Historical eicha presentation by Akiva Marder and Oren Strich

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  • 1. Akiva Marder Ft. Oren Strich
  • 2. Tragedies of Personal Relations: (1,1)- “The city was great with people” “She has become like a widow” Political Relations: (1,1)- “greatest amongst nations, a princess amongst provinces” “Has become a tributary”  (1,8): “All who once respected her, disparage for they have seen her disgrace” Religious Relation: (1,4): people would come on the shalosh regalim “the roads of Zion are mourning for lack of festival Pilgrims and all her gates are desolate”
  • 3. Women and Children Suffering after (1,4): “Her maidens are afflicted” (2, 20): “women eat their own fruit, their new born babes!” (5,11) “Women are ravished in Zion, and virgins in the cities of Judah” (1,5): “Children go into captivity before the enemy” (2,19): “For the life of your infants, who faint for hunger at every street corner” (4, 4): “Little children beg for bread; none give them morsel” (5,13) “they took the young men to grind and boys stumble under the wood”
  • 4. Jewish Leaders Suffering after (1,4): “Her Priests sigh” (2,2): “He (Hashem) profaned the kingdom and its leaders” (2,6): “He has spurned kings and priests” (2,9): “Her kings and her leaders are in exile, instruction is no more; her prophets too receive no vision from the Lord” (5,12) “Princes are hanged up by their hand; the faces of elders are not honored” (5,14) “The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their music”
  • 5. Enemies Reacting to our Suffering (3, 60-63): “You have seen all their malice, all their designs against me; You have heard, O Lord, their taunts, all their designs against me, the mouthings and pratings of my adversaries, against me all day along. See how, at their ease or at work, I am the butt of their gibes” (4, 14-15): “They wandered blindly through the streets, defiled with blood, so that no one was able to touch their garments. „Away! Unclean!‟ people shouted at them. „Away! Away! Touch not!‟ So they wandered and wandered again‟ For the nations had resolved: „They shall stay here no longer.‟”
  • 6. as a Valid Source of History Generally, the Megillah is not a credible historical source b/c the perspective in prakim 1-4 is from someone in the moment of tragedy and struggling and as a result somewhat slanted to the oppressed However, Perek 5 can perhaps be valid as it presents a detached approach (“zichor” implies more of a nostalgic approach of the community) and therefore has already coped with the issues Perek 5, however, is still not necessarily so reliable b/c it is from a Jewish, subjective perspective even if its reflective. It still, to some degree, reflects our mourning and evoking of sympathy as opposed to simply stating the facts