east, before descending into the lowlands. Here the vegetation is very different being dry lowland with wooded grasslands. The caves lie at 1,300 m above sea level. This is in marked contrast to what you will experience in the Bale Mountains at up to 4,000 m. Very different animals occur along the way as well, most noticeably the Greater and Lesser Kudu - both relatives of the Mountain Nyala, and the tiny dik dik antelope. The caves themselves carry the whole flow of the Web River that rises in the Bale Mountains, underground through wonderfully carved caverns for a distance of one and a half kilometers. Sof Omar Sof Omar Inside, the cave is cool and dry. The Ayiew entrance is dimly lit, however deep There are over fifteen in the cave you pass through a maze of passages and rooms, which have beenkilometers of polished by the trickling and dripping green water to a marble-like smoothness.associated passages, In the darkness the river roars and foams through narrow crevices. Horseshoewhich require skill, bats and the African false vampire bats roost in moderate-sized groups in sometime and specialequipment for a full of the passageways. After about a mile of passage the river re-emerges at aexploration. However, place called “Holuca”, which simply means “it appears”. Sof Omar Cave hasa friendly local guide always been prominent in the life of the area and the local people have longwill show you enough to revered it as a shrine.take your breath awayand make the trip Whatever one’s religion, there is no doubt the quiet beauty and depths of theworthwhile, for an hour cave induce an atmosphere of awe and mystery. To the caver they are more ofor for as long as you a challenge than a place of to spend. A cooldip in the clear River The cave which is now an important Islamic Shrine wasafterwards refreshesyou for the return named after the saintly Sheikh Sof Omar who took refuge heredrive. Full details of many centuries ago… a history calculated in thousands ofthe caves are provided the booklet, "TheCaves of Sof Omar"obtainable from the TAG Tour and Travel | Home of the giantsEthiopian TourismCommission. Sof Omar