Unit 4Media Audiences and Products Task 2 Looking at ‘reality TV’
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ ‘Reality TV’ is a TV GENRE• What do we mean by the word Genre?• How do we recognise the ‘reality TV’ genre?
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’What do we mean by the word Genre?Genre is a word which describes how we can group types of media product together because they are similar e.g. horror and action
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ Example: Film GenresHorror: Prometheus +mirrorsComedy: The Hangover + the inbetweeners movieSuperhero: Spiderman + batman
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ Can you list some TV Genres?• Soap Opera Emmerdale , Coronation street• Sitcom The Big Bang Theory, Friends• Reality TV Big Brother, Im a Celebrity• Documentary wildlife, history• Drama Downtown Abbey, Mrs Biggs
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How Do We Recognise Genres?All genres have conventions. Conventions are notset rules, but a set of practices that have provedsuccessful and become establishedGenres are recognised by their conventions, whichthe audience recognise through regular contactand repetition.
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How Do We Recognise Genres?Audiences become familiar with codes andconventions of particular genresAudiences develop certain expectations ofparticular genres, which they expect to see andenjoy seeing
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A GenreWe can look for certain elements which are repeated: C L I N T S
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A GenreWe can look for certain elements which are repeated: CHARACTERS (e.g. ‘the bitch’ in a teen movie)
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A Genre We can look for certain elements which are repeated: C LOCATION(e.g. sitcoms often set in a house or workplace)
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A GenreWe can look for certain elements which are repeated: C L ICONOGRAPHY (props and costumes, etc.)
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A Genre We can look for certain elements which are repeated: C L I NARRATIVE(Romcoms have a split up and then a happy ending?)
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A Genre We can look for certain elements which are repeated: C L I N THEMES(e.g. Soap operas often look at how families work)
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A Genre We can look for certain elements which are repeated: C L I N T STYLE(Pop videos have fast cutting and hand held camera
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ How To Recognise A Genre We can look for certain elements which are repeated:CHARACTERLOCATIONSICONOGRAPHYNARRATIVETHEMESSTYLE
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ What Is Reality TV?“Reality TV is used to describe awide range of programmes thatare based on real lives and real life situations and events” (From TV Studies Casey et al 2002)
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ Can You list some examples of ‘Reality TV’ shows?• X factor• Im a celebrity• Big brother• The voice UK• Britains got talent
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ The REALITY TV GENREThis genre is called a HYBRID because it takessome of the conventions from a range ofdifferent genres: • Game Shows • Fly on the Wall Documentary • Soap Opera • Talent Show • Etc.
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’Reality TV: A Case Study X Factor
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ X Factor: Background• The X Factor is a reality TV talent show for aspiring pop singers who compete for a record contract• Finals have attracted 20 million viewers• The format was created by Simon Cowell and the UK series is produced by his company, Syco TV for ITV• The format is now successful in many different countries and Cowell has launched a US version
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ X Factor: Background• In the sixth series the programme was expanded from just a Saturday night programme by adding a Sunday night results show, increasing the viewing hours• The programmes include auditions and live shows with pop star guest appearances• There are ‘spin off’ shows on ITV’s digital channels such as ITV2’s Xtra Factor
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ X Factor: Background• The UK version is responsible for the launch of Leona Lewis, Alexandra Burke and JLS• It has also turned new judge Cheryl Cole into a major star• Her appointment coincided with the highest rated series in the shows history, averaging more than 10 million viewers and improving its audience among advertiser friendly young viewers.
Friday night dinner• In Friday night dinner we would expect to see the same family having dinner on Friday night, we expect the characters in the program to be funny and entertaining.• Adam Goodman• We expect him to be the one who has to do all the dirty work and get into trouble and to be one of the funnier characters.• Jackie Goodman• We expect her to be one of the more fiery characters but also funny at times. Setting clothing• At the Goodmans house . Normal cloths that you would• the park near a river. Were around the house e.g.• The corner shops. Shirts, jeans, vests, coats when out and about dresses, skirts.
X factor• Lucy spraggon She comes across as a bubbly, down to earth, character and when shetakes to the stage and sings the song she wrote herself, a lot of herpersonality came but the lyrics were also funny and the audience could easilyrelate to them, then again she was also able to control the audience and wasalso she was dresses casually. Had lots of expression when singing and reallyperformed the song well, she was quite over welled by the audiencesreaction. The camera was mainly on Lucy and the audience they have alsoused close ups because they want to show the emotions and to make usempathise with the character.Afterwords Lucy was very emotional and started cry with excitementThe judgesThe was a lot surprise normally the judges would know if they are going to getanything decent or but with Lucy they didn’t know what to expect
X factor• Lucy spraggon• Following her second audition Lucy was at an all time low. The build up to her third audition, It is a bit of a gloomy story, that tugs on the heart strings. There are a lot of close ups as well. Lucy had a lack of confidence In herself. Her third audition she reverts back to her old style which the judges and the audience actually prefer and although she is a down to earth character, the stage show is very professional.
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’ Im a celebrityAnt and Dec come across as funny, confident and also entertaining to theaudience. When on live TV they are very professional and don’t panic forexample when Dec trips over on live TV. They laugh it off instead of making abig deal out of it. This shows their experience because they have beenpresenting live TV shows for many years now.Most of the contestants that appear on the show are ex celebrities.Based in the jungle that isolates the celebrates From shops and hotels andfamily/friends .Ant and Dec also appear in smart clothes wheres the celebrities are in
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’http://www.youtube.com/user/thexf actoruk?feature=results_main
Task 2: Looking at ‘reality TV’• Before (first audition )• The use a lot of emotional music to go with the preface after they have sung• They use images of when they were younger• The audience are involved a lot in the auditions e.g. if they have done well they will cheer but they be very poor they will boo . They can also be used if the judge tells the audience to do something .• Ella Henderson is a very emotional character when she takes to the stage and when she performed she sang one of her own songs that she had written.• She is only 16 but looks a lot older• A simple performance with just her on stage . Afterwords• Six weeks into the live shows and Ella Henderson is more confident and crys less• She has gone from wearing normal casual cloths to wearing better more stylish smarter cloths and made her more glamorous.• They try to take her away from her own style by making her sing up-tempo songs and tried to make her dance but the judges gave negative comments this could have been to create conflict and interest around Ella• She then went back to sing songs to the style she is comfortable with.• They have flashing lights ,screens with effects, dances and also backing singers .
The Judges• Before• In the beginning the judges dress smart but casual.• The two female judges always have a different hair style.• we see their different personalities of all the judges and the different style of act they like.• They work together as a team to find the best acts• Afterwards• They dress more glamorous with dresses and suits .• They are all a lot more serious because they have there own category and they want their acts to win.• On the live shows there is a lot more conflict and arguing between them.• The judges auguring http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NN4KCrIqjms• We see in this video the judges auguring and disagreeing over who should go through and who shouldn’t and they all have big egos therefore are to proud and wont back down because they want to keep the acts that they like to stay in the competition.• This would keep views watching the program because the more judges there are h• The flash back whats gone on before hand behind the scenes.
The Xtra Factor/Spin of Shows• The Xtra Factor• It lets the public in on all the back stage gossip it lets them debate on all the contestants• Spin off shows – wider audience http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qso9qQJj5DE&playnext=1&list=PL856F31E7FCC3BC02&f eature=results_video• Results shows include, established music artists performing this makes sure that there is a large audience the second night. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vlTEaHXRgf4• They have there own twitter, Facebook and even there own YouTube page this also to not only get you evolved in the debate but also to keep you interested in the program .• They uses the media to keep you watching the program because the constantly build up the profiles of the contestants through the newspapers and also on bbc/granada news when the start to mention the x factor.
How they build up tensionThey build up tension by delaying results, opinions and keeping the audience waitingEven know people hate the program they keep watching just to criticize it and now thejudges are as dramatic as the acts them selves people in fact even more dramatic thenthe acts. So people are watching the show just to see the judges moaning andgroaning and falling out. that is why I hate the show.
Ofcom Regulations• Ofcom keep track of complaints received from TV programs then they will step in and sort out the complaints received to them.One of the complaints I have found is about an incident found from the realtyTV program x factor. There were 35 complaints from the performance of a 51year old mother called Alison Brunton .Who was sing lady gaga , because theteenage boy and girl back stage were shown really embarrassed and anxiousand x factor Presenter Dermot OLeary told them: "You want to be anywhereelse but here right now." this was criticized because this could cause bullingtowards them at their school.http://www.whatsontv.co.uk/reality/the-x-factor/news/ofcom-investigate-x-factor-teen-impact-complaints/17693