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DBQ Tips and Hints

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  • This presentation has helped me write my first DBQ for my first AP class. The tips and hints make me feel more confident in my paper and I feel a lot better about it especially since some of the way to incorporate things in my paper were clarified thanks to this slide share.
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Transcript

  • 1. How to do The DBQ
  • 2.
    • DBQ stands for “document based question”.
    •  
    • The DBQ is an essay question that requires you interpret primary source documents. There are typically nine documents in a DBQ.
    •  
    • These documents will include many if not all of the following:
    •  
    • Newspaper articles
    • Editorials
    • Letters
    • Diaries
    • Speeches
    • Legislation
    • Political cartoons
    • Charts
    • Graphs
  • 3. Time Frame
    • All of the documents will pertain to one certain subject.
    •  
    • The one hour long DBQ is administered after the multiple choice section of the AP Exam.
    •  
    • You will have 15 minutes to look at the documents and 45 minutes to write the essay.
  • 4. Is there a right way to answer?
    • No! DBQ’s are worded in such a way that you can argue a number of different positions. Typically the questions are historiographical.
    •  
    • Historiographical: a topic that historians have been debating for a number of years.
    • Students will be evaluated on their ability to interpret such factors as purpose, source, bias, date and place of origin, tone, etc.
  • 5. Do not give the reader a reason to stop and question something that you have written.
  • 6. Outside Information
    • You need to be able to incorporate your own knowledge, outside of what is presented in the documents, to support your answer.
    • Some students make the mistake of throwing everything they know into the essay whether it pertains to the topic or not.
  • 7. 4-6 sentences The Introductory Paragraph
    • Establish TIME & PLACE .
    • Create a clear, THESIS STATEMENT . [underline or highlight it!]
    • Allude to the SUB-TOPICS or categories you will discuss to support your thesis statement
    • Focus on the question at hand.
  • 8. 8-12 sentences+ per paragraph The Paragraphs
    • Identify your sub-topic or category in the first sentence.
    • Include the documents that are relevant to support the ideas in the paragraph.
    • Use most of the documents given.
    • Bring in supportive outside information.
    • This is critical !!
    • 5. Why were these documents selected?
  • 9.
    • Attribution  Who is this person?
    • Why might they be significant?
    • What is the point of view (POV) of the author?
    • How reliable and accurate is the source?
    • What is the tone or intent of the document author?
    • What other information does this document call to mind? Use all available clues.
    Questions to Ask Yourself About the Documents
  • 10.
    • Thomas Paine, in his pamphlet, Common Sense , said: “………………….”
    • Joe Smith, a mid-Western delegate to the Republican convention in 1912 , agreed with…..
    • The 19 c historian, Frederick Jackson Turner , felt that …………………. (Doc. E)
    NEVER begin with: In Document 3, … How to Reference a Document in Your Essay
  • 11. 3-4 sentences The Concluding Paragraph
    • Start with a “concluding phrase.”
    • Restate your thesis statement a bit differently .
    • Put your essay answer in a larger historical perspective.
  • 12.
    • End of some trend/movement/idea, etc.
    • Beginning of some trend/movement/idea
    • End of one & beginning of another.
    • Do NOT end on the note that this is the reason we are where we are today!
    The Concluding” Paragraph
  • 13.
    • ¶ 1  sub-topic title
      • Information from a document
      • Information from another document
      • Some outside information
      • Different info. from the same document
    • ¶ 2  sub-topic title
      • Information from a document
      • Some outside information
      • Some outside information
      • Information from another document
    Outline Format