MAJOR TOURIST ATTRACTION PLACESDocument Transcript
MAJOR TOURIST ATTRACTION PLACES Ethiopia is one of the states which are found at the hornAfrica. These state embraced a 3,000 years history…includingthe African iconic relic (the cradle of man kind…Lucy), wellknown by the historical, the natural, the wildlife and thecultural tourism including the other tourism activities thatdoesn’t mansion here. This incredible and suitable country isalso got the 8 world heritage sites which offer a lot otherattraction that doesn’t known by the tourists or other peoplewho are not in the country. More over other side of the globeknow this country by the bad side of the images like famineand poverty, and they still tend to live with this mismatchinformation. To clarify and to tell you about the potentialtourist attraction place that we have in our country and thebenefit that you will get from these tourist attraction placesby visiting or get connected or involved to these industries letsee the major attraction places that we have on our country. L alibela Lalibela, a medieval settlement in the Lasta area of Wello, lies at the centre of an extensive complex of rock churches. Lalibela has 11 remarkable rock‐hewn monolithic, semi‐monolithic and cave built churches, built by one of the Zagwe Dynasty rulers, King Lalibela in the late 12th and earlyRoha the W onderful 13th century. These notable structures are carved, inside and out, out of one solid rock, and are the Unofficial eighth wonders of the world. Each building is architecturally unique but each reflects beautifully executed craftsmanship, and several are decorated with fascinating paintings. Four are completely free‐standing, attached only to the surrounding rock by their bases. These are Beta Medhane Alem, the House of the Savior of the World; Beta Ghenetta Mariam, the House of Mary; Beta Ammanuel, the House of Emanuel; and Beta Ghiorghis, the House of St George. Although their individual dimensions and configurations are extremely different, the churches are all built from great blocks of stone, sculptured to resemble normal buildings and wholly isolated within deep courtyards. They represent, as one authority has put it, the ultimate in rock‐church design. One is amazed at the technical skill, the material resources and the continuity of effort. Which such vast undertakings imply. 1 [TAG Tour and Travel]…Travel in style
“Find a town that begins with the Word ‘go’. When you find GONDARit, you will proclaim it the capital of your kingdom. AfterGojam, Gouzara and Gorgora, came Gondar. The Royal City of Gondar was founded by the Ethiopian Negus Fasilides in the 17th century. Several of his successors built their palaces In the same court, forming a complex of rare Beauty. The site was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1979. Not far away, The ruins of a more ancient castle left in solitude have another story to tell. Gondar is 50 kilometers The Camelot of AfricaGondar north of Lake Tana, 700 kilometers north of Addis Ababa and nestles in the foothills of the Semien mountains at an altitude of 2200 meters above sea level. Gondar, founded by King Fusillades in 1936 was the capital of The King with the protrude Tongue Ethiopia for nearly 200 years. This fact is reflected by the number of palace buildings in the castle compound. GONDAR The city’s main imperial precinct, known as the Royal Enclosure, covers an area of 7.7 hectares and Contains five castles raised walkways and connecting tunnels surrounded by high stone walls. The oldest of these is the Castle of Fasiledes, built of stone in the mid‐ 17th century, reflecting a number of influences, mainly Axumite, Portuguese and Indian. The upper storey offers panoramic views and Lake Tana is visible on a clear day. 2 [TAG Tour and Travel]…Travel in style
The Intangible Treasures of Lake Tana Three parks planted with giant steal, a labyrinth of royal tombs, AXUM vestiges of the Queen of Sheba’s palace, an “Ethiopian Rosetta Stone”, the Ark of the Covenant containing the Ten Axum is an ancient town in northern Ethiopia. It lies at an Commandments… an incredible treasure, poised between myth and elevation of about 2100 meters history is hidden in Aksum, where the heart of ancient Ethiopia of Adwa in Tigrai just west still beats. region. Once the seat of the kingdom of Axum, it is now The Home of the a tourist town and religious centre best known for its antiquities tall granite obelisks, 126 in all, stand (or lie broken) in the central square. Once AKSUM measuring 33 meters, now fallen, is said to be the tallest obelisk ever erected. The The Queen of Sheba, mysterious as ever obelisks range from nearly plain slabs to intricately inscribed pillars. Door and window‐like Shapes are carved into some of the pillars, giving them the appearance of slender buildings. The most recent of How did the Ark of the Covenant end up in Aksum? the obelisks announces the Adoption of Christianity in the Well, it was brought from Jerusalem by Menelik, 4th century by king Ezana. AtThe word first king of Ethiopia, son of a king of Israel and least 27 carved stone thronesAksum is a Queen Makeda. Some say he was the born to King have been unearthed in theDerivation of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. About 30 overgrown ruins of the ancientthe word Kush, centuries palace.a Hebrew Ago he founded the Solomonic dynasty, of which theword, which, last Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selassie, (1892‐1974) THE ARK OF THE COVENANTin turn, means Claimed to descend. “According to tradition,Ethiopia. Menelik hid the Ark of the Covenant in his mother’s Palace, which is about three kilometers from the centre of Aksum. Bahir Dar The country could be subject to fire and sword, but no The Camelot invader ever troubled the serene peace of Lake Tana. For that reason, the Ethiopian kings safely hid their treasures in churches on the lake’s islands. But upon careful observation, another treasure is revealed as one discovers 3 [TAG Tour and Travel]…Travel in style the mural paintings in these churches: they can be read like a book of Ethiopian history.
Debre Damo At dawn, coming up to Dek, the largest of the 30‐odd islands and islets scattered on Lake Tana. Bahir Dar, capital of the Amhara Region, forms A crescent on much of its bank, opposite of which are strewn the ruins of royal palaces. The majority of Lake Tana’s churches were built between the 14th and 18th centuries, following the same architectural plan. The three When images speak instead of circles represent the Holy Trinity. In Ethiopian iconography, it is always words Represented by three identical old Men “because you cannot differentiate Between the Father, the Son and modern small town on the south eastern Bahir Dar is a The Holy Spirit, in shore of Lake of Lake the north of Ethiopia. It hosts the the churches Tana in Tana, the lower register of theNile falls, the beautiful highland Lake Tana fabled Blue sanctuary wall is devotedthto Ethiopian and 14 ‐century island monastic churches. It lies on a history. Important altitude ofin the meters and has a very nice center with moments 1850 lives of local kings and saints lanes, surrounded by palm trees, lots of gardens and wide are portrayed In successive images, telling the and plant. From Bahir Dar you have to tropical flowers People what they cannot read inof the ancient monasteries that have been explore some the Many Ethiopian manuscripts written Tana or on the many islands in the lake. built around Lake On parchment, as these were generallydotted all over the lake and 30 ofDebre Damo There are 37 islands Written in Gu’ez language. The Damo is unique and unforgettable although,churchesmost monasteries of great cultural them house as with and Ethiopian in the 14th century Language died out and historical interest. They contain monasteries, women are not allowed to enter it. Even so, there is a beautiful And today it is used only in liturgy. daunting obstacle to the monastery: the only means ofof worshipaand crosses dating back to Manuscripts, objects access is climb of twenty‐five meters up a sheer cliff. Monks lower a safety rope which visitors Stephanos, the dawn of Christianity. These include Dek tie around their waists. Then they use a good collection of icons,climb with.the remains of with a second, thicker rope to as well as Some may reflect, as they make their way to the top, that because of this (closed to several medieval emperors, Kebran Gabriel arduous, dangerous ascent the art treasures of Ura Kidane Mehretremainedfamous frescoes. women), and Debra Damo have with its intact through the monastery‐s 1,400 tumultuous years of history. The treasures include an extensive collection of illuminated manuscripts ‐ among them the oldest surviving fragments of texts anywhere in Ethiopia ‐ and intricate carvings on the beams and ceiling of the ancient church around which the monastery is built. There are no murals as such, but a large number of paintings are preserved there including several that depict the legend of the foundation of Debra Damo by Abuna Aragawi. He is a Saint who is believed to have been lifted onto the cliff top by a giant serpent. According to the, the Archangel Gabriel stood by with a sword ready to slay the snake if it attacked Abuna Aragawi. It did not, however, and wrapped in 4 [TAG Tour and Travel]…Travel in style safely, dropping his cross on a stone, its coils the Saint reached the top which is today kissed by all who enter the monastery.
Foot steps of generations 24‐metre cliff to cover the story of the of th hermits 6 century Debre Damo Monastery, one of the oldest and most important ones in Ethiopia…5 [TAG Tour and Travel]…Travel in style