DBQ Tips and Hints


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  • This presentation has helped me write my first DBQ for my first AP class. The tips and hints make me feel more confident in my paper and I feel a lot better about it especially since some of the way to incorporate things in my paper were clarified thanks to this slide share.
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DBQ Tips and Hints

  1. 1. How to do The DBQ
  2. 2. <ul><li>DBQ stands for “document based question”. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The DBQ is an essay question that requires you interpret primary source documents. There are typically nine documents in a DBQ. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>These documents will include many if not all of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper articles </li></ul><ul><li>Editorials </li></ul><ul><li>Letters </li></ul><ul><li>Diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Speeches </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Political cartoons </li></ul><ul><li>Charts </li></ul><ul><li>Graphs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Time Frame <ul><li>All of the documents will pertain to one certain subject. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The one hour long DBQ is administered after the multiple choice section of the AP Exam. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>You will have 15 minutes to look at the documents and 45 minutes to write the essay. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Is there a right way to answer? <ul><li>No! DBQ’s are worded in such a way that you can argue a number of different positions. Typically the questions are historiographical. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Historiographical: a topic that historians have been debating for a number of years. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will be evaluated on their ability to interpret such factors as purpose, source, bias, date and place of origin, tone, etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Do not give the reader a reason to stop and question something that you have written.
  6. 6. Outside Information <ul><li>You need to be able to incorporate your own knowledge, outside of what is presented in the documents, to support your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Some students make the mistake of throwing everything they know into the essay whether it pertains to the topic or not. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4-6 sentences The Introductory Paragraph <ul><li>Establish TIME & PLACE . </li></ul><ul><li>Create a clear, THESIS STATEMENT . [underline or highlight it!] </li></ul><ul><li>Allude to the SUB-TOPICS or categories you will discuss to support your thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the question at hand. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 8-12 sentences+ per paragraph The Paragraphs <ul><li>Identify your sub-topic or category in the first sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Include the documents that are relevant to support the ideas in the paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Use most of the documents given. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring in supportive outside information. </li></ul><ul><li>This is critical !! </li></ul><ul><li>5. Why were these documents selected? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Attribution  Who is this person? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might they be significant? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the point of view (POV) of the author? </li></ul><ul><li>How reliable and accurate is the source? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the tone or intent of the document author? </li></ul><ul><li>What other information does this document call to mind? Use all available clues. </li></ul>Questions to Ask Yourself About the Documents
  10. 10. <ul><li>Thomas Paine, in his pamphlet, Common Sense , said: “………………….” </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Smith, a mid-Western delegate to the Republican convention in 1912 , agreed with….. </li></ul><ul><li>The 19 c historian, Frederick Jackson Turner , felt that …………………. (Doc. E) </li></ul>NEVER begin with: In Document 3, … How to Reference a Document in Your Essay
  11. 11. 3-4 sentences The Concluding Paragraph <ul><li>Start with a “concluding phrase.” </li></ul><ul><li>Restate your thesis statement a bit differently . </li></ul><ul><li>Put your essay answer in a larger historical perspective. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>End of some trend/movement/idea, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of some trend/movement/idea </li></ul><ul><li>End of one & beginning of another. </li></ul><ul><li>Do NOT end on the note that this is the reason we are where we are today! </li></ul>The Concluding” Paragraph
  13. 13. <ul><li>¶ 1  sub-topic title </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information from a document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information from another document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some outside information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different info. from the same document </li></ul></ul><ul><li>¶ 2  sub-topic title </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information from a document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some outside information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some outside information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information from another document </li></ul></ul>Outline Format