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Industrial Symbiosis on the    Island of Händelö          Michael Martin Environmental Technology and Management          ...
Overview•   Händelö•   Industrial Symbiosis (Händelö-Norrköping)•   Bioenergy Complex•   Are there benefits?•   What if it...
Händelö          3   3
Industrial Symbiosis on HändelöExchanges of:  –   Industrial By-products  –   Agricultural By-products  –   Waste (?)  –  ...
Industrial Symbiosis (Norrköping-Händelö)          Vehicle gas                                                 Norrköpings...
Clusters                 Norrköping PET & Paper                  Forest/Paper Recycling                  Heat and Power   ...
What’s unique about    Händelö?     BIOENERGY     Let’s take a look…
E.ON, 2011
25 times moreScenario 3   biogas than default!                                     11                        Svensk Biogas...
Svensk Biogas, 2011
Wood Chips                          E.ON                          E.ON  AgroetanolAgroetanol                              ...
Bioenergy on Händelö• 210 Million Liters of Ethanol/year   – For low blending in Sweden (5% ethanol in gasoline)• 500,000 ...
Again…So what is unique about      Händelö?
Renewable Energy System• CHP-Based on Renewable Fuel• Heat and Electricity come from burning forest  industry wastes and m...
Leads to many benefits…
Integrated Case: Ethanol andBiogas• Changes and effects to the system based on one  by-product exchange• Impacts from incr...
Existing Scenario                    19
Default Scenario                   20
CO2 Emissions (Tonnes/year)                             65 500 CO2-eq Emissions (Tonnes)                             65 00...
Not only CO2!
Resource ConsumptionCereal inputs (kg)                         169 500 000,00                         169 000 000,00      ...
Energy System is Important!
What if there were a differentenergy system?  Coal                       Electricity   or Natural                         ...
Electricity                                    40,00%                                    35,00% Increase in CO2-eq emissio...
Process Heat Increase in CO2-eq emissions (%)   120,00%                                    100,00%                        ...
Industrial Symbiosis         &      Biofuels
IS & Biofuels• Introduction of Bioenergy Systems = Beneficial• Many material and by-product exchanges  possible• Biogas ca...
It can be better!
More synergies/exchanges•   Replace fossil fuels with biofuels•   Pipelines-Reduced Transport•   Process optimization•   I...
Future Applications of Research• What happens both economically and  environmentally?• How can “benefits” and “impacts” be...
Thank Youmichael.martin@liu.se
Michel Martin
Michel Martin
Michel Martin
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Michel Martin

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Transcript of "Michel Martin"

  1. 1. Industrial Symbiosis on the Island of Händelö Michael Martin Environmental Technology and Management Linköping University
  2. 2. Overview• Händelö• Industrial Symbiosis (Händelö-Norrköping)• Bioenergy Complex• Are there benefits?• What if it was a fossil system?• It can be better!• Future Work 2 2
  3. 3. Händelö 3 3
  4. 4. Industrial Symbiosis on HändelöExchanges of: – Industrial By-products – Agricultural By-products – Waste (?) – Energy – Fuels – WaterMany companies 4 4
  5. 5. Industrial Symbiosis (Norrköping-Händelö) Vehicle gas Norrköpings sludge Colmec kommun Graphic cardboard Packaging IL tyres Vehiclegas District heating Hh-waste Recycling Biogas reject Göran Årsjö sludge Däckstommar newspaper rubber ashes sludge Seed cake biofuel Holmen E.ON Econova Biodiesel Fibre sludge Paper waste production? newspaper steam Paper, glueglycerin Cleanaway Tidnings- PET Svensk Retur Agroetanol Biogas stillage PET-bottles Rosti- biofertilizer Wood chips wheat Returpack primpac Agriculture Forestry Wood chips
  6. 6. Clusters Norrköping PET & Paper Forest/Paper Recycling Heat and Power 6 6 Bioenergy
  7. 7. What’s unique about Händelö? BIOENERGY Let’s take a look…
  8. 8. E.ON, 2011
  9. 9. 25 times moreScenario 3 biogas than default! 11 Svensk Biogas, 2011
  10. 10. Svensk Biogas, 2011
  11. 11. Wood Chips E.ON E.ON AgroetanolAgroetanol Norrköping Ethanol Svensk Fertilizer Biogas Biogas 13
  12. 12. Bioenergy on Händelö• 210 Million Liters of Ethanol/year – For low blending in Sweden (5% ethanol in gasoline)• 500,000 Nm3 Biomethane• 27,000 Tonnes Waste from Norrköping• Heat and Electricity to NorrköpingWorld leading grain based ethanol producer 14
  13. 13. Again…So what is unique about Händelö?
  14. 14. Renewable Energy System• CHP-Based on Renewable Fuel• Heat and Electricity come from burning forest industry wastes and municipal wastesOther important aspects for system:• Electricity from Swedish average system• Biogas system receives “hot” product• Cereals primarily from region 16
  15. 15. Leads to many benefits…
  16. 16. Integrated Case: Ethanol andBiogas• Changes and effects to the system based on one by-product exchange• Impacts from increasing by-product exchange• Learn about modeling industrial symbiosis and quantifying benefits 18
  17. 17. Existing Scenario 19
  18. 18. Default Scenario 20
  19. 19. CO2 Emissions (Tonnes/year) 65 500 CO2-eq Emissions (Tonnes) 65 000 64 500 64 000 63 500 63 000 62 500 62 000 61 500 61 000 Default Existing 21
  20. 20. Not only CO2!
  21. 21. Resource ConsumptionCereal inputs (kg) 169 500 000,00 169 000 000,00 168 500 000,00Inputs of Cereals (kg) 168 000 000,00 167 500 000,00 167 000 000,00 166 500 000,00 166 000 000,00 165 500 000,00 Default Scenario Existing Scenario 23
  22. 22. Energy System is Important!
  23. 23. What if there were a differentenergy system? Coal Electricity or Natural Heat Gas 25
  24. 24. Electricity 40,00% 35,00% Increase in CO2-eq emissions (%) 30,00% 25,00% 20,00% 15,00% 10,00% 5,00% 0,00% Coal Natural Gas 26
  25. 25. Process Heat Increase in CO2-eq emissions (%) 120,00% 100,00% 80,00% 60,00% 40,00% 20,00% 0,00% Coal Natural Gas 27
  26. 26. Industrial Symbiosis & Biofuels
  27. 27. IS & Biofuels• Introduction of Bioenergy Systems = Beneficial• Many material and by-product exchanges possible• Biogas can be added to systems easily to upgrade wastes/by-products• Biofuel efficiency (energy & materials) can be optimized by integration• NO SUCH THING AS WASTES! 29
  28. 28. It can be better!
  29. 29. More synergies/exchanges• Replace fossil fuels with biofuels• Pipelines-Reduced Transport• Process optimization• Increase type and amount substrates• Introduce a biodiesel plant… 31
  30. 30. Future Applications of Research• What happens both economically and environmentally?• How can “benefits” and “impacts” be quantified using the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) guidelines?• What implications does the RED have for industrial symbiosis?• How can introduing biogas to the system upgrade/upcycle materials and wastes? 33
  31. 31. Thank Youmichael.martin@liu.se
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