Free and open source software in pakistan the role of pasticPresentation Transcript
Free & Open SourceMovement and LibrariesFree & Open Source Softwarein Pakistan: The Role ofPASTICBySyed Habib Akhter JaffriSenior LibrarianPASTIC National CenterIslamabadPakistan Scientific & Technological Information Centre The Information Provider
Free Software• Free software movement was launched in1983.• In 1998, a splinter group of this movementadvocated that the term “free” softwareshould be replaced by “open source”software.• Problem with “Free” was that it implied “ZeroCost” and not the intended meaning“Freedom”.• CDS/ISIS or WINISIS A FREE SOFTWARE
What is Open Source Software• First of all let us see what is:• Software?• Source?• Open?
History• IBM and others sold the first large-scalecommercial computers 1960some software which was free (libre),• situation changed after the``unbundling of IBM software, and inmid-1970s• current open source softwaremovement: late 1970s and early 1980s,Two different groups were establishing
Cont………………………• GNU Project: General Public License (GPL),Richard Stallman• CSRG: Computer Science Research Group1991-1992: software development ingeneral, was ready to change.• 1993: both GNU/Linux and 386BSDCoining “Open Source
Why Libraries Should UseOpen Source Software?Zero Cost– It is mostly available free of cost.– User support groups which are helpful andresponsive to users.Freedom– It can be used without any restriction.– Users can modify the source code and customisethem to suit their requirements– Even redistribute it.
Blake Carver’s modification ofRanganathans Laws for software:• Software is for use.• Every computer its users.• Every reader his source code• Save the time of the user.• A system is a growing organism.
Head Office: Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, IslamabadSub Centres: Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Peshawar, Quetta, MuzaffarabadPAKISTAN SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGICALINFORMATION CENTRE & ITS SERVICESISO 9001:2000 Certifiedwww.pastic.gov.pk
PASTIC The Information Provider21st century is the century ofInformation & knowledgeMore new information has beengenerated in the last 30 years than inthe previous 5000 years
PublicationsPAKISTAN SCIENCE ABSTARCTArticles from Pakistani S&T journals are documented in theform of abstracts are published in 10 S&T disciplines.1. Agricultural Sciences2. Animal Sciences3. Biochemistry & Biotechnology4. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Sciences5. Earth & Environmental Sciences6. Information Communication& Engineering Sciences7. Mathematical & Statistical Sciences8. Medical Sciences,9. Plant Sciences10. Physics
Directory of Scientific Periodicals &Union CatalogueContains referenceinformation of 300Pakistani ScientificPeriodicalsSerial holding data of 200 librariesAvailable on website: Union CatalogueIn print form and on CD-ROM
Trainings/Workshops• Information Handling & Management• Library Automation• Intellectual Property Rights• Science in Mass Media• ICTs & Libraries• Data Warehousing & Data Mining• Information Security• Technology Information for Industry & SMEsWorkshops and trainings are conducted for Human ResourceDevelopment in different areas. PASTIC has organizedworkshops & seminars in following areas from time to time.
Use of Free & Open Source LibrarySoftware’s: The Role of PASTIC• 1989: 1stPASTIC/UNESCO PGI NationalTraining on Micro CDS/ISIS, 16-30August, Islamabad.• 1990: 2ndTraining Course on the Applicationsof CDS/ISIS, 7-28 February, Lahore.• 1990: Training on CDS/ISIS, 3-8 November,Islamabad.• 1990: 3rdPASTIC-NIDP-ASTINFO Course onCDS/ISIS, 15-24 December, Karachi.
Cont………………• 1991: Training on DBASE3P, CDS/ISIS, MSTATand SLIDE WRITE Packages, 16-23December, Lahore.• 1995: Library/Office Automation andManagement, 18-24 July,Muzaffarabad.• 1996: Training on CDS/ISIS Package, 3-7November, Islamabad.• 1998: ICT applications for Library &Information Management, 23-26November, Islamabad.
Cont………………• 2001: Training on WIN/ISIS for PASTICOfficers, 29 October-3 November,Islamabad.• 2002: Training on WIN/ISIS Package, 2-4 July,Islamabad.• 2002 : Library Automation/InformationHandling Techniques, 23-26 October,Jamshoro, Sindh.• 2002: Training on WIN/ISIS Package, 20-23November, Islamabad.
Cont………………………• 2003: Training on WIN/ISIS Package, 2-5 June,Islamabad.• 2004: WIN/ISIS Package for PAEC Libraries indifferent cities of Pakistan,14-16 June,Islamabad.• 2004: Library Automation of S&TOrganizations, 04-07 October, Karachi.• 2004: Library Automation of S&TOrganizations,13-16 December, Lahore.
Cont………….• 2005: Training on WIN/ISIS Package, 7-19February, Islamabad.• 2005: Creating Value in Scientific andTechnological Research, 3rdMay,Islamabad.• 2005: Library Automation of S&TOrganizations, 9-11 May, Peshawar.• 2005: WIN/ISIS Package, 20-29 May,Islamabad.
Cont………………..• 2005: WIN/ISIS Package, 20-22 June,Peshawar.• 2005: WIN/ISIS Package, 23-25 June,Peshawar.• 2008: Training Workshop on WINISIS atUniversity of Agriculture, 12-13 June,Faisalabad.