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Michel Martin

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  • 1. Industrial Symbiosis on the Island of Händelö Michael Martin Environmental Technology and Management Linköping University
  • 2. Overview• Händelö• Industrial Symbiosis (Händelö-Norrköping)• Bioenergy Complex• Are there benefits?• What if it was a fossil system?• It can be better!• Future Work 2 2
  • 3. Händelö 3 3
  • 4. Industrial Symbiosis on HändelöExchanges of: – Industrial By-products – Agricultural By-products – Waste (?) – Energy – Fuels – WaterMany companies 4 4
  • 5. Industrial Symbiosis (Norrköping-Händelö) Vehicle gas Norrköpings sludge Colmec kommun Graphic cardboard Packaging IL tyres Vehiclegas District heating Hh-waste Recycling Biogas reject Göran Årsjö sludge Däckstommar newspaper rubber ashes sludge Seed cake biofuel Holmen E.ON Econova Biodiesel Fibre sludge Paper waste production? newspaper steam Paper, glueglycerin Cleanaway Tidnings- PET Svensk Retur Agroetanol Biogas stillage PET-bottles Rosti- biofertilizer Wood chips wheat Returpack primpac Agriculture Forestry Wood chips
  • 6. Clusters Norrköping PET & Paper Forest/Paper Recycling Heat and Power 6 6 Bioenergy
  • 7. What’s unique about Händelö? BIOENERGY Let’s take a look…
  • 8. E.ON, 2011
  • 9. 25 times moreScenario 3 biogas than default! 11 Svensk Biogas, 2011
  • 10. Svensk Biogas, 2011
  • 11. Wood Chips E.ON E.ON AgroetanolAgroetanol Norrköping Ethanol Svensk Fertilizer Biogas Biogas 13
  • 12. Bioenergy on Händelö• 210 Million Liters of Ethanol/year – For low blending in Sweden (5% ethanol in gasoline)• 500,000 Nm3 Biomethane• 27,000 Tonnes Waste from Norrköping• Heat and Electricity to NorrköpingWorld leading grain based ethanol producer 14
  • 13. Again…So what is unique about Händelö?
  • 14. Renewable Energy System• CHP-Based on Renewable Fuel• Heat and Electricity come from burning forest industry wastes and municipal wastesOther important aspects for system:• Electricity from Swedish average system• Biogas system receives “hot” product• Cereals primarily from region 16
  • 15. Leads to many benefits…
  • 16. Integrated Case: Ethanol andBiogas• Changes and effects to the system based on one by-product exchange• Impacts from increasing by-product exchange• Learn about modeling industrial symbiosis and quantifying benefits 18
  • 17. Existing Scenario 19
  • 18. Default Scenario 20
  • 19. CO2 Emissions (Tonnes/year) 65 500 CO2-eq Emissions (Tonnes) 65 000 64 500 64 000 63 500 63 000 62 500 62 000 61 500 61 000 Default Existing 21
  • 20. Not only CO2!
  • 21. Resource ConsumptionCereal inputs (kg) 169 500 000,00 169 000 000,00 168 500 000,00Inputs of Cereals (kg) 168 000 000,00 167 500 000,00 167 000 000,00 166 500 000,00 166 000 000,00 165 500 000,00 Default Scenario Existing Scenario 23
  • 22. Energy System is Important!
  • 23. What if there were a differentenergy system? Coal Electricity or Natural Heat Gas 25
  • 24. Electricity 40,00% 35,00% Increase in CO2-eq emissions (%) 30,00% 25,00% 20,00% 15,00% 10,00% 5,00% 0,00% Coal Natural Gas 26
  • 25. Process Heat Increase in CO2-eq emissions (%) 120,00% 100,00% 80,00% 60,00% 40,00% 20,00% 0,00% Coal Natural Gas 27
  • 26. Industrial Symbiosis & Biofuels
  • 27. IS & Biofuels• Introduction of Bioenergy Systems = Beneficial• Many material and by-product exchanges possible• Biogas can be added to systems easily to upgrade wastes/by-products• Biofuel efficiency (energy & materials) can be optimized by integration• NO SUCH THING AS WASTES! 29
  • 28. It can be better!
  • 29. More synergies/exchanges• Replace fossil fuels with biofuels• Pipelines-Reduced Transport• Process optimization• Increase type and amount substrates• Introduce a biodiesel plant… 31
  • 30. Future Applications of Research• What happens both economically and environmentally?• How can “benefits” and “impacts” be quantified using the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) guidelines?• What implications does the RED have for industrial symbiosis?• How can introduing biogas to the system upgrade/upcycle materials and wastes? 33
  • 31. Thank Youmichael.martin@liu.se

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