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Timberjack Energy Technology

 Racolta del legno per energia: Lavori in Corso
 Biella Conference, 28 Settembre 2001



 FO...
Speaker’s Profile

• Master of Mechanical Engineering
  Postgraduate studies in Innovation & Technology
  management

• 2 ...
Presentation Plan
 Timberjack Forestry Group
       Overview
       Product Range
 FORENERGY project
       Partners
     ...
Timberjack Forestry Group




28-09-2001/ SMa
The Forest Machine Manufacturer
        •    Focused on forestry
        •    High value products
        •    Globally wi...
Overview
World´s leading forest machine
manufacturer
• World wide market share nearly 30%
• Turnover > $500M
• 2000 Employ...
A global player

      Asia-Pacific 4%                    Other
      South                              <1%
      America...
Industry’s Widest Product Range




    Harvesters        Forwarders   Log Loaders




  Feller Bunchers      Skidders
   ...
TMC & Timberjack3000 systems




   28-09-2001/ SMa
Environmental Logging Solutions

                     •   Promote forest regeneration
                     •   Reduce grou...
Shaping the future of mechanized logging

   • Continuous commitment and
     investments in R&D
   • Reliability, product...
FORENERGY project




28-09-2001/ SMa
Forest Biomass, Green Energy?
     •      100% renewable energy
     •      Simple way to store the solar energy
     •   ...
FORENERGY at a glance
• This project aims at developing some systems for
  large-scale collection of forest residual
• It ...
Partners
AFOCEL, Forestry technical institute / France
ARCS, Austrian research center - Environment division / Austria
CEM...
Vision of the team
Once the logistics of the material chain will be
optimised, power plants will be very efficient
and cle...
Objectives
to conduct high level research on the development of renewable
and clean bio-energy technology

to model, devel...
Work division
• The co-ordinator, Timberjack, will develop methods and
  machinery for collecting and handling the materia...
Total Optimization




28-09-2001/ SMa
Milestones and expected results
  a new method of collecting the small wood and
  thinning residuals from forestry operati...
Energy-wood harvest
   from present to future




28-09-2001/ SMa
Where we are today


                  Small woods & thinnings




                     Logging residuals



28-09-2001/ S...
Small wood & thinnings




28-09-2001/ SMa
720 Multifunction Collector Head




   28-09-2001/ SMa
Timberjack 720 benefits
• Patented accumulation principle (up to 5/10 trees)
• Tree cutting and handling standing vertical...
Logging residuals




28-09-2001/ SMa
Logging,
1st step of Bundling Technology
• While working, the harvester
accumulates the slash on piles
(faster to feed int...
Bundling Process
• The bundling machine will produce “slash logs” that are
  > 3m long and about 0,6-0,8m in diameter.
   ...
Bundles Extraction
   by a Standard Forwarder




28-09-2001/ SMa
Saw Logs and Bundles




28-09-2001/ SMa
Bundles Stacked at Landing




28-09-2001/ SMa
On-Road Transportation


                  2.90




                         2.40




28-09-2001/ SMa
Bundles at the Plant
Crushing or chipping of bundles is done at the
power plant, where the “green” chips are often
       ...
Bundle Benefits
• Extracted with standard forwarder
• Transported with standard on-road trucks
• Each bundle = 1-1.2 MW of...
Timberjack 2001 Energy Bundler




  Working for Pietarsaari Power Station in Finland,
  World’s Largest Biomass Power Pla...
Aerial View of the Alholmen Biomass Power
   Plant in Pietarsaari, Finland (P = 550 MWth)




                            ...
Annual Production and Consumptions
    of Pietarsaari Power Plant
                                      Fuel ca 3 500 GWh
...
Bundle Collection at Pietarsaari

            > 100.000 Bundles at the Plant




  28-09-2001/ SMa
Bundle Unloading in Pietarsaari




   28-09-2001/ SMa
Scenarios for tomorrow
Northern Europe:           Southern Europe:
• big CHP plants like      • small and medium
   Pietar...
Different needs,
                different solutions
• The main idea is to develop some general
  concepts that we can dup...
Conclusions
• The whole chain working at the moment for UPM-
  Kymmene in Pietarsaari is very satisfying
  (7 to 9 €/MWh)....
The future is green!




28-09-2001/ SMa
Any questions or comments ?




Thank you for your attention!
 28-09-2001/ SMa
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Forenergy Project_Sylvain Martin_Biella conference

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Transcript of "Forenergy Project_Sylvain Martin_Biella conference"

  1. 1. Timberjack Energy Technology Racolta del legno per energia: Lavori in Corso Biella Conference, 28 Settembre 2001 FORENERGY: il futuro della raccolta del FORENERGY legname per uso energetico Sylvain Martin, Project Coordinator, Timberjack 28-09-2001/ SMa
  2. 2. Speaker’s Profile • Master of Mechanical Engineering Postgraduate studies in Innovation & Technology management • 2 years experience at Plustech Oy, advanced R&D center for Timberjack • Coordinator of EU project FORENERGY 28-09-2001/ SMa
  3. 3. Presentation Plan Timberjack Forestry Group Overview Product Range FORENERGY project Partners Forest Biomass, Green Energy ? Objectives Milestones and expected results Energy-wood harvest, from present to future Where we are today Scenarios for tomorrow Conclusions 28-09-2001/ SMa
  4. 4. Timberjack Forestry Group 28-09-2001/ SMa
  5. 5. The Forest Machine Manufacturer • Focused on forestry • High value products • Globally widest product offering • Local distribution • Comprehensive services, training 28-09-2001/ SMa
  6. 6. Overview World´s leading forest machine manufacturer • World wide market share nearly 30% • Turnover > $500M • 2000 Employees • Part of John Deere Construction and Forestry Division since April last 2000 • Production: Finland, Sweden, Canada, USA • Own retail company in 13 countries 28-09-2001/ SMa
  7. 7. A global player Asia-Pacific 4% Other South <1% America 2% North Europe, America Russia and 39% Africa 55% Net sales by market area 1999 28-09-2001/ SMa
  8. 8. Industry’s Widest Product Range Harvesters Forwarders Log Loaders Feller Bunchers Skidders 28-09-2001/ SMa
  9. 9. TMC & Timberjack3000 systems 28-09-2001/ SMa
  10. 10. Environmental Logging Solutions • Promote forest regeneration • Reduce ground impact • Minimize pollution • Improve wood quality • Focus on operator training • ISO 14001 compliance 28-09-2001/ SMa
  11. 11. Shaping the future of mechanized logging • Continuous commitment and investments in R&D • Reliability, productivity and environmental goals • Further development of existing products • Long term projects • Partnership with leading component suppliers 28-09-2001/ SMa
  12. 12. FORENERGY project 28-09-2001/ SMa
  13. 13. Forest Biomass, Green Energy? • 100% renewable energy • Simple way to store the solar energy • Neutral CO2 balance • Local energy source • Employment potential in rural areas • “Crisis free” energy • Cleaner landscape and faster reforestation after cleaning the site • Answer to energy peak consumption 28-09-2001/ SMa
  14. 14. FORENERGY at a glance • This project aims at developing some systems for large-scale collection of forest residual • It is a demonstration project • Officially started the 1st of May 2001, it will last 3 years • 7 research partners are involved • The total budget of the project is 4.9 M€ • The EU commission will finance 35% of this budget (i.e. 1.72 M€) 28-09-2001/ SMa
  15. 15. Partners AFOCEL, Forestry technical institute / France ARCS, Austrian research center - Environment division / Austria CEMAGREF, National Agricultural & Forestry research center / France IRL, National research center - Florence division / Italy UPM-Kymmene, Valkeakoski paper mill / Finland Shotton Paper & Caledonian Paper, paper mills / UK 28-09-2001/ SMa
  16. 16. Vision of the team Once the logistics of the material chain will be optimised, power plants will be very efficient and clean, especially when designed to use only wood as their fuel. fuel It will also be possible to use the existing methods in harnessing energy-wood plantations that will thereby become more productive. productive We believe that these are the key elements to take bio-energy production to a competitive level for the first time ever. 28-09-2001/ SMa
  17. 17. Objectives to conduct high level research on the development of renewable and clean bio-energy technology to model, develop and optimise the complete energy chain from the forest to the consumers to develop an energy system producing fuel for the power plant at a competitive price (<8 EURO/Mwh at the plant) to develop an energy system that is neutral concerning the CO2 emissions and which keeps other emissions on a lower level than what the regulations require to develop machinery and equipment to serve these purposes to conduct tests to demonstrate the applicability in several European countries 28-09-2001/ SMa
  18. 18. Work division • The co-ordinator, Timberjack, will develop methods and machinery for collecting and handling the material. • UPM-Kymmene as an end-user will test the developed technology at their plants. • Shotton Paper and Caledonian Paper company will use and modify this technology for the UK plants. • Research involving methods, economics, logistics and emissions will be conducted by the partners in Austria, (ARCS), France, (CEMAGREF and AFOCEL) and Italy (IRL). • CEMAGREF will contribute to collecting equipment design and IRL will study the possibilities of adapting this technology to the Southern European conditions. ARCS will make a “LCA”, Life cycle assessment on the components of the chain. 28-09-2001/ SMa
  19. 19. Total Optimization 28-09-2001/ SMa
  20. 20. Milestones and expected results a new method of collecting the small wood and thinning residuals from forestry operations a new method of collecting the “normal” logging residuals left from commercial fellings fuel price at the power plant < 8 EURO/MWh neutral CO2 and nutrient balance together with minimised combustion emissions at least one working energy chain realised on the practical level at full industrial scale 28-09-2001/ SMa
  21. 21. Energy-wood harvest from present to future 28-09-2001/ SMa
  22. 22. Where we are today Small woods & thinnings Logging residuals 28-09-2001/ SMa
  23. 23. Small wood & thinnings 28-09-2001/ SMa
  24. 24. 720 Multifunction Collector Head 28-09-2001/ SMa
  25. 25. Timberjack 720 benefits • Patented accumulation principle (up to 5/10 trees) • Tree cutting and handling standing vertical • Crane movements reduced to a minimum • Purpose designed knife (high degree of utilization) • Leveling cylinder & tilt function • Control system providing automatic functions for easy and efficient operation Mains dimensions Width with open grapples 830 mm Width with closed grapples 600 mm Total height 890 mm Weight without attachment 340 kg 28-09-2001/ SMa
  26. 26. Logging residuals 28-09-2001/ SMa
  27. 27. Logging, 1st step of Bundling Technology • While working, the harvester accumulates the slash on piles (faster to feed into bundling machine) • Normally, the goal is to get slash from 2-3 trees on a pile • Piles are made by the strip roads and machines should not drive over the slash! • Collecting slash is normally made only on fertile spruce clear cut sites 28-09-2001/ SMa
  28. 28. Bundling Process • The bundling machine will produce “slash logs” that are > 3m long and about 0,6-0,8m in diameter. diameter • Bundles are wrapped with strings in every 40 cm. A bundling machine produces about 20-30 bundles per hour each weighting avg. 0,4-0.7 tons. tons 28-09-2001/ SMa
  29. 29. Bundles Extraction by a Standard Forwarder 28-09-2001/ SMa
  30. 30. Saw Logs and Bundles 28-09-2001/ SMa
  31. 31. Bundles Stacked at Landing 28-09-2001/ SMa
  32. 32. On-Road Transportation 2.90 2.40 28-09-2001/ SMa
  33. 33. Bundles at the Plant Crushing or chipping of bundles is done at the power plant, where the “green” chips are often plant mixed with other energy material like bark, sawdust and peat. 28-09-2001/ SMa
  34. 34. Bundle Benefits • Extracted with standard forwarder • Transported with standard on-road trucks • Each bundle = 1-1.2 MW of energy (equals 80-100 L of oil) • Handled like other assortments (pulp wood, saw logs…) • Easy to stock at roadside or at terminal • Do not start to compost as easily as loose slash pile • Not so sensitive to moisture (covering not required) • Wind dried during storage time 28-09-2001/ SMa
  35. 35. Timberjack 2001 Energy Bundler Working for Pietarsaari Power Station in Finland, World’s Largest Biomass Power Plant, P = 550 MWth 28-09-2001/ SMa
  36. 36. Aerial View of the Alholmen Biomass Power Plant in Pietarsaari, Finland (P = 550 MWth) Commercial operation 28-09-2001/ SMa starting 10.2001
  37. 37. Annual Production and Consumptions of Pietarsaari Power Plant Fuel ca 3 500 GWh Peat 45 % Max. fuel consumption 700 GWh 800 - 1000 m3/h Oy heat Alholmens Kraft Bark Ab 1 300 GWh and electricity Wood waste 45 % Furnace section = 8.5*24*40 m Heavy fuel oil and coal Bundle needs = 300 000 / year 10 % 28-09-2001/ SMa
  38. 38. Bundle Collection at Pietarsaari > 100.000 Bundles at the Plant 28-09-2001/ SMa
  39. 39. Bundle Unloading in Pietarsaari 28-09-2001/ SMa
  40. 40. Scenarios for tomorrow Northern Europe: Southern Europe: • big CHP plants like • small and medium Pietarsaari CHP plants • industrial networks • municipal networks connected for steam mainly connected for & electricity heating • municipal networks connected for heating > economy of scale & > local needs & superior logistics flexibility 28-09-2001/ SMa
  41. 41. Different needs, different solutions • The main idea is to develop some general concepts that we can duplicate and adapt to very local conditions • It means that a lot of parameters have to be considered during the design phase of the product platforms • Thanks to our very extended network of partners (FORENERGY, other projects and local dealers), we should be able to come up with optimal solutions: economic, productive and environmental friendly! 28-09-2001/ SMa
  42. 42. Conclusions • The whole chain working at the moment for UPM- Kymmene in Pietarsaari is very satisfying (7 to 9 €/MWh). It consumes less than 3% of the MWh total quantity of energy produced. • Timberjack energy technology (720 & Fiberpac) has shown itself very well adapted for Scandinavian conditions. Our goal is now to adapt it to southern europe conditions taking into account all of its very particular characteristics (France, Italy, Spain, Austria, Germany, Eastern Countries…) 28-09-2001/ SMa
  43. 43. The future is green! 28-09-2001/ SMa
  44. 44. Any questions or comments ? Thank you for your attention! 28-09-2001/ SMa
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