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20091122 Sw Group04






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    20091122 Sw Group04 20091122 Sw Group04 Presentation Transcript

    • Global warming effects on water management
    • What is Global Warming? The principle of global warming is that the average tempreture of planet Earth is increasing.
    • … In Political Point of View
    • Political agreements about global warming
      • Make something about it.
      • Create global agreements.
    • The Kyoto Protocol
    • Main Goals of the Kyoto Protocol
      • Reduce the emission levels, generally in the developed countries.
      • Making emission trading
      possible and increase the amount of carbon sinks (forests).
    • Kyoto Protocol Participation
      • As of year 2009, 184 states signed the protocol.
      • The USA got high emission levels, but didn’t sign.
      • We need a new protocol written before year 2012.
    • Signed and ratified Signed, ratification pending Signed, ratifictaion declined No position
    • The Copenhagen Meeting
      • Meeting in Copenhagen year 2009.
      • The UNFCCC and danish government want to create a new protocol.
      • Renew the protocol,
      make USA a part of it
    • Political Issues
      • Unfair share of the majority of global warming problems.
      • Exposed countries will suffer first.
      • It is fair to expect the developed to develop slowly and at a low emission level rate since we’re not?
    • … In Economical Point of View
    • Drought
      • Will cause poor harvest, less labor, food and transport goods.
      • Water availibility will
      be low, causing high costs.
    • Flood
      • Inundation will also destroy the harvest on agricultural land.
      • The indunation will also cause problems for transport of other important trades.
    • Costs
      • Developing countries will be first to suffer from the effects. They will also be the ones suffering the most.
      • According to IPPC:s* repots 2001, developing countries BNP will reduce with 5% every year.
      • The effecs of global warming will cost 20% or more of the worlds BNP. Today the damage from the effects costs 85 dollars a day but computations shows that we can reduce the sum to 25 dollars a day.
      • By reducing the emissions we will make money.
      • *IPPC- ”Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control”
      (samordnade åtgärden för att förebygga och begränsa föroreningar).
    • … In Geographical Point of View
    • Effects of Global Warming
      • Arctic ice, glaciers and mountain snows are rapidly melting.
      • Coral reefs suffers from bleaching or death by stress.
      • There will be an upsurge in the amount of weather events.
      • There will be no more fresh water in the, e.g., Asian mountains/rivers.
      • The chance that an ice age will come to Scandinavia is greatly increased.
      • The sea level will increase.
      • Polar bears will very soon be exterminated.
    • Disadvantages with the Increasing Sea Level
      • Global warming causes a loss of inhabitant land.
    • … In Social Point of View
    • Flooding
      • The global warming is causing extreme raining that causes severe floods in the world.
      • Scientists say that there will be even more severe floods in the future if the global warming continues.
      • These type of floods does not only cause homelessness, but does also wash away crops and leaving people starving.
      • The floods does also effect the wildlife, when the flood water rises the wildlife has nowhere to retreat too.
      • The animals that do survive has a hard time finding food to survive.
    • Droughts
      • The global warming effects in the world have caused droughts to become severe.
      • Intense sandstorms have begun to accur in the world.
      • The droughts are making it difficult for some people to grow crops.
      • The sandstorms are gaining intensity and occuing more frequently.
    • Landslides
      • After an area experiences extreme droughts it becomes volnerable for intense rain.
      • As the drougts and raining intensifiy the severity of landslides increases.
      • Landslides can
      eliminate populations of animals and humans.
    • Malaria
      • Because of the malaria many people in malaria areas have moved up in the mountains.
      • When the heat increases the musquitos are able to move higher up in the mountains.
      • Because of this more and
      more people are getting infected with malaria .
    • Thanks for taking your time
    • The End By: Richard, William, Nora, Kajsa, Olof, August and Emil