Mobile learning powerpoint


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Mobile Learning

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Mobile learning powerpoint

  1. 1. By Sylvia Suh
  2. 2.           Introduction Importance of Mobile Learning Definition Uses of Mobile Technology Mobile Learning in High School Biology Mobile Collaborative Learning Literature Review (Concerns and Trends) Mobile Learning Frameworks Conclusion References 2
  3. 3.    Learning should be based on ones natural interest and motivation to learn which should be supported in the classroom (McDevitt and Ormrod, 2013). Piaget (1959) supported active learning through the construction of ones own knowledge. Vygotsky (1978) put emphasis on the role of social interaction in learning. 3
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  5. 5.     "Our students have changed radically. Today's students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach" (Prensky, 2001). Phones, computers and other media devices can now fit our pockets with the ability to connect us to a variety of information sources and enable communication nearly everywhere we go” (Naismith, Sharples, and Lonsdale, 2004, p. 2). It comes as no surprise that people would look for ways to integrate mobile computing into e-learning to make courses more accessible and portable (Corbeil & ValdesCorbeil, 2007). Younger and older students especially from grades 5-12 are not interested in biology. Educators should focus ways to improve their interest using mobile learning devices to engage them to learn (Prokop et al., 2007) .  Collaboration using mobile technology was rated by IBM c-suite studies (2012) in their latest global CEO study as the number one trait CEO’s are seeking in new employees.  Technology is moving at a faster pace than research, as such mobile learning research is still in the relatively early stages (Chen & Denoyelles, 2013) 5
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  7. 7.  Mobile Learning is any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed predetermined location,- learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies (O’Malley et al., 2003).  Mobile learning should be restricted to learning on devices which a lady can carry in her handbag or a gentleman can carry in his pocket (Keegan, 2005).  The exploitation of ubiquitous handheld hardware, wireless networking and mobile telephony to enhance and extend the reach of teaching and learning (MoLeNet, 2007).  Learning which requires the use mobile devices which are personal (PDAs/palmtops/handhelds, smartphones), easy to use and which people can carry everywhere with them (Taxler, 2009).  Caballe, Xhafa, and Barolli (2010) considered mobile learning as the next phase of online learning with the exception of it being on a mobile device.  My definition? 7
  8. 8. Use mobile technology in the classroom for Literature Review Devices, software applications, websites Finding information Peters (2010) studied the use of cellphones in finding information is “just in time, just enough, and just for me” in the classroom. Cellphones, tablets QR codes Cellphones, tablets and idevices Walsh (2010) investigated the use of QR codes in finding information in the library Providing Feedback Kinash, Shelly, Kordyban and Hives (2012), Mendez and Slisko (2013) used Socrative to get feedback from students. Crossgrove, K., & Curran, K. L. (2008) used clickers in biology courses to get student opinion, learning, and long-term retention of course material Cellphones, laptops and tablets Learn new things Prokop et al (2007) used mobile devices to engage students to learn biology ipads Take notes Fletcher, J. D., Tobias, S., & Wisher, R. A. (2007) use for blogging and communication. Evernote, Google docs, Zoho, Flickr, phone cameras Read Fletcher, J. D., Tobias, S., & Wisher, R. A. (2007) using blogs Kindle cloud device, smartphones, idevices, (iBook’s) Calculate Baya'a, N. N., & W., D. (2009). Learning Mathematics in an Authentic Mobile Environment smartphones, tablets Communicate Kukulska-Hulme, A., & Traxler, J. (Eds.). (2005) Classparrot, SMS, smartphones Planners Collaboration Corlett, D., Sharples, M., Bull, S., & Chan, T. (2005). Cortez et al. (2004) used a mobile computer to support collaborative learning. Grosseck (2009) study Google calendar Edmodo, Google docs, Zoho, slideshare Create things Animoto, Voicethread, moviemaker) 8
  9. 9. Prensky (2005) suggested that mobile devices can support learning processes such as listening, observing, imitating, questioning, reflecting, trying, estimating, predi cting, speculating, and practicing. 9
  10. 10.     According to Rau, Gao, and Wu (2008) two factors impact high school student learning: Motivation, Pressure. Stark (2012) investigated the use of Apps for touch-pad devices for learning cell biology in high school. Results showed that the use of the devices hold promise for guiding and supporting learning. Annetta, Minogue, Holmes, & Cheng (2009) used games to teach genetics. Participants’ level of engagement while interracting with the game increased. Some studies focused on the use of mobile devices in the Laboratory ( Penn State University) 10
  11. 11. Mostly educators have raised concerns about mobile learning. Most of the research addressed concerns and provided solutions or suggestions. Concerns  Georgiev, T., Georgieva, E., & Smrikarov, A. (2004) reviewed that cellphones had low memory capacity and low data transfer rates, and tablets and notebook computers were expensive.  Celano and Neuman (2010) reported that children from low income homes in K-12 learning environments did not have access to mobile technology or have a hard time accessing it.  Lenhart, A. (2011) suggest that mobile devices are a distraction in the classroom and should be banned.  Small screen sizes, Internet access, heavy weight, short battery life, content and software application limitations, including a lack of built-in functions, the difficulty of adding applications, challenges in learning how to work with a mobile device, and differences between applications and circumstances of use, network speed and reliability (Kukulska-Hulme (2007) 11
  12. 12. Trending now  Results of the 2013 Project Tomorrow statistics proved otherwise as close to 80% of students owned some form of mobile technology in spite of their economic background.  A recent study by Chen & Denoyelles (2013) found out that tablets were the most popular devices used for academic purposes and that most students owned smartphone that had the ability to access academic resources.  (Nielsen, L., & Webb, W. (2011) suggested educator took this as an opportunity to find out what students interests and their world. Katy High School in Texas are implementing the BYOD project to enhance use of mobile devices in their classroom to foster engagement and collaboration.  Many schools are implementing mobile learning like BYOD, researchers are looking for mobile learning opportunities in informal classroom environments. 12
  13. 13.     Vygotsky (1978) observed that students can perform at higher intellectual levels when they worked in collaborative conditions especially in K-12 learning environments. Crook (2000) suggested that working with other people, given the right conditions, was in itself motivating. Cortez et al., (2004) found that MCSCL system provided a highly motivating learning environment that changed classroom dynamics and promoted collaboration between students. Grosseck (2009) suggested that microblogging using learning using systems like Twitter,, Tumblr, Pownce, Jaiku and Edmodo enhanced collaboration. 13
  14. 14. The FRAME Model (Koole, 2009) Image from 9 The TPACK Framework, by Matthew Koehler and Mishra (2011) Image from 14 ng-the-tpack-image/, rights free
  15. 15.    Mobile learning typically occurs outside the classroom, with only limited guidance from instructors (Chen and Denoyelles, 2013). To improve mobile learning effectiveness, students and instructors need help adopting more effective learning and teaching practices across content areas in my case biology – students are taught digital citizenship and teachers get professional development(Kolb,2011). Curriculum first, then mobile technology 15
  16. 16.  Annetta, L. A., Minogue, J., Holmes, S. Y., & Cheng, M. T. (2009). Investigating the impact of video games on high school students’ engagement and learning about genetics. Computers & Education, 53(1), 74-85.  Caballé, S., Xhafa, F., & Barolli, L. (2010). Using mobile devices to support online collaborative learning. Mobile Information Systems, 6(1), 27-47. doi:10.3233/MIS-2010-0091  Chen, B. & Denoyelles, A (2013). Exploring students' mobile learning practices in higher education. EDUCAUSE review.  Cortez, C., Nussbaum, M., Santelices, R., Rodríguez, P., Zurita, G., Correa, M., & Cautivo, R. (2004). Teaching science with mobile computer supported collaborative learning (MCSCL). In Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education, 2004. Proceedings. The 2nd IEEE International Workshop on (pp. 67-74). IEEE.  Grosseck, G. (2009). Using microblogging for collaborative learning. Proc. the New Technology Platforms for Learning–Revisited, Budapest, Hungary, 71-80. 16
  17. 17.  Keegan, D. (2005, October). The incorporation of mobile learning into mainstream education and training. In World Conference on Mobile Learning, Cape Town.  Learning and Skills Network (2007). MoLeNET Projects, from MoLeNET Web site:, retrieved on Nove mber 26, 2013.  McDevitt, T. M and Ormrod (2013). Child Development and Education. Fifth Edition, Pearson Education Inc.  Messinger, J. (2011). m-learning: an exploration of the attitudes and perceptions of high school students versus teachers regarding the current and future use of mobile devices for learning. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University.  O'Malley, C., Vavoula, G., Glew, J. P., Taylor, J., Sharples, M., Lefrere, P., ... & Waycott, J. (2005). Guidelines for learning/teaching/tutoring in a  mobile environment. Prensky, M. (2004). What can you learn from a cell phone? – almost anything! Journal of Online Education. Retrieved March 9th, 2013 from  Sharples, M., Taylor, J., & Vavoula, G. (2005). Towards a theory of mobile learning. Proceedings of mLearn 2005, 1(1), 1-9.  Rau, P. L. P., Gao, Q., & Wu, L. M. (2008). Using mobile communication technology in high school education: Motivation, pressure, and learning performance. Computers & Education, 50(1), 1-22.  Traxler, J. (2009). The evolution of mobile learning. The evolution of mobile teaching and learning, 1-14.  Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.  Among others 17
  18. 18. Thank You Add QR Code of slideshare 18
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